Judge & Widow
[Lk. 18:3.]  Saint Kyril: “Satan is the adversary, so we say in our prayers to Him Who is
able to save and drive away from us that wicked being, ‘Avenge me of mine adversary.’
And this the only-begotten Logos of God has indeed done by having become Man; for
He has ejected from his tyranny over us the ruler of this world, and has delivered and
saved us, and put us under the yoke of His kingdom.” [Hom. 119, Commentary, Ch. 18,
p. 479.]

[Lk. 18:5.]  Metaphorically translated we have “that she may not wear me out” (i{na
mh; uJpwpiavzh me), but which literally means, “that she may not give a black eye (to
my reputation).”

[Lk. 18:6.]  Blessed Theophylact: “Some have said that the widow represents every soul
which has cast off her previous husband, the devil, who, because of this, is now her
adversary, and constantly assails her. The widow comes to God, the judge of injustice,
that is to say, He condemns injustice, for He does not fear any god. For He alone is
God, and there is no other god whom He should fear. But neither is He ashamed before
any man, for He regards no man’s person [Gal. 2:6]. God then has compassion on the
widow who entreats continually....Indeed, let these interpretations be accepted by any
who so wish.” [P.G. 123:432AB (col. 1001).]

[Lk. 18:8.]  “When the Son of Man cometh, shall He find the faith on the earth?” (oJ
Gijo;~ tou` ajnqrwvpou ejlqw;n a\ra euJrhvsei th;n pivstin ejpi; th`~ gh`~;) Ara marks
this as an interrogatory, and a negative answer is implied.
Saint Kyril: “He tells us then that ‘the love of the multitude shall grow cold [Mt. 24:12],’
and that ‘in latter times some shall apostatize from the faith, giving heed to deceiving
spirits and teachings of demons, speaking lies in hypocrisy, having been branded as to
their own conscience [1 Tim. 4:1, 2].’” [Ib.]
Saint Cyprian of Carthage: “If there be among us the fear of God, if the maintenance of
the faith prevail, if we keep the precepts of Christ, if we guard the incorrupt and
inviolate sanctity of His spouse, if the words of the Lord abide in our thoughts and
hearts, when He says, ‘Thinkest thou, when the Son of Man cometh,  shall He find the
faith on the earth?’ then, because we are God’s faithful soldiers, who war for the faith
and sincere religion of God, let us keep the camp entrusted to us by God with faithful
valor. Nor ought custom, which had crept in among some,  prevent the truth from
prevailing and conquering; for custom without truth is the antiquity of error. Let not
faith and truth be betrayed when that which is done outside against the Church is
defended within, indeed, in the very Church herself.” [“Epistle LXXIII, To Pompey About
the Baptism of Heretics,” ¶¶ 8, 9, in Ante-Nicene, V:388, 389.]
Blessed Theophylact: “By using the form of a question, He shows how then He shall
find few faithful. For the son of lawlessness shall gain the mastery to such a degree
then, ‘so as to lead astray, if possible, even the elect [Mt. 24:24].’...Few will keep faith
towards God and towards others....Now faith is the solid base and foundation of prayer.
The Lord mentions faith while He is teaching about prayer, showing in a hidden manner
that few will pray then, since few shall be found then who have faith....With His
coming, however, He shall put an end to faithlessness; for, willingly or not, ‘every
tongue shall confess for itself that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father
[cf. Phil. 2:11].’” [P.G. 123:432C-433CD (col. 1001).]

[Lk. 18:11.]  “The Pharisee, having assumed a stance” (staqei;~, aorist passive
participle of i{sthmi), implies that he struck an ostentatious attitude when he took up
his position.
Blessed Theophylact: “By saying that the Pharisee assumed a stance, the Lord
indicates his high-mindedness and lack of humility....Although the tax collector stood
(eJstw;~, perfect active participle),...he was not willing to lift up his eyes to heaven.”
[P.G. 123:434D (col. 1004)].
Saint Kyril: “The tax collector was afraid of even being seen by God....The Pharisee
stood bold and broad, lifting up his eyes without scruple, bearing witness of himself.”
[Hom. 120, Commentary, Ch. 18, p. 482.]