Coptic Synaxarium



1. The Departure of St. Eutychus.
2. The Martyrdom of St. Pishay (Abshai), the Antiochian.
1. On this day, St. Eutychus, the disciple of St. John the Evangelist, departed. After he
spent some time with the apostle, Eutychus asked for his permission to go to St. Paul,
the Apostle, and St. John allowed him. He went to St. Paul and preached the Name of
Christ with him, and returned many of the Jews and the pagans to the Lord Christ and
baptized them. He converted temples of idols to churches, and he endured
tribulations, imprisonment, and beatings for many days. He was cast in the fire, but he
was not harmed, and was cast to the lions, which did not harm him but rather became
friendly towards him. He went to Sebastia and preached there, and the angel of the
Lord was with him and strengthened him.
It was said, that this saint was the young man who sat in a window and "was sinking
into a deep sleep. He was overcome by sleep; and as Paul continued speaking, he fell
down from the third story and was taken up dead," and St. Paul raised him with his
prayers. (Acts 20:9)
May his blessings be with us. Amen.
2. On this day also, St. Pishay (Abshai), the brother of St. Bahor (Abba Hor - St. Hour),
was martyred. He was from the city of Antioch, and because of his piety and
knowledge, he was ordained a priest. When his brother, Abba Hour, and his mother
went to Alexandria, they were martyred on the twenty-ninth of the month of Baounah.
This saint gave all his possessions to the poor and the needy, and came to Alexandria
to be blessed by their bodies. When he saw the two bodies, he wept much, then went
to the governor and confessed the Lord Christ before him. The governor tortured him
much until he delivered up his pure soul. The governor ordered his body burned along
with the bodies of his brother and his mother, and the bodies of other martyrs,
eighty-eight in number.
Certain believers came and took the bodies of Sts. Pishay, Abba Hour, their mother,
and the bodies of Sts. Tabamoun (Damon), of the city of Danbak (Debkeya),
Abimachus (Bimakos), from the city of El-Baramon, and Barashenoufah (Wursunufa), of
the city of Teliah (Tuluya), and carried them to the city of Ansabashy (Ablasi), where
the believers received them with great reverence.
May their prayers be with us and Glory be to our God forever. Amen.
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The Second Day of the Blessed Month of El-Nasi
The Departure of St. Titus, the Apostle
On this day, St. Titus, the Apostle, was martyred. He was born in Crete, and he was
the nephew of the governor of the island. He learned the Greek language, its literature
and wisdom, and he excelled in it. He was meek and merciful. When the news of our
Lord Jesus Christ spread in all the land of Palestine and Syria, the governor of Crete,
the uncle of this saint, wanted to confirm what he had heard about the magnificent
signs, and eminent teachings of Christ. He sent Titus to verify that and to bring him
accurate information.
When Titus arrived in the land of Judah, he saw the signs and heard the Divine words
of the Lord Christ. He compared the words and miracles of our Lord to the words and
deeds of the Greeks, and he found a great and clear difference between them. So he
believed in the Lord Christ, and sent to his uncle telling him all that he had seen and
heard. When the Lord chose the seventy apostles, Titus was one of them. After the
ascension of our Lord Christ, Titus received the grace of the Holy Spirit along with the
disciples. He accompanied the apostle Paul to many countries. When St. Paul went to
Rome, St. Titus returned to Crete. He built a church there, and ordained for it priests
and deacons. Having finished his apostolic strife, St. Titus departed in peace.
May his prayers be with us and Glory be to our God forever. Amen.
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The Third Day of the Blessed Month of El-Nasi
1. The Commemoration of the Angel Raphael, the Archangel.
2. The Martyrdom of St. Andrianus.
3. The Departure of St. Yoannis XIV, 96th Pope of Alexandria.
1. On this day, the church celebrates the commemoration of the honorable Angel
Raphael, the third of the Archangels, and the dedication of his church outside the city
of Alexandria. During the time of Pope Theophilus, the twenty-third Patriarch, a faithful
woman came from Rome, with her children and had with her a picture of the honorable
Archangel Raphael. She had inherited much money from her husband. She revealed to
the Pope her desire to build many churches. He showed her a large heap, which was in
front of the patriarchate, which she removed and built a church in its place. Then she
built another church in the name of the Angel Raphael, which was consecrated on this
day.
The intercession of this honorable angel be with us. Amen.
2. On this day also, St. Andrianus, one of the commanders of the army of the emperor,
was martyred. This saint, whenever he saw a martyr he would ask him, "Why do you
do that to yourself?" They answered him, "In the hope of the eternal life, and the
everlasting kingdom." He went to the emperor and confessed the Lord Christ. The
Emperor tortured him much then imprisoned him with many martyrs. Anatolia, the wife
of this saint, cut off her hair, and dressed in a man's apparel. She came to the prison
and ministered to the martyrs. She strengthened her husband, comforted and consoled
him. When other women heard about what she did, they did the same.
Later on the emperor ordered the legs of the prisoners broken until they die. This saint
came and encouraged her husband until he delivered his soul to the hand of the Lord.
After all the martyrs had delivered up their souls, the emperor ordered their bodies
burned, but God brought down dew which put out the fire. Some believers carried the
bodies to Pisidia. A prince asked to marry St. Anatolia, but she refused. When she
finished her strife, she departed in peace.
May their prayers be with us. Amen.
3. On this day also, of the year 1302 A.M. (September 6, 1586 A.D.), and during the
reign of the Ottoman Sultan Mourad III, Pope Yoannis XIV, 96th Pope of Alexandria,
departed. He was from Manfalout, and he was known by Yoannis El-Manfalouty. He
became a monk at El-Baramous monastery, in Wadi El-Natroun. He was ordained
Patriarch during the reign of the Ottoman Sultan Selim II, on the 22nd day of
Baramoudah, 1287 A.M. (April 17th, 1571 A.D.). During his Papacy the Christians were
forced to wear black turbans (head cover). He received a letter from the Pope of Rome
and he answered him back. Sultan Selim asked him to collect head taxes from the
Christians, and every one complied. He went to Alexandria, and on his way back, he
felt weak and ill at the city of El-Nahrawiah. He departed there and was buried at the
Church of St. George in Birma. His body was relocated later on to El-Sourian
monastery. He was on the Chair for fifteen years, four months, and nineteen days.
May his prayers be with us and Glory be to our God forever. Amen.
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The Fourth Day of the Blessed Month of El-Nasi
1. The Departure of St. Leparius, Bishop of Rome.
2. The Departure of St. Poimen, the Hermit.
1. On this day, St. Leparius (Liberius), Bishop of Rome, departed. He was ordained
during the reign of Emperor Constance, the son of Constantine. When Athanasius,
Pope of Alexandria, and Paul, Patriarch of Constantinople, were exiled, they came to
him. St. Liberius took them to Emperor Constance, who wrote to his brother, and they
were allowed to return.
After Constance was killed in Rome, Constantius sent to St. Liberius asking him to
accept the followers of Arius, and to accept the exile of Athanasius, but he refused
this petition. Constantius exiled St. Liberius, then came to Rome where he killed the
killers of his brother. The heads of the monasteries and the priests met him and asked
him to release their father Liberius. The emperor returned him from his exile, and he
continued to teach and preach to his flock. He resisted the followers of Arius, until he
departed in peace. He sat on the episcopal throne for fifteen years.
May his prayers be with us. Amen.
2. On this day also, the ascetic saint, Anba Poimen (Baymon), departed. He was born
about the year 350 A.D., in one of the cities of Egypt. He had six brothers, John,
Jacob, Job, Joseph, Sonosyos, and Abraham. They all agreed to become monks, and
they dwelt in a remote place. They forsook the love of the world, they bore the yoke of
the Lord Christ, and they lived an ascetic life. Once their mother desired to see them,
so she came to them, stood outside, and she sent a message for them to come to see
her. They replied saying, "You shall not see us except in the age to come." She
understood their answer and returned to her town. Anba Poimen was a teacher,
counselor, and comforter to the old and young men of the wilderness. Whenever
tribulation or temptation befell anyone, he would come to him, and St. Poimen would
cure him.
This father left to us many profitable teachings such as:
+ If you see a brother who has transgressed, despair not of him, but wake up his soul,
comfort him, and lighten his burden, so that he may rise up from his fall.
+ Teach your heart what your tongue says.
+ One of the brethren said to him, "If I see a brother whose conduct is wicked, I do
not feel comfortable to bring him to my cell. On the other hand, if his conduct is good,
I rejoice and bring him to my cell cheerfully." The saint replied, "If you treat well the
brother who is good, then you must treat that brother whose works are inferior with a
double portion of goodness, for he is sick and needs healing."
+ Then he told this brother, "There was a monk in a monastery, who had fallen into a
transgression, and he was always weeping, and supplicating God saying, 'O Lord, I
have sinned against You, please forgive me.' A voice came to him, 'I have not forsaken
you, except when you have forsaken your brother in the time of his trial.'"
+ Anba Poimen also added, "If we cover over the sins of our brethren, God will cover
over our sins. And if we make it known, God will do the same of our inequities."
Having finished his days and having arrived at a good old age that was pleasing to
God, he departed in peace.
May his prayers be with us and Glory be to our God forever. Amen.
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The Fifth Day of the Blessed Month of El-Nasi
1. The Departure of St. James, Bishop of Misre.
2. The Departure of the Righteous Amos, the Prophet.
3. The Departure of St. Barsoma, the "Naked".
4. The Departure of St. Yoannis XV, 99th Pope of Alexandria.
1. On this day, in the year 804 A.M. (August 28th, 1088 A.D.), and during the Papacy
of Pope Kyrillos II, 67th Patriarch, the church celebrates the commemoration of the
pure father, St. James, Bishop of Misre (Cairo). This saint longed for the monastic life
from a young age, so he went to the wilderness of St. Macarius, and lived in a cell
there for many years. Then he was ordained Archdeacon for the church of the
monastery of St. John. Because of his virtuous life, great knowledge and piety, he was
ordained bishop for Misre (Cairo). Having been seated upon the episcopal seat, he
added to his prayer, asceticism, and worship. He was a teacher, spiritual advisor, and
a deterrent to the sinners, during his episcopate. When he finished his good strife, he
fell sick. He called his people, commanded them not to be negligent in the Divine
commandments, and explained to them what the punishment of sinners would be.
Then, he made the sign of the glorious Cross on his face, and delivered his pure soul
in the hands of the Lord.
May his prayers be with us. Amen.
2. This day also marks, the departure of the righteous prophet Amos, one of the
twelve minor prophets. He prophesied in the days of Uzziah, king of Judah, and
Jeroboam the son of Joash, King of Israel. God had sent him to the children of Israel
to caution them and advise them to bear fruit that befits repentance before the
coming of the day of vengeance. He prophesied concerning the passion of the Lord and
the darkness of the sun on that day. He also prophesied concerning the lamentation
and sorrow which should come upon the children of Israel after this, how their festivals
should be turned into days of sorrow, and their joy into weeping; how they should
lack  he help of God, and how they should hunger and thirst through the lack of
teaching and knowledge, how they should be scattered in all countries among the
nations. And all these things were fulfilled upon them. It was said that this prophet
was killed because of his harsh rebuke for their sins. This prophet lived about eight
hundred years before the advent of the Lord Christ.
May his prayers be with us. Amen.
3. On this day also, in the year 1033 A.M., the great saint who was perfect in the love
of God, Anba Barsoma the "Naked" (El-Erian), departed. He was born in Misre (Cairo).
His father called El-Wageeh Moufdel, was the scribe of the Queen "Shagaret El-dor",
and his mother was from the family of El-Taban. When his parents departed, his uncle
took possession of all that they had left. Barsoma did not quarrel with him but forsook
the world and lived the life of the righteous hermits. He lived outside the city for five
years suffering the harshness of the summer heat and the winter cold. He wore no
clothing except a hairy sackcloth, following the example of the Saint Anba Paul (Anba
Paula), the first hermit. Then he shut himself in a cave inside the church of St.
Marcurius Abu-Saifain for twenty years in ceaseless prayer and fasting, by day and
night. There was a huge serpent in that cave. When he entered the cave and saw this
serpent, he cried saying, "O my Lord Christ, the Son of the Living God, who gave us
the authority to trample on serpents and scorpions and every power of the enemy. You
granted healing to the children of Israel, who were bitten by the serpents, when they
looked to the brass serpent. Now I look to you, O You Who was hanged on the Cross,
so that you might grant me power to be able to overcome this beast." Then he made
the sign of the cross over himself, and moved toward the serpent saying, "You
trampled the serpent and the snakes, and You tread upon the lion and the dragon. The
Lord is my light and my salvation, whom shall I fear? The Lord is the strength of my
life, of whom shall I be afraid?" Then he said to the serpent, "O blessed one stand still
in your place," and then he made the sign of the cross over it. He prayed to God and
asked Him to remove the beastly nature from it. As he finished his prayer, the serpent
changed its nature and became tame. The saint said to the serpent, "Henceforth, O
blessed one, you shall not have power or might to harm any man, but you shall be
subject and obedient to what I say to you." The serpent manifested signs of
submission and obedience, and became with the saint as the lion was with Daniel, the
prophet, in the den.
Then he left the cave and lived on the roof of the church. He endured the summer heat
and the winter cold, until his skin became dark from much worship and asceticism. He
remained in this state for fifteen years.
During his days, a great persecution befell the Christian nation. The churches were
shut and the Christians were forced to wear blue turbans. As for this saint, the ruler
seized him, severely smote him, then cast him in prison. When he was released, he
went to the monastery of El-Shahran, where he lived on the roof of the church and he
increased in his asceticism. He did not replace his white turban. The rulers of that time
from princes, judges and others, visited him and saw his white turban, but no one
dared to force him to wear a blue one for they knew that the power of God was with
him. The saint continually asked and supplicated God to take his anger away from His
people. Having completed his strife, he departed at a good old age, in the year 1033
A.M. He was then sixty years old, and was buried in the monastery of El-Shahran.
May his prayers be with us. Amen.
4. Today also, in the year 1346 A.M. (September 7th, 1629 A.D.), Pope Yoannis XV
(John), 99th Pope of Alexandria, departed. He was from Mallawy, and was known by
the name of Yoannis El-Mallawany. He became a monk in St. Antonios monastery, and
was ordained Patriarch in the 7th of Tute, 1336 A.M. (September 18th, 1619 A.D.). He
was chaste, knowledgeable, and just in his judgements. He was modest, impartial,
and only sought the truth. He was zealous about the church, compassionate to the
priests, loving to the poor, and provided shelter for strangers. He did not desire
anything of this world, but rather he was absorbed in prayer and worship, day and
night.
In the year 1340 A.M. (1623 A.D.), a grave epidemic befell Upper Egypt. It lasted from
the month of Tubah (January) till the month of Baramoudah (April), which perished
multitudes of people and devastated many families. Pope Yoannis was in Upper Egypt,
and returned to Cairo in 1341 A.M. In year 1342 A.M. another severe epidemic spread
through the land, which was less severe than the first. The Pope went to upper Egypt
again in the second year of the epidemic, then returned to Cairo. On his way back, he
passed by the city of Abnub, and he spent a night there. He suffered abdominal pain.
It was said that he was given a poison where he spent that night. The owner of that
house had concubines besides his wife and the Pope admonished him for that. When
the Pope felt ill, he asked for a boat, which he sailed in. He ceased in the boat on his
way, and was buried in the monastery of the Saint Anba Bishiah in El-Biadiah. He was
on the Chair for nine years, eleven months and twenty-two days.
May his prayers be with us and Glory be to our God forever. Amen.
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The Sixth Day of the Blessed Month of El-Nasi
A Thanksgiving To God
Come all you faithful people, whom have been bought by the pure Blood of our Lord,
and Savior Jesus Christ. Let us glorify Him for what He bestowed upon us from His
benevolence and goodness, and abundantly gave us from His blessings and richness.
He brought us to this day, which is the last day of the Coptic year, and we are
physically healthy, steadfast in our faith, and following the footsteps of our holy
fathers. We greatly thank God for He did not deal with us according to our bad deeds
but He lingered on us, and kept us, to this day, in peace, awaiting our return to Him in
repentance, so that he might grant us forgiveness.
So let us weep before Him with deep sighs for the transgressions and sins that we
have committed. Let us repent from all our hearts on all that we have committed, from
inequities and trespasses, and commit ourselves before Him to live pure and chaste
lives. We ask Him to strengthen us in the True Faith, to preserve us from the snare of
Satan, to grant us His perfect peace, and to repose the souls of our departed ones
with the intercession of the Virgin Lady St. Mary, and all the angels and the saints.
Glory, Honor, and Worship to Our God now and forever and unto the age of ages.
Amen.
  • The Blessed Month of El-Nasi (The Little Month)
The First Day