Coptic Synaxarium
  • The Blessed Month Of Abib, The First Day
1. The Martyrdom of Saint Febronia the Ascetic.
2. The Departure of Saints Bioukha and Tayaban (Banayen) the priests.

1-1. On this day, St. Febronia, the ascetic virgin, was martyred. This saint was the
of the superior of a convent that had fifty virgins, in a place called "Ouryana" in
Mesopotamia. Her aunt brought her up in the fear of God and taught her the reading
of the Holy Books. St. Febronia vowed herself to the Lord Christ, and she fought the
good fight by asceticism, fasting for two days at a time, and unceasing in her prayers.
When Emperor Diocletian issued his edict to worship idols, many Christians were
martyred by his hands. When the virgins heard that, they were afraid and left the
convent and went into hiding. None was left in the convent except St. Febronia,
another sister and the abbess. On the following day, the envoys of the Emperor came,
seized the abbess, and humiliated her. St. Febronia said to them, "Take me and set
free this old woman." But they took her as well, bound in ropes, and brought them to
the Governor. At that time she was twenty years old, and was attractive. The
Governor asked her to worship the idols and promised her many things but she
refused. He ordered that she be beaten with rods, and her dress to be torn off. The
abbess cried out to him saying, "May God rip you up, O wild beast, for you want to put
to shame this young orphan girl." The Governor was wrathful, and ordered St. Febronia
to be squeezed by the wheel, and to comb her body with an iron comb until her flesh
was completely torn. During all that, she prayed to the Lord asking for help. He then
cut out her tongue and smashed her teeth so that she could not pray. But the Lord
strengthened her and comforted her. Finally, the Governor ordered her head cut off,
and she received the crown of martyrdom. A righteous man took her body and
shrouded it with costly shrouds, and placed it in a golden box.
May her prayers be with us. Amen.
2-2. On this day also, the fighters Sts. Bioukha and Banayen, departed. They
priests in thechurch of "Tunah" of the diocese of "Tanda". Their father was the
steward of this church. Ithappened when the priest Banayen was celebrating the
Divine Liturgy, someone came calling himto see his father who was dying in that
instant. He answered him saying, "I cannot take off mypriestly vestment before the
end of the service. If God is willing, I shall see him before he dies, otherwise it will be
the will of God."
His father asked for him three times, and he responded with the same answer. When
he finishedthe mass, he found his father had departed. The church vessels were
stored in a place known onlyby his father. Banayen the priest went to St. Daniel, the
priest of the wilderness of Shiheet, who guided him by Divine inspiration, to the place
where the vessels were stored. These two saints lived a virtuous life until they
departed in peace.
May their prayers be with us, and Glory be to God forever. Amen.

  • The Second Day Of The Blessed Month Of Abib
The Departure of St. Thaddaeus, the Apostle
On this day, St. Thaddaeus, the Apostle, departed. The Lord had chosen him among
the twelve disciples. When he received the grace of the Comforter along with the
disciples, he travelled around the world preaching the Gospel. He returned many of the
Jews and Gentiles to the knowledge of God and Baptized them. Then he went to the
land of Syria and preached to its people and many believed through his hands. He
suffered from the Jews and Gentiles, much humiliation and many tortures, then
departed in peace.
May his prayers be with us, and Glory be to God forever. Amen.

  • The Third Day Of The Blessed Month Of Abib
1. The Departure of St. Kyrillos (Cyril) the First, the Twenty- Fourth Pope of
2. The Departure of St. Celestine, Pope of Rome.

3-1. On this day, of the year 160 A.D. (June 27th, 444 A.M.), the great father, the
of faith and the lamp of the Orthodox church, St. Kyrillos (Cyril) the First, the
Alexandrian Pope, and the twenty-fourth Patriarch of the See of St. Mark, departed.
This saint was the son of the sister of Pope Theophilus (23rd patriarch). He was raised
by his uncle at the school of Alexandria where he was educated in its Theological and
Philosophical subjects needed to defend Christianity and the Orthodox faith. After he
learned a great deal of these subjects, his uncle sent him to the monastery of St.
Macarius in the wilderness. There, he became a disciple to a righteous old monk called
Sarabamon. He taught him the church books, and the sayings of the pure fathers. He
trained his mind and body by practicing the works of righteousness and virtues for a
period of time.
After he spent in the wilderness five years, Pope Theophilus sent him to Abba
Sarapion, the honorable bishop, so he increased in wisdom and knowledge. Shortly
after, the bishop returned him to Alexandria. His uncle was rejoiced, ordained him a
deacon, appointed him a preacher in the cathedral and made him his scribe. Whenever
Kyrillos gave a sermon, he captured the hearts of his listeners with his eloquence,
fluency, and his strong influence. Since that time, he became well known for his vast
knowledge, his great righteousness, and his deep influence in his teaching. When his
uncle Pope Theophilus departed in the 18th of Babah 128 A.M. (October 15th, 412 A.
M.), they enthroned this father in his place on the 20th of Babah, 128 A.M. (Oct. 17th,
412 A.D.). The church was illumined with his knowledge, and he gave special attention
to resisting paganism and defending the Christian faith. He started to refute the
falsity of Emperor Julian the Infidel in his ten essays that had been written after his
apostasy. These were the favorite readings of the pagan young people of Alexandria
and their pride, for they believed that it destroyed the principles of the Christian faith.
Pope Kyrillos refuted them in terms that were clear, strong and convincing.
He set out to rebut the heretics until he was able to close their churches and seize
their contents. He ordered the expulsion of the Jews from Alexandria which led to a
disturbance and confrontation between the Jews and the Christians. This led to the
widening of the contention between the governor and this great saint. Because of his
strong devotion to the Christian ethics and teachings, he found himself compelled to
ask for reconciliation with the governor. However, the governor refused to accept the
reconciliation, and the conflict between them continued for a period of time.
When the heresy of Nestorius, Patriarch of Constantinople, emerged, a Universal
Council convened for him. He denied that the Virgin was the mother of God
(Theotokos). Two hundred bishops assembled in the city of Ephesus during the reign
of Emperor Theodosius II, known by Theodosius the Less. St. Cyril (Kyrillos), Pope of
Alexandria, presided over this council. He debated Nestorius, explained to him his
heretic opinion, and threatened him with excommunication and exile from his Chair, if
he did not change his erroneous opinion. St. Kyrillos composed twelve discourses
wherein he explained the true faith, refuting the error of Nestorius. Anba John,
Patriarch of Antioch, and some of the bishops of the East disagreed with him, taking
Nestorius' side. Nevertheless, shortly after, they came back and agreed with Kyrillos
who was victorious over the enemies of the church. He wrote many discourses and
valuable epistles, confirming in them, that God the Word is One Nature, One Will, and
One Person incarnated. He anathematized anyone who separated Christ or differed
from this true faith. The Emperor exiled Nestorius in the year 435 A.D. to the land of
Egypt, and remained in the city of Akhmim until his death in the year 440 A.D. From
the monumental works of Pope Kyrillos was the commentary of the Holy Books.
When he finished his strife, he fell sick for a short time and departed in peace. He
remained on the Alexandrian Chair for thirty-one years, eight months, and ten days.
May his prayers be with us. Amen.
3-2. On this day also, the great Pope Celestine, bishop of the city of Rome,
(July 27th, 432 A.D.). This saint was the disciple of St. Boniface, bishop of
Rome. At the time of his death, he commended that father Celestine would succeed
him, and then he cautioned him saying, "Take heed O my son for there would be
ravening wolves in the city of Rome." This father was a righteous and well learned
monk. When Pope Boniface departed on September 4th, 422 A.D., they ordained
Celestine in his place on September 10th, 422 A.D., during the reign of Emperor
Honorius. This Emperor died in the city of Raffeen in France in the year 423 A.D. One
of the Emperors (Julian the Infidel) wanted to appoint Nestorius a patriarch for Rome
and expel Celestine the saintly Pope. The people rose up and expelled Nestorius which
made Emperor Julian enraged against him. This Saint fled to one of the monasteries
nearby Pentapolis (Five cities) and dwelt there. God wrought many signs and miracles
by his hands.
Then, the angel Raphael appeared to him in a dream saying: "Rise up and go to the
city of Antioch to its patriarch St. Dimitrius, and abide with him for the Emperor had
decided in his heart to kill you upon his return from the war." When he woke up, he
went forth from that monastery along with two brothers and came to the city of
Antioch. He found its Patriarch ill, told him what had happened to him, and stayed in
one of the monasteries of Antioch. Sts. Ignatius and Boniface along with a third
venerable person appeared to the Emperor in a dream and said to him, "Why have you
left the city of the saints without a bishop. Behold, God will remove your soul from
you, and you shall die by the hands of your enemies." The Emperor asked, "What shall
I do?" They replied, "Do you believe in the Son of God?" He answered saying, "I do
believe." They said to him, "Send and bring our son bishop Celestine with honor, and
restore him to his throne." When the Emperor awoke from his dream, he wrote to the
patriarch of Antioch, Demetrius, asking him to inform his envoys of the whereabouts of
Celestine, and return him to his See. They found him and returned him to his Chair
with great honor, and the people received him with joy and
happiness. The peace and the affairs of the church were established by his presence.
When Nestorius blasphemed and the Council assembled for him, Celestine was unable
to attend the Council, because of his illness, so he sent two priests with a letter
excommunicating Nestorius in it. The Emperor believed in what Nestorius said,
nevertheless he yielded to the decisions of the Council and exiled Nestorius to Egypt.
When the Lord willed for Celestine to depart from this world, St. Boniface, his
predecessor, and St. Athanasius, the Apostolic, appeared to him and told him, "Affirm
your people in the faith, for Christ is calling you." When he woke up he commanded
his people saying, "Take heed to yourselves, for behold ravening wolves shall come
into this city." Having said this he added, "I am leaving, for the saints are calling for
me." When he said that, he departed in peace.
May his prayers be with us, and Glory be to God forever. Amen.

  • The Fourth Day Of The Blessed Month Of Abib
The Commemoration of the Relocation of the Relics of Sts. Apakir and John.
On this day, the church commemorates the relocation of the relics of the honorable
Sts. Apakir and John. After they received the crown of martyrdom as it is mentioned in
the account of the sixth day of the month of Amshir, some of the believers took their
bodies. They laid them in the church of St. Mark the Evangelist, which is to the south
of Alexandria. They remained there until the days of St. Cyril (Kyrillos), the Pillar of
Faith, the angel of the Lord appeared to him and commanded him to relocate the
relics of these two saints to the other church of St. Mark by the seaside. He relocated
them with great honor, then built a church for them in this district.
They arranged for them a feast on this day. Beside the church there was a pagan
temple wherein many heathens gathered. When they saw the wonders that were
manifested in the church of these two saints many of them believed in the Lord Christ.
May their prayers be with us, and Glory be to God forever. Amen.

  • The Fifth Day Of The Blessed Month Of Abib
The Martyrdom of Sts. Peter and Paul, the Apostles
On this day, the two great saints Peter and Paul, were martyred. Peter was from
Bethsaida, and he was a fisherman. The Lord chose him on the second day of His
baptism after He chose Andrew his brother. He had fervent faith and strong zeal.
When the Lord asked His disciples: "Who do men say that I am?" So they answered,
"Some say John the Baptist, some Elijah, and others Jeremiah or one of the prophets."
... Simon Peter answered and said, "You are the Christ, the Son of the living God."
(Mat. 16:13-20) After he received the grace of the Holy Spirit, he went around in the
world preaching of the crucified Christ, and he converted many to the faith. God
wrought great and innumerable signs and wonders by his hands. He wrote two catholic
Epistles to the believers.
When he came to the city of Rome, he found there St. Paul the Apostle. Through their
preaching, most of the people of Rome believed, so Nero seized Peter and commanded
to crucify him. Peter asked them to crucify him head downwards, and he delivered up
his soul into the hand of the Lord.
As of St. Paul the Apostle, he was born in Tarsus two years before the advent of the
Savior. He was a Jew, of the tribe of Benjamin, a Pharisee, the son of a Pharisee. He
was well learned in the Law of the Torah, and he was jealous for it. He persecuted the
Christians. When they stoned St. Stephen, Paul was guarding the clothes of those who
were stoning him. He took from Caiaphas, the high priest, letters to the synagogues
of Damascus, to bind the Christians and bring them to Jerusalem. As he journeyed, he
came near Damascus, and suddenly a light shone around him from heaven. Then he
fell to the ground, and heard a voice saying to him, "Saul, Saul, why are you
persecuting Me?" And he said, "Who are You, Lord?" And the Lord said, "I am Jesus,
whom you are persecuting. It is hard for you to kick against the goads." Then He
ordered him to go to Ananias in Damascus, who baptized him, and he received his
sight at once. He was filled by the grace of the Comforter, and he proclaimed boldly
the Faith. He went around in the world preaching of the crucified Christ. He suffered
much beatings, imprisonment, and was bound with fetters, some of which are
mentioned in the book of the Acts of the Apostles and in his Epistles. He went to
Rome and proclaimed the Faith there and many believed by his hands. He wrote for
them the Epistle to the Romans which was the first of his fourteen Epistles.
Finally, Nero seized him, tortured him severely and ordered his head cut off. While St.
Paul was passing along with the executioner, he met a damsel who was a kinswoman
of the Emperor Nero, and who had believed through him. She walked along with St.
Paul, weeping, to where they carried out the sentence. He comforted her and asked
her for her veil. He wrapped his head with the veil, and asked her to return back. The
executioner cut off his head and left it wrapped in the veil of the young girl, and that
was in the year 67 A.D. The young girl met the executioner on his way back to the
Emperor, and asked him about Paul and he replied, "He is lying where I left him and
his head is wrapped in your veil." She told him, "You are lying, for he and Peter had
just passed by me, they were arrayed in the apparel of kings, and had crowns
decorated with jewels on their heads, and they gave me my veil, and here it is." She
showed it to the executioner, and to those who were with him. They marvelled, and
believed on the Lord Christ. God wrought by the hands of Peter and Paul many great
signs and wonders, that they even carried the sick out into the streets ... that as
Peter came by ... his shadow might fall on them ... and they were all healed. (Acts 5:
15) The handkerchiefs or aprons were brought from Paul's body to the sick, and the
diseases left them and the evil spirits went out of them. (Acts 19:12)
May their prayers be with us, and Glory be to God forever. Amen.

  • The Sixth Day Of The Blessed Month Of Abib
1. The Martyrdom of St. Aoulimpas, the Apostle.
2. The Martyrdom of St. Theodosia and her companions.
1. On this day, St. Aoulimpas, who was called Paul, one of the seventy apostles, was
martyred. This Apostle ministered to the disciples and carried the epistles of St. Peter
to the Gentiles. He went with him to the city of Rome, preached there, taught and
converted many to the Faith. When St. Peter was martyred, this Apostle was the one
to take his body off the cross, shroud him, and take him to the house of one of the
believers. Someone accused him, before the Emperor Nero, of being one of the
disciples of Peter. Nero brought him and questioned him. The Saint confessed that the
Lord Christ is the true God. Nero tortured him severely. Then he asked him, "How do
you wish to die?" The Saint replied saying, "I only wish to die for the Name of Christ.
Kill me any way you wish, and bring me speedily to my desire." Nero ordered to beat
him and to crucify him, head downwards, like his teacher St. Peter. They did so and he
received the crown of martyrdom.
May his prayers be with us. Amen.
2. On this day also, St. Theodosia, mother of St. Proconius, along with two prefects
and twelve other women, were martyred. When Theodosia heard that her son became
Christian, and the Emperor had tortured him severely until he was close to death, she
went to see him. She found them bringing him out of prison and all his wounds were
healed. She and all those who were with her marvelled. They all cried saying, "We
believe in the God of Proconius." The Emperor ordered their heads cut off and they
received the crown of martyrdom.
May their prayers be with us, and Glory be to God forever. Amen.

The Seventh Day Of The Blessed Month Of Abib
1. The Departure of St. Shenouda (Shenoute), the Archimandrite.
2. The Martyrdom of St Ignatius, Bishop of Antioch, in Rome.
1. On this day, the ascetic father, St. Shenouda (Shenoute), the Archimandrite,
departed. This father was born in the city of Shandaweil (Shenalolet) in the district of
Akhmim. His father was a farmer, who owned flocks of sheep.
When Shenouda grew up, his father entrusted him with the care of the sheep. He
tended to the sheep, gave his food to the shepherd, and he spent his day fasting. His
father took him to his uncle Anba Bgoul (Bigal) to bless him. Anba Bgoul laid the boy's
hands on his own head and said, "You bless me, my child, for you will be a father for
many peoples." His father left him with his uncle and returned home. One day he
heard a voice from heaven saying, "Shenouda has become the Archimandrite." Since
that time, he exerted himself with many worships and intense asceticism.
When Anba Bgoul (Bigal) departed, Shenouda replaced him. He followed the monastic
communal rules that were formulated by St. Pakhom, and he added to them a pledge
the monk had to sign before joining the monastery.
The number of monks during his days reached 1800 monks. That monastery, still
standing west of the city of Souhag, has a church and is known as the monastery of
Anba Bishoy. Anba Shenouda had built another monastery, the number of its monks
reached 2200 monks, which is still standing and is known as the monastery of Anba
Once, an army commander asked Anba Shenouda to lend him his girdle to wear during
the war so that God might make him victorious. The Saint gave it to him and the
commander overcame his enemies.
Anba Shenouda became a shining light to all the world with his sermons, discourses,
and canons that he put for the good of the monks, hierarchies, and laity, men and
women. He attended the Council of the two hundred that gathered at Ephesus with
the holy father Anba Kyrillos (24th), and he admonished Nestorius the heretic. Before
his departure, he asked his disciples to support him so that he might worship his
creator. He worshiped God and then commanded them to follow his footsteps and told
them, "I commit you to God" then he departed in peace.
May his prayers be with us. Amen.
2. On this day also, St. Ignatius was martyred in Rome in the year 107 A.D. He was
chosen Bishop for Antioch, succeeding St. Peter the Apostle, in the year 69 A.D.,
during the reign of Emperor Trajan. When the Emperor heard that this Saint had
attracted many by his teachings to believe in the Lord Christ, he brought him and
asked him, "Are you Ignatius the Theophoros?" He replied, "Yes, I am." The Emperor
inquired about the meaning of his name. The saint replied saying, "It means
'Godbearer.'" The Emperor said, "Do you think that we do not carry our gods to support
us in wars?" The Saint answered, "How can these statues be gods? Listen, there is no
God except the only God that created the Heaven and Earth, and His Son Jesus Christ
who was incarnated to save mankind. So if you had believed in Him, you would be
content now in your kingship."
The emperor attempted to persuade him to forsake Christianity, but he refused. The
Emperor was enraged, ordered him bound with fetters, and taken to Rome to be
thrown to the beasts. Ignatius responded by kissing the fetters that would be his
means of receiving the crown of martyrdom. The believers tried to save him by paying
bribes to the soldiers, but he refused, for he was yearning for martyrdom.
He went on his way to Izmir (Smyrna), where he wrote a letter to the Christians of
Rome that said in it: "I am afraid that your love may be harmful. If you wish to
prevent my death, that will not be difficult for you. But allow me to be slaughtered
wherever the altar has been prepared. I am wheat which must be ground, to make
bread, to be offered to Jesus Christ. Whenever the people will not behold me
anymore, I will behold our Lord Jesus Christ."
When he arrived in Rome, they threw him to the beasts. A lion attacked him and
grabbed him by his neck. The Saint delivered up his soul in the hand of the Lord. Then
the lion released him and went back to his place, and the believers came and carried
his body with great honor to a place they prepared for him in Antioch.
May his prayers be with us, and Glory be to God forever. Amen.

The Eighth Day Of The Blessed Month Of Abib
1. The Departure of St. Anba Bishoy.
2. The Martyrdom of St. Piroou and St. Athom.
3. The Martyrdom of St. Balanah, the Priest.
4. The Martyrdom of St. Epime (Pimanon).
5. The Departure of Cyrus (Karas), brother of Emperor Theodosius.
1. On this day, St. Bishoy, whose memorial is honorable, the star of the desert,
departed. He was born in a town called Shansa in Egypt, and he had six brothers. His
mother saw an angel in a vision saying to her, "The Lord says to you, give Me one of
your children to serve Me." She answered, "Lord, take whoever you want." The angel
took the hand of Anba Bishoy, who was thin and his body was frail. His mother told
the angel, "My Lord, take one who is strong to serve the Lord." "This is whom the Lord
has chosen," answered the Angel.
Later on, St. Bishoy went to the wilderness of Shiheet and became a monk by the
hand of Anba Bemwah (Bamouyah), who also ordained St. John "Yehness" the Short a
monk. St. Bishoy struggled in much asceticism and many worships that made him
worthy to see the Lord Christ. Emperor Constantine appeared to him in a vision,
saying, "Had I known how great is the honor of monks, I would have abandoned my
kingdom and became a monk." St. Bishoy told him, "You have banished the heathen
worship and exalted Christianity, and has not Christ given you anything?" Emperor
Constantine answered him, "The Lord has given me many gifts, but none of them is
like the honor of the monks."
During his days, an ascetic old man appeared in the mountain of Ansena, who was
reputed for his righteousness and to whom many people gathered. But he deviated
from the true faith and the devil lead him astray. He taught that there is no Holy
Spirit, and many were deceived by his sayings. Anba Bishoy heard about him, and he
went to him and he had with him a weaved basket with three ears. When he visited
the old man and his followers, they asked him about the reason for making three ears
for the basket. He answered, "I have a Trinity, and everything I do, is like the Trinity."
They said to him, "Then, Is there a thing called the Holy Spirit?" Then he started to
explain to them from the Holy Scriptures, from the Old and New Testaments. He
indicated to them that the Holy Spirit is One of the three Persons of the Trinity. He
convinced them, and they returned to the true faith. Then he returned to his
monastery in the wilderness of Scete (Shiheet). When the barbarians invaded the
wilderness, he left it and dwelt on Mount Ansena, where he departed. After the time
of persecution had ended, they brought his body with the body of St. Paul of Tamouh
to his monastery in the wilderness of Shiheet.
May his prayers be with us. Amen.
2. On this day also, St. Piroou and St. Athom were martyred. These two Saints were
born in the city of "Sonbat", of Christian parents who were righteous, loving works of
righteousness and charitable deeds. Their father's name was John and their mother's
was Mary. St. Piroou was blond with curled hair, tall in stature, with blue eyes. St.
Athom was tall in stature with white complexion, dark eyes and black beard. When
Piroou was thirty years old, and Athom was twenty-seven, they attended church
consistently during masses, and continued to give alms and provide shelter for
When persecution was incited against the Christians, they took some goods and went
to the town of El-Farma to trade there. They found the body of a Saint called "Noua"
with some of the soldiers. They bought the body from them with silver, placed the
body in a marbled sarcophagus in their own home. They hung an oil lamb before it,
and many miracles appeared from the body. The two saints reflected upon the vanity
of the world, and the blessings of paradise. They distributed their money among the
poor, went to Alexandria and confessed Christ before the Governor. He tortured them
by beating and whipping them until their blood poured out on the ground. They
hanged them and put fire under them. The Angel of the Lord came and brought them
down and healed their wounds. Then, the Governor sent them to El-Farma. When the
Governor of El-Farma saw their courage and the beauty of their appearance, he offered
them the worship of the idols. When they refused, he pulled out the nails of their
hands and feet. Then he put them on iron rods and lit fire under them.
During this, the wife of the Governor died, and he asked the two Saints to forgive him
for what he had done to them. They prayed to God for her and God raised her from the
dead. The Governor and every one with him believed. He released the two Saints and
they returned to their town "Sonbat". They gave the poor whatever was left of their
money. They gave the body of St. Noua to a righteous man called Sarabamon. They
asked him to hang an oil lamp before it at all times. Then, they went to the Governor
and confessed Christ. He ordered them beaten and dragged in the city until their blood
poured out on the ground. A deaf and dumb woman took some of the blood and
anointed her ears and tongue with it. Instantly she was healed. She glorified the Lord
Christ and confessed Him. The Governor ordered them all to be beheaded. They all
received the crown of martyrdom. The righteous Sarabamon, and some people from
Sonbat were present. They took the bodies of the two Saints, shrouded them, and
took them to their town. A church was built for them, where their bodies and the body
of St. Noua were placed. It was said that their bodies are now located in the church of
St. Barbara in Old Cairo.
May their prayers be with us, Amen.
3. On this day also, St. Balanah the priest, was martyred. He was from the city of
Bara, of the diocese of Sakha. When he heard of the persecution of the faithful and
the slaying of the saints, he distributed all his money to the poor and the needy. He
then went to "Antinoe" (Ansena), and confessed the Lord Christ before the governor.
He tortured St. Balanah much with different kinds of tortures until he delivered up his
soul in the hands of the Lord.
May his prayers be with us, Amen.
4. This day also, marks the martyrdom of St. Epime (Pimanon) (Bima). He was the
chief of the village of "Panokleus" of the district of El-Bahnasa. He was rich and
merciful to the poor. The Lord Christ appeared to him in a vision and told him, "Arise,
go to the Governor and confess My Name, for there you have a crown prepared for
you." When he awoke from his sleep, he distributed all his money to the poor and the
needy. Then he prayed, and went to El-Bahnasa, and confessed the Lord Christ. When
he confessed that he was the chief of the village, the Governor asked him about the
vessels of the church in his town, and offered him the worship of the idols. St. Bima
answered him saying, "I will not give you the vessels, and as for worshipping the
idols, I only worship my Lord Jesus Christ." The Governor ordered his tongue cut off,
and torture by the press and by burning. But the Lord saved and healed him.
The Governor then, sent him to Alexandria, where he was imprisoned. Julius El-Akfahsi
(the writer of the biographies of the saints) had a sister possessed with an evil spirit.
This Saint prayed for her and she was healed. The report of this miracle spread out
and many believed. The Governor became furious and he tortured the Saint with the
press and by pulling out his nails. The Lord strengthened him and healed him. When
the Governor became weary of torturing him, he sent him to Upper Egypt. There he
was beheaded, and he received the crown of martyrdom. The servants of Julius El-
Akfahsi carried his body to his town.
May his prayers be with us, Amen.
5. Today also, St. Cyrus (Karas) departed. He was the brother of Emperor Theodosius
the Great. This saint knew well the vanity of the world and its temporal nature. He
left all his possessions and went out wandering without a destination. God guided him
to the inner Western Wilderness, where he lived for many years alone, without seeing
man or beast.
There was in the wilderness of Shiheet (Scete) a holy priest called Bamwa (Pimwah)
who shrouded the body of St. Hilaria. This father longed to see one of the servants of
Christ, the hermits. The Lord helped him until he came to the inner wilderness, and he
saw many of the saints. Everyone of them told him about his name, and the reason he
came to the wilderness. But St. Pimwah asked each of them, "Is there is anyone who
lives further in the inner desert?" They answered him, "Yes." He continued to walk
until he finally arrived at St. Karas, the last one of them. St. Karas called him from
inside his cell, "Welcome, Anba Pimwah, the priest of Shiheet." Anba Pimwah entered
his cell, and after the greetings, St. Karas asked him about the news of the world, the
governors and the faithful. At night, St. Karas prayed for a long time, then he knelt to
the ground and delivered up his soul in the hands of the Lord. Anba Pimwah buried
him in his cloak, then he returned glorifying God, telling everyone about the Saint and
his strife.
May his prayers be with us and Glory be to God forever, Amen.

The Ninth Day Of The Blessed Month Of Abib
1. The Martyrdom of St. Simon Cleophas, the Apostle.
2. The Departure of St. Cladianus (Celadion), the Ninth Pope of the See of St. Mark.
1. On this day, St. Simon, the Apostle, was martyred. He was the son of Cleophas,
brother of Joseph the Just, to whom the Virgin Mary was betrothed. He received the
grace of the Holy Spirit in the Upper Room of Zion, and was ordained bishop for
Jerusalem succeeding St. James the Apostle. He converted many of the Jews to the
faith in the Lord Christ. The Lord wrought many wonders in his hands, and he urged
the people for chastity and purity. When Emperor Trajan heard about him, he brought
him, tortured him much, and then cut off his head. He was one hundred twenty years
May his prayers be with us, Amen.
2. On this day also, in the year 166 A.D. St. Cladianus (Celadion), the ninth Pope of
the See of St. Mark, departed. He was a knowledgeable man, and righteous in his life.
He was chosen Patriarch in the 8th of Tubah (January 16th, 152 A.D.), after the
departure of his predecessor Pope Marcianus. He continued to teach, preach, and
better his people, until he departed in peace after he had stayed on the Chair for
fourteen years and six months.
May his prayers be with us and Glory be to God forever, Amen.

The Tenth Day Of The Blessed Month Of Abib
1. The Martyrdom of St. Theodore, Bishop of Pentapolis.
2. The Martyrdom of St. Theodore, Bishop of Corinth, and his companions.
3. The Departure of Anba Gabriel VII, 95th Pope of Alexandria.
1. On this day, St. Theodore, Bishop of Pentapolis (Five Cities) was martyred. He was
ordained by Pope Theonas (16th) a bishop for the Five Cities (Pentapolis). One year
after his ordination, Diocletian incited the persecution against the Christians
everywhere. He appointed a prince called Pilate, governor of Africa and its provinces.
He heard that this bishop was confirming the Christians in their Christian Faith, so he
brought him and ordered him to offer a sacrifice to the idols. He replied, "I offer daily
the sacrifice for the Creator of the idols." The Governor asked him, "Is there any other
god beside Artemis and Apollo? " The Saint replied, "Yes, Jesus Christ the creator of
all things." The Governor became angry from his answer and ordered his torture. They
spent forty days torturing him by beating and crucifying him. When he did not return
from his true faith they cut off his head and he received the crown of martyrdom.
May his prayers be with us, Amen.
2. On this day also, of the year 299 A.D., St. Theodore, Bishop of Corinth, three
women, and two governors, one called Lucianus and the other Dagnanius, were
martyred. When some evil men accused the Saint before these two afore-mentioned
governors, that he was a Christian, and bishop of Corinth, the governors brought him
and asked him about his belief. He confessed that he was Christian. They tortured him
by beating and dragging him in the streets. He admonished them for their forsaking
the true God, and worshipping the hand made stones. They ordered to cut out his
tongue. They cut off his tongue and threw it away. A believing woman took it and
handed it to the Saint who placed it back in its place, and by the power of God it
healed as it was.
He started again to explain the invalidity of the worshipping of idols. Those gathered
marvelled and many of them believed as the governor Lucianus also believed.
Dagnanius the governor became enraged and he killed St. Theodore as he killed three
women who were following him as he was going to the place of execution. Shortly
after, Lucianus convinced Dagnanius and he also believed in the Lord Christ. Both
went to Cyprus, confessed the Lord Christ before its governor. He cut off their heads
and they also received the crown of martyrdom.
May his prayers be with us, Amen.
3. This day also, of the year 1561 A.D., marks the departure of the great Saint Anba
Gabriel VII, 95th Pope of Alexandria.
He was born in the area around the monastery of El-Mouharraq, and at a young age he
became a monk in the wilderness of St. Macarius. Because of his good conduct and his
great righteousness, they ordained him Patriarch after the departure of Pope John XIII
(94th Pope). That was in the year 1518 A.D. after the Ottoman conquest.
He remained in the papacy about forty-three years, preaching and teaching the flock.
Some of his important accomplishments, were the renovation of the monasteries of
Anba Antonius, and Anba Paul, the first hermit, in the Eastern desert, and the
monastery of El-Mouharraq in Upper Egypt.
Some people in authority asked him to approve things against the welfare of his flock.
The Pope chose to leave his Chair and he went to the monastery of St. Antonius, for
he desired to keep what the Lord said: "Greater love has no man than this, that a man
lay down his life for his friends." (John 15:13) The Lord examined him but he endured
thankfully, and received the blessing that the Lord gave for those persecuted for the
sake of righteousness. Then, he fell sick for a short illness, and departed in peace.
May his prayers be with us and Glory be to God forever, Amen.

The Eleventh Day Of The Blessed Month of Abib.
1. The Martyrdom of Sts. John and Simon, his cousin.
2. The Departure of St. Isaiah, the hermit.
1. On this day, Sts. John and Simon, his cousin, who were from the city of
Shoubramalas (Ziftah-Gharbiah), were martyred. The mother of St. John was barren,
and his father prayed ceaselessly to the Lord to give him a son, whom he would vow
to the Lord. He saw in a vision St. John the Baptist, who told him that the Lord would
give him a son. When this Saint was born, his father called him John, and he built a
church in the name of St. John the Baptist. When the boy grew and was twelve years
old, hisfather put him in charge of tending the sheep. John gave his food to the
shepherds, and he fasted until the evening daily. When his father heard this, he went
to him to verify that. When the boy saw him, he was afraid that his father might beat
him, and he wanted to flee. His father calmed him and asked him about his food. John
replied, "It is inside the hut." When the father went inside, he found the basket full of
hot bread. He returned and told his mother what had happened and both rejoiced for
the grace that was bestowed upon their son. They prevented their son from tending
the sheep, and handed him to one who taught him the church books.
When John became eighteen years old, they ordained him a priest. Simon, his cousin,
who was also tending to the sheep of his father, left that and became a disciple of
this Saint. God wrought many signs by the hands of St. John. When Diocletian denied
Christ and worshipped idols, Sts. John and Simon went to Alexandria. They confessed
the Lord Christ before its Governor, who tortured them much. Finally, he cut off their
heads, and they received the crown of martyrdom.
May their prayers be with us. Amen.
2. On this day also, the great saint, Anba Isaiah, who was a hermit in the wilderness
of Shiheet (Scetis), departed.
May his prayers be with us, and Glory be to God forever. Amen.

The Twelfth Day Of The Blessed Month of Abib.
1. The Commemoration of Archangel Michael.
2. The Martyrdom of St. Abba Hour El-Siriakousy.
1. On this day, the church celebrates the commemoration of the honorable Archangel
Michael, the perpetual intercessor of the human race before God the Pantocrator.
"Michael and his angels fought against the dragon; ... that serpent of old, called the
Devil and Satan, who deceives the whole world;" (Revelation 12:7-9) and crushed his
power over the Christians.
May his intercession be with us. Amen.
2. On this day also, St. Abba Hour, was martyred. He was born in Siriakous to a
father, who was an iron worker. He wished to become a martyr, so he went to El-
Farma where he confessed the Lord Christ before its Governor. He tortured him much
but the Lord comforted him and healed his wounds. The Governor was amazed when
he saw that. That governor, his wife and his children believed in the Lord Christ. They
became martyrs by the hands of another governor, who also kept on torturing the
Saint Abba Hour. When he became weary of torturing him, he sent him to Ansena,
where he was squeezed by the wheel, crucified head down, and burned by fire. Finally
they cut off his head, and he received the crown of martyrdom.
May his prayers be with us, and Glory be to God forever. Amen.

The Thirteenth Day Of The Blessed Month of Abib.
1. The Departure of St. Pisentius, Bishop of Qift.
2. The Martyrdom of St. Apamon of Toukh.
3. The Martyrdom of St. Abba Shenoute, during the Early Arab Rule.
1. On this day, the holy father, Anba Pisentius, Bishop of Qift, departed. This Saint
became a monk in his early years, devoted himself to the ascetic life, and learned the
church books. He never looked upon the face of a woman. Once a woman, who had a
serious sickness, waited until he came out of the church, and drew near him to kiss
his hand, for her belief was that she would be healed. But when he saw that she was
getting close to him, he walked faster. Since she was unable to catch him, she took a
handful of the dust upon which his feet had trodden, and placed it on the site of the
pain and she was healed.
When he was ordained a bishop, he used to see the angels fluttering their wings
around the altar while he was celebrating the Divine Liturgy. He was eloquent in his
sermons; no one became weary of listening to his teachings.
When the Lord informed him that his departure drew near, he gathered his people,
taught them, and strengthened them in the Faith. Then, he departed in peace. God
manifested many miracles from his body. His disciple took a piece of his shroud which
healed many of the sick.
May his prayers be with us. Amen.
2. On this day also, St. Apamon, was martyred. He was from the city of Toukh, the
diocese of Banha. The Angel Michael appeared to him and commanded him to go to
Ansena and confess Christ. He went and confessed the Lord Christ before Eukhius, the
governor. He tortured him much with the press (the wheel), red-hot iron bed, and by
whipping him with whips. Then he cast him in a hot water cauldron. In all that, the
Lord strengthened and raised him up sound. He was worthy for the Lord Christ to
appear to him, and promised him the Kingdom of Heaven. This Saint performed many
signs and miracles. When they cut off his head he received the crown of martyrdom.
St. Julius El-Akfahasi was present, took his body, shrouded it with costly shrouds and
sent his body with two of his men to his hometown.
May his prayers be with us. Amen.
3. This day also, marks the martyrdom of St. Shenouda. He was a righteous man,
keeping the Christian commandments. That was in the early days of the Arab conquest
of Egypt. Some of his enemies laid an accusation against him before the Moslem ruler.
He brought him and asked him to leave his faith but he refused, and proudly declared
his faith in the Lord Christ. The ruler became enraged, tortured him, and finally cut off
his head, and he received the crown of martyrdom.
May his prayers be with us, and Glory be to God forever. Amen.

The Fourteenth Day Of The Blessed Month of Abib.
1. The Martyrdom of St. Procopius (Proconius) of Jerusalem.
2. The Departure of St. Peter the Fifth, 83rd Patriarch of Alexandria.
1. On this day, of the year 303 A.D. (July 8th), St. Procopius (Proconius), was
martyred. He was born in the city of Jerusalem, his father was a Christian whose name
was Christophorus, which means "Bearer of Christ." His mother's name was Theodosia,
and she was a worshipper of idols. When his father died, Theodosia took her son, and
went to Antioch. She presented much money and expensive gifts to the Emperor
Diocletian, and asked him to make her son a governor for one of the cities. He
accepted her gift, answered her request, and appointed her son the governor of the
city of Alexandria. He commanded that Procopius torture the Christians.
When the Saint had gone a little way from the City of Antioch, he heard a voice from
heaven calling him by his name, and censured his deed. The voice also threatened him
by death because he dared and accepted to do what was against the command of
God. Procopius asked, "Who are you, O my Lord? I beseech you to show me yourself."
A cross of light appeared to him, and he heard a voice which said to him, "I am Jesus ,
the Son of the Living God, Who was crucified in Jerusalem." He was afraid and
trembled, and he turned to the city of Bit-Shaan (Bisan). He made for himself a cross
of gold like the cross that appeared to him.
On his way to Alexandria, some of the bedouins attacked him to plunder whatever he
had. But he overcame them by the cross that he had. His mother told him, "You must
offer sacrifices to the gods who delivered you from your enemies." The Saint replied,
"Rather, I will offer the sacrifice to Jesus Christ, Who helped me by the power of His
cross." When his mother heard his words, she became angry, and sent to Diocletian to
inform him about that. The Emperor sent to the Governor of Caesarea, Palestine, to
investigate the matter, and to handle his torture. When the Governor brought him,
Procopius confessed his faith in the Lord Christ. The governor beat him so severely
that he was close to death, then he cast him in prison. The Lord Christ appeared to
him, surrounded by His angels, released him from his bonds, and healed his wounds.
The next morning, the Governor asked about the Saint, and they told him that they
found him free and sound. He had him brought to the temple of the idols, where the
Governor was going to pray. When the Saint came, and the people saw him whole,
they all marvelled, and they all cried out in the name of Christ saying, "We are
Christians, and we believe in the God of Procopius." Among them were two prefects,
twelve women, and St. Theodosia, mother of St. Proconius. They cut off their heads,
and they received the crown of martyrdom. That was on the sixth day of the month of
The Governor ordered the return of the Saint to prison, until he could determine what
to do with him. He brought him back three days later and told him, "Behold, I have
waited three days for you to return to your mind, to have mercy on yourself, and to
offer sacrifice for the gods." The Saint replied, "The Lord Christ is the only true God.
As for these statues, which are made of stone and wood, they are not gods and can
neither harm nor help." The Governor became angry and ordered the soldiers to cut his
sides with swords. A swordsman, whose name was Archelaus, stretched out his hand
to cut the sides of the Saint, whereupon his hand dried up, and fell down dead. The
Governor ordered to stab him with knives and pour vinegar in his wounds. Then they
dragged him by his feet to the prison, where he stayed for three days. The Governor
was wondering what he should do with him. Then he threw him into a pit filled with
fire, but the Lord delivered him and no harm came upon him. Finally, the Governor
ordered to cut off his head and he received the crown of martyrdom.
May his prayers be with us. Amen.
2. On this day also, of the year 1064 A.M. (July 8th, 1348 A.D.), Pope Peter the Fifth,
83rd Patriarch of Alexandria, departed. He was known as Peter (Boutros) Ebn-dawoud.
He was from St. Macarius monastery, and was a priest in El-Shahraan monastery. He
was enthroned on the 6th of Tubah, 1056 A.M. (January 2nd, 1340 A.D.). All the days
of his papacy were peaceful and tranquil. He departed after staying in his Chair for
eight years, six months, and six days, and was buried in Old Cairo.
May his prayers be with us, and Glory be to God forever. Amen.
The Fifteenth Day Of The Blessed Month of Abib.
1. The Departure of St. Ephraem El-Soriani (The Syrian).
2. The Martyrdom of St. Cyriacus and St. Julietta His Mother.
3. The Martyrdom of St. Horesius (Harsios) of Soul.
1. On this day, of the year 379 A.D., the holy father, St. Ephraem (Ephraim) the
Syrian, departed. He was born in the city of Nissibis, in the beginning of the fourth
century to pagan parents, during the days of the righteous Emperor Constantine. It
happened that he met with St. James bishop of Nissibis, who preached to him and
taught him the particulars of the Christian Faith. Ephraem believed on his hands. St.
James baptized him and Ephraim stayed with him. He excelled in his worship that
surpassed his contemporaries. He debated the pagans and overcame them by the
grace that was within him. When the council of Nicea convened, he went with his
teacher St. James to attend the council.
One day, it happened that while St. Ephraem was praying, he saw a pillar of light
which extended from earth to heaven. When he marvelled at what he saw, he heard a
voice saying to him, "That what you saw is St. Basil, Bishop of Caesaria." St. Ephraem
longed to see St. Basil and he went to Caesaria. He entered the church and stood in a
corner of it. He saw St. Basil in his priestly vestments embroidered with gold. St.
Ephraim doubted the holiness of St. Basil. The Lord showed him a white dove that
alighted over St. Basil's head. God then inspired St. Basil of the presence of St.
Ephraem. St. Basil called him by his name, and St. Ephraem marvelled at how he knew
him. They greeted each other, and St. Basil ordained him a deacon.
St. Ephraem increased his asceticism, and many great virtues were manifested
through him that surpass description. Among which was that of an honorable woman,
who was ashamed to confess her sins orally to St. Basil. She wrote on a paper her
sins which she had committed since her youth, and gave it to St. Basil. When he
received it and knew what was written in it, he prayed for her. The piece of paper
became blank except for only one great sin. The woman wept, and entreated him to
pray for her that God might forgive this sin for her. St. Basil told her, "Go to the
wilderness where St. Ephraem is and he will pray for you." The woman went to him
and told him what had happened. He said to her, "I am not worthy of this honor, go
back to St. Basil for he is a high priest. Go now quickly before he departs from this
world." When the woman returned, she found that St. Basil had departed, and was
carried on  the heads of the priests. She wept, and threw the piece of paper on his
coffin. She prayed to God interceding through the saint. Then, she took the piece of
paper, and she found it completely blank.
St. Ephraem had performed many miracles. In his days, Ebn-Disan the Infidel
appeared. This father debated with him until he overcame his erroneous opinions. He
wrote many articles and discourses. When he completed his strife, he departed to the
May his prayers be with us. Amen.
2. On this day also, St. Cyriacus (Qyriacus) and St. Julietta, his mother, were
martyred. When Cyriacus was three years old, his mother left Iconium, her native
land, taking her son with her. She went to Tarsus, fleeing from the Governor that was
persecuting the Christians. However, she found the Governor there in Tarsus. Some
had laid accusation against her before the Governor. He brought her and ordered her
to worship the idols. She answered him, "What you say to me cannot be accepted by a
three year-old child." The governor said to her, "We can ask your child." God then
made the child talk, who cried out saying, "Your gods are made of stone and wood by
the hands of men, there is no other True God except my Lord Jesus Christ." Those who
heard the child were amazed, and the Governor was exposed. For that reason, he
inflicted pain over the child that surpassed his age. He also tortured his mother with
many kinds of tortures. But the Lord God delivered them safely each time. Many saw
this and believed in the Lord Jesus Christ, and received the crown of martyrdom.
Finally, the Governor ordered to cut the heads off of St. Cyriacus (Qyriacus) and St.
Julietta, his mother, and they received the crown of martyrdom.
May their prayers be with us. Amen.
3. On this day also, the honorable saint Anba Horesius of Soul, was martyred.
May his intercession be with us and Glory be to God forever. Amen.

The Sixteenth Day Of The Blessed Month of Abib.
1. The Departure of St. John, of the Golden Gospel.
2. The Recovery of the Holy Relics of St. George, the Great Martyr.
1. On this day, St. John, the owner of the Golden Gospel, departed. This saint was
born in the city of Rome. His father was a rich man whose name was Atrofius
(Trabius). His father gave him a copy of the Gospel of St. John written in letters of
gold and bound with a golden cover and from this he was generally known as "John of
the Golden Gospel." John rejoiced exceedingly with this gift. A monk, who was on his
way to Jerusalem, came to visit his father's house. John asked the monk to take him
with him. The monk told him that he was going to Jerusalem and not to the
monastery. He also told him that he was young and could not endure the rough life
that the monks practiced. Nevertheless, John was sincere in his intention, so he
embarked on a ship, without telling anyone, to the monastery of that monk. When the
Abbot saw him, he refused to accept him because of his young age, and explained to
him that the monastic life was difficult for one like him. John pleaded with him, and
when the Abbot saw his firm intention and strong conviction, he accepted him. He
shaved his head, and arrayed him in the holy garb of the monastic life. John devoted
himself to the ascetic life with many worships. The Abbot often advised him saying,
"Have pity on yourself, and do as the rest of the brethren." But John used to answer,
saying, "The power of God and your prayers support me." Seven years later, he saw in
a vision, who told him, "Rise, and go to your parents, that you might receive their
blessings before your departure from this world." This vision was repeated on three
consecutive nights, and he told the Abbot about it. The Abbot told him that this was
from God, and advised him to go to see his parents.
When he left the monastery, he found a poor man wearing ragged garments, he took
them from him, and gave him his own monk's garb. When he arrived at his father's
house, he lived for three years, near the door of the house, in a small hut made of
straw. He ate, during this time, the fragments from his father's table which the
servants threw to him. Whenever his mother passed by him, she was disgusted by his
smell and the appearance of his clothes.
When his departure drew near, the Lord made it known to him that after three days he
would depart from this world. St. John sent and called his mother. Without telling her
that he was her son, he made her swear to bury him in that hut with whatever clothes
he had on. Then, he gave her the golden Gospel and said to her, "Whenever you read
in it, remember me." When his father returned to the house, she showed him the
Gospel, and immediately he recognized that it was the Gospel of his son John. They
came in haste to St. John and asked him about the Gospel and about their son. He
asked them to assure him that they would not bury him except in the clothes that he
had on, and then he told them that he was their son. They wept with a great weeping.
When the nobles of the city of Rome heard that, they gathered to see this righteous
monk. After three days, he departed and his mother clothed him with the clothes that
she had prepared for his wedding day before he went to the monastery. Thereupon
she fell sick, and her husband remembered the oath that they had given. Immediately
he removed the clothes of his son and clothed him with the old ragged cloth that he
had on and buried him in the hut in which he had lived. Many miracles were
manifested from his body. Then they built a church in his name and placed his body in
May his prayers with us. Amen.
2. On this day also, was the arrival of the holy relics of St. George, the great martyr,
to his church in Old Cairo. A monk called Fr. Marcus, who was the hegumen and Abbot
of El-Qualamoun monastery, used to visit the villages and the cities every year to visit
the Christians. One night, while he was visiting someone in one of the villages he
used to visit, he saw St. George (Gawargios) in a vision, who told him, "Take my body
from the woman that will be coming to you tomorrow, and place it in my church that is
in Old Cairo."
On the next day, a woman came to him and told him that she had a box that her
father had brought before his death from the church of St. George in Palestine. This
fulfilled the vision, and he went with her and examined the box. Then, he went to
Pope Gabrial, 88th Pope, and told him about the vision and the box. Immediately the
Pope rose up and took with him the priests and the deacons, and went to where the
box was. After they took the blessings of the holy relics and gave some money to the
woman, they carried the box in a venerable celebration. They brought it to the church
of St. George in Old Cairo where many signs were manifested from it.
May his prayers be with us and Glory be to God forever. Amen.

The Seventeenth Day Of The Blessed Month of Abib.
The Martyrdom of St. Euphemia
On this day, St. Euphemia, was martyred. When Barsiros (Briskos), one of the
deputies of Diocletian, was passing down the road, there were with him some of the
saints with iron chains round their necks like dogs. This saint saw them and her heart
waxed hot. She was sorry for them and she wept. Then, she cursed the Emperor, his
idols, and admonished the Governor saying, "O you whose heart is like a stone, do
you not have compassion on these holy men! or are you not afraid that their God
might destroy you?" The Governor became enraged and informed the Emperor about
what she had done and said. The Emperor brought her and asked her about her belief.
She confessed that she was Christian. He tortured her severely by beating and burning
until she delivered up her pure soul in the hand of the Lord.
May her prayers be with us and Glory be to God forever. Amen.

  • The Eighteenth Day Of The Blessed Month of Abib.
The Martyrdom of St. James the Apostle, Bishop of Jerusalem
On this day, St. James the Apostle, Bishop of Jerusalem, who was the son of
Alphaeus, was martyred. (Mat. 10:3) The Holy Bible mentioned his brothers, Joses,
Simon, and Judas, the sons of Cleophas. (Mat. 13:55) The Greek word "Cleophas"
means in the Syriac language "Alphaeus". His mother, the sister of the Virgin, was
also called Mary and was the wife of Cleophas. (John 19:25) When he grew up he was
known as James the Just. For there was a drought in Palestine and he prayed to God,
Who sent the rain and watered the land, as Josephus, the Jewish historian, testified.
He was called James the Less, to identify him from St. James the son of Zebedee, and
the brother of St. John the beloved.
It was said that the Lord had appointed him bishop of Jerusalem when he appeared to
him. "After that He was seen by James, then by all the apostles." (I Cor. 15:7) He was
called the head of the church in Jerusalem for it was the mother church and from it the
Good News had spread to the other churches. He wrote a liturgy, with which the
Armenians still pray.
During his time and in the year 53 A.D. a Council of the Apostles and priests convened
in Jerusalem and St. James presided over it. During this Council St. James said,
"Therefore I judge that we should not trouble those from among the Gentiles who are
turning to God, "but that we write to them to abstain from things polluted by idols,
from sexual immorality, from things strangled, and from blood ... " (Acts 15:19-21) St.
James preached and taught the Name of the Lord Christ, brought many back to the
faith, and baptized them. God wrought by his hands many signs and wonders.
One day, many of the Jews came to him and asked him to tell them about the Lord
Christ. They thought that he would tell them that Jesus was his brother. St. James
went up to the pulpit, and began to explain to them the Godhead of the Lord Christ,
His eternal existence, and His equality with God the Father. When they heard this
they were wrath with him, they dragged him down, and beat him severely. One of
them beat the apostle on the head with an iron rod, and he delivered up his soul
It was said about this Saint, that he never drank wine, and never wore clothes, but
always wore a linen loin-cloth, and that he kneeled so often during his worship and
praying that his feet and knees became wollen, and the skin of his knees became like
that of the camels.
May his prayers be with us and Glory be to God forever. Amen.

  • The Nineteenth Day Of The Blessed Month of Abib.
1. The Martyrdom of Sts. Bidaba, Bishop of Qift, Anba Andrew, and Anba
2. The Martyrdom of St. Pantaleemon, the Physician.
3. The Departure of Pope Youanis X, 85th Patriarch of Alexandria.

19-1. On this day, of the year 284 A.M., which is the fi
rst year of the martyrs, the
great saint Anba Bidaba, and his companion, the priest Andrew, his nephew, and St.
Christodoulas, were martyred. Anba Bidaba, who was known by El-Gawhary, was
bishop of the city of Qift, in Upper Egypt, during the days of the governor Arianus, and
the reign of Emperor Diocletian.
This great saint was born in the city of Armant to Christian parents who raised him
since his young age in a Christian manner. His mother's sister had a son, called him
Andrew and raised him in a Christian way. Andrew and his cousin Bidaba liked each
other and decided to forsake the world. They eagerly read the Bible and religious
books, they widened their comprehension and they became the authority of their
times in piety and godliness. When Bidaba was ten years old he had memorized most
of the religious books and spiritual teachings. They fasted two days at a time without
food or water and when they ate, they only ate bread and salt, accompanied by
fervent prayers day and night.
One day while they were thinking about the vanity of this world, they decided to leave
their families and live lives of seclusion in a deserted place. They went to the Eastern
mount where they found Anba Eisak. This saint comforted and strengthened them to
endure the hardships to receive the Eternal Life.Anba Eisak blessed them and
commanded them to go to another place where they could live a life of solitude and
spend all their time in worship. Then he told Anba Bidaba, "O, my son you shall
shepherd the flock of Christ, many toils, tribulations and great persecutions will befall
you." He told Andrew, "You also shall receive a crown, after your strife, that has been
prepared for you."
They left Anba Eisak and went to the western side and built for themselves a cell.
They had full knowledge and excellent skills in transcribing the holy books. They did
that for little money to support their life and donated whatever was left to the poor
and the needy. The bishop of this district came, once he heard about them, and
ordained Anba Bidaba a priest and Andrew a deacon. They went to a church in one of
the nearby cities once every forty days to celebrate the Divine Liturgy. One day they
went to the church, and found the bishop there so Anba Bidaba stood in reverence and
respect for the bishop. The bishop was sitting on his chair looking at St. Bidaba, and
he was amazed to see the face of the Saint shining as the moon, and light emanating
from him and on his head was a crown of gold decorated with precious stones. The
bishop asked them to bring this saint and his companion Andrew.
When they came to see him, he asked them to stay with him, but Anba Bidaba
refused, preferring to live in the barren desert than live under the care of the bishop.
Nevertheless, St. Andrew accepted to stay under the care of the bishop. Anba Bidaba
returned to his cell weeping and saying, "I ask you O my Lord Christ to consecrate
that place for Thy self that Your Name might be mentioned in it for ever." Then he left
that place and went to another area further away. A few days later the bishop sent a
messenger to the cell seeking the Saint but he did not find him. The bishop built a
church in the name of this saint in that place and consecrated it on the thirteenth day
of the month of Kiahk. As for St. Bidaba, he went to the church taking a different way
to pray. Many signs and miracles were wrought by his hands, and he increased in
grace and blessing.
When his fame spread, and his name was acclaimed, many came to him and he healed
their spiritual and physical sicknesses. The people asked the bishop Anba Tadros
saying, "We ask you O our father to bring for us Anba Bidaba to be blessed by him
and to stay among us for a period of time." The bishop did as they asked.
When Anba Bidaba came to the city of Bahgourah, district of Nagaa-Hammady, there
was a man, whose name was John, who had only one daughter, who was attractive.
His neighbors were furious against him, and used sorcery against her, for they asked
her father to give her in marriage to one of their sons, but he refused. But, the Saint
Anba Bidaba prayed for her, and she became as normal as she had been, and God
nullified the witchcraft away from her. When her family saw their daughter healed by
the hand of that saint, they came and kneeled before him, and kissed his hands
thanking him for his act. The Saint told them, "Thank God and praise Him, for the
grace that healed your daughter was not from me." They left him rejoicing.
When it was Sunday and the people were gathered in the church, they brought the
Saint to the bishop who promoted him to Hegumen (Archpriest). He stayed with the
bishop for nine days then went back to the mountain. Later on, the bishop of Qift
departed, so the people of the area gathered and unanimously decided to nominate
Abba Bidaba to be ordained in his place. They decided to go to Pope Peter the First
(The seal of martyrs and the 17th Patriarch) to ordain him a bishop for them. The
angel of the Lord appeared to the Pope in a vision and told him, "Go to Upper Egypt
and bring the Archpriest Bidaba and ordain him a bishop for the city of Qift, for the
Lord has chosen him." Early next morning the delegations of the believers came asking
to ordain the honorable father Bidaba a bishop. The Pope sent four priests with a
letter to the Saint. When they arrived, he received the letter from them and read in it,
"It is written in the Holy Bible whoever hears from you, heard from Me, and whoever
refuses you, refused Me." St. Bidaba cried bitterly and said, "Woe to me the poor
sinner for the Devil wishes my perishing." Then he prayed saying, "Let it be according
to Your Will, O Lord, and not according to mine, for You know that I am weak,
powerless, and incapable of handling this position."
The messengers of the Pope embarked with him to the Pope. The Pope asked the
people of the parish, "Who do you chose to be a bishop over you." They unanimously
answered saying, "Abba Bidaba, for he is worthy for this honorable ministry." The Pope
ordained him a bishop for the diocese of Qift. While he was laying his hand over his
head, a voice from heaven said, "Worthy, worthy, worthy O Bidaba to receive this
position." He remained with the Pope for a few days, during which he celebrated the
Divine Liturgy. Whenever he placed his hand over the chalice to make the sign of the
cross, the wine changed to blood. The Pope was amazed and looked at the saint and
said, "Truly you are chosen from God." He asked the Pope to allow him to go to his
parish. He embarked in a sailing boat, which had a handicapped man, that did not
walk for twenty-two years. While he was getting aboard the boat the saint's leg
slipped and stepped over the leg of that handicapped man. The man's legs were
healed and he jumped up immediately praising God. All those in the ship praised God
and asked the saint to remember them in his prayers and to bless them.
Many miracles were wrought by his hands during his journey. When they arrived safely
at their hometown, the people of the parish went out with candles, crosses, censers,
olive branches and palm branches, in their hands to receive him. They took him in a
procession until they entered the church and he sat on his Episcopal Chair. He lived in
asceticism, as he had lived before, praying continually day and night. His food was
bread and salt and his dress was a cloth of hair. He performed many signs and
When Emperor Diocletian incited persecution against the Christians, governor Arianus
came to upper Egypt, and seized the Christians. He threw them in prisons, and
tortured them severely, along his way until he arrived at Esna. When the saint Anba
Bidaba knew of that, he was kindled with a spiritual zeal and said, "Is it right for me
to remain here, and my brothers, the Christians facing unbearable tortures? No, I must
go there and die with them as a sacrifice of faith." He called the people and
celebrated a pontifical Liturgy and after he administered to them the Holy Mysteries,
he preached to them saying, "We must not be afraid to be martyred in the Name of
the Lord Christ, not be afraid of hot fire, arrows or spears, and swords drawn against
our necks. As also you need to be merciful to the poor, comfort the grieved, be
vigilant in your prayers and fasting for they are your aid by which you can overcome
obstacles and cast out the devil that weaken your faith in the Lord Christ." The bishop
preached and strengthened his people, and after he made the sign of the holy cross
over them, blessed them and bid them farewell saying, "I shall go to be martyred by
the hand of Arianus the governor." The people cried and wept for his departure, but he
comforted and strengthened them.
Afterwards, he left them and went to the city of Esna, accompanied by the blessed Fr.
Andrew and Anba Christodoulas. The bishop Anba Bidaba looked at them and said,
"Where are you going?" They replied, "We are going with you to die for our love of
Christ." The bishop looked at them and saw the grace of God had come down upon
them and their faces shining like the moon. He strengthened and commanded them to
be steadfast in their faith in Christ. He told them, "On this night I saw in a vision an
angel who had with him three crowns and I asked him to whom did these belong? He
said one for you, one for your cousin, and one for Christodoulas, so let us go to Esna."
When they arrived at Esna, they saw a multitude of Christians, bishops, priests,
deacons, and believers, being tortured. The governor brought them and ordered them
to raise incense for the gods, but they cried saying, "We are Christians and we do not
fear you, O infidel governor. We do not worship these defiled gods that were made by
human hands. Our God that we worship, is in heaven, the creator of everything with
the Word of His might, visible and invisible, to Whom is the Glory, Honor, and
Worship with His good Father and the Holy Spirit, now and forever and unto the age of
ages, Amen." When the Governor heard their words and saw their steadfastness, he
ordered to cut their heads off with the sword.
During that time, Anba Bidaba was standing, watching the Christians being tortured,
and he saw angels coming down from heaven, and in their hands, crowns of light for
the heads of those who were martyred, and raising them to the heaven with great
honor and glory. The Bishop and his companions went forward and cried out saying,
"We are Christians, and we believe in Jesus Christ the Lord of all creatures and the
God of every power." The Governor asked them, "From where are you?" Then he asked
the bishop about his name. The Bishop replied, "I am the lowly Bidaba." The Governor
said, "I think you are the bishop of this land, but I am amazed at how you could dare
to say these words. Did you not dread my retaliation and fear my authority and
majesty? Have you not seen the torture that has been prepared for those who confess
that Name?" The Saint answered courageously and said, "Have you not heard the
saying of the Book by the mouth of Lord Jesus Christ, 'Therefore whoever confesses
Me before men, him I will also confess before My Father who is in heaven. But
whoever denies Me before men, him I will also deny before My Father who is in
heaven.' (Mat. 10:32-33) Because of this promise, we confess Our Lord Jesus Christ to
the utter most breath." The Governor tried, by promising him money and position once
and then threatening him in other time, to change his council and his faith in the Lord
Christ, and when he failed, he ordered that the Saint be imprisoned in one of the
prisons. When the saints in prison saw him, they saluted him and said, "Would you
vanquish for us this governor, for you have been given the victory from the Lord of
hosts." While they were talking about the greatness and goodness of God, the
Archangel Michael appeared to the Bishop and said, "Hail to you O honored one, let
your soul rejoice today for God has accepted all your toil, asceticism, and struggle for
the sake of faith. You shall receive three crowns: the first, for your worship and
asceticism since your young age, the second, for shepherding the flock on the straight
path, and the third, for your martyrdom. You shall be crowned with these crowns with
glory and honor to receive the heavenly glories." The angel ascended, and the Saint
stood and prayed saying, "Hear me O Father the Pantocrator, may my petition rise
before You, and You smell it as a sweet incense that pleases You, I ask You O father
for Thy people and saints who do mercy for the poor, and accept my soul in Your
hands that I may receive the heavenly glories, for to You is the Glory, Honor, and
Worship with Your Good Father and the Holy Spirit, forever. Amen."
When he finished his petition he saw the Lord our Savior and around Him the angels
coming to comfort him, saying, "My consolation O beloved Bidaba, I am with you."
Then the magnificent procession ascended to heaven. On the next morning, the
governor ordered all the prisoners brought to the place where the people of the city
gathered. When they saw the saints they cried saying, "We are Christians and we
believe in one God, the God of Anba Bidaba." The governor became enraged and
brought the Saint and those who were with him and ordered their heads cut off. The
blood flowed like streams. The skies were filled by the pure angels welcoming the
spirits of those righteous saints. St. Bidaba, St. Andrew, and St. Christodoulas
received the crown of eternal life.
May their blessings be with us. Amen.
19-2. This day also marks the martyrdom of the honorable St. Pantaleemon, the
Physician. This saint was born in the city of Ta'madan. His father, whose name was
Astochius (Asturius), was pagan, and his mother, whose name was Unala (Ulana), was
Christian. They taught him the medical profession. A priest lived near their house, and
every time Pantaleemon passed by him, and the priest saw his stature, his
comeliness, his knowledge, and his wisdom, he was sorrowful for him for he was away
from God. The priest entreated God in his prayers, to guide Pantaleemon to the way of
salvation. Having repeated his petition to God for Pantaleemon's sake, the Lord told
him in a vision that he would believe through him. The priest rejoiced, and started to
speak to him whenever he passed before him, until a friendship grew between them.
The priest started to explain to him the corruptness of idol worshipping and the
nobility of the Faith of the Lord Christ and the noble life of its followers. He also told
him about those who believe in Christ, and the signs and wonders wrought by their
When Pantaleemon, the Physician, heard that, he rejoiced and desired to perform
these signs to perfect his medical profession. One day, he was passing through the
market-place of the city, and he saw a man, whom a serpent had bitten, lying on the
ground and the serpent was standing up before him. He said to himself, "I will put to
test the words of my teacher, the priest, who told me, 'If you believe in the Lord
Christ, you shall work miracles in His Name.'" He drew near that man, and prayed a
long prayer, asking the Lord Christ to manifest His Power in healing that man, and in
killing that serpent, so that it might not harm anyone else. When he finished his
prayer, the man rose up alive, and the serpent fell down dead. Pantaleemon's faith
increased; he went to the priest, who baptized him, and he went on practicing
One day a blind man came to Pantaleemon that he might heal him, but his father sent
him away. The Saint asked him, " Who was asking for me?" His father replied, "It was
a blind man, and you can not heal him." The Saint told him, "You shall see the glory of
God." He called the blind man back, and asked him, "If you can see will you believe in
the God Who shall heal your eyes?" The man said, "Yes, I will believe." The Saint
prayed over him a long and a profound prayer, and then he laid his hand upon the
eyes of the blind man, and said, "In the Name of the Lord Christ receive your sight."
Straightway, he received his sight and believed in the Lord Christ. When his father
saw that, he also believed. The saint brought them to the priest who baptized them.
When his father departed, the Saint set his slaves free and gave all his money to the
poor. He treated the sick freely, and asked them to believe in Christ. The other
physicians were jealous of him, and they laid accusation against him, the priest and
many others who had believed, before the Emperor. He brought them and threatened
to torture them if they did not deny the Lord Christ. When they did not yield to his
threats, he tortured them severely then cut off their heads. The Emperor exaggerated
in torturing St. Pantaleemon, he cast him to the lions which did not harm him, and the
Lord strengthened and healed him. Finally, the Emperor ordered to cut off his head
and he received the crown of martyrdom.
May his prayers be with us. Amen.
19-3. On this day also, of the year 1085 A.M. (July 13th, 1369 A.D.) Pope Youanis
85th Patriarch of Alexandria, departed. He was known by El-Mo'ataman the Syrian,
and he was from Damascus, Syria. He was a righteous and knowledgeable man. He
was enthroned on the twelfth of Bashans, 1079 A.M. (May 7th, 1363 A.D.). He
remained on the throne for six years, two months, and seven days. He departed in
peace and was buried in Old Cairo beside Simon the shoe maker.
May his prayers be with us and Glory be to God forever. Amen.

  • The Twentieth Day Of The Blessed Month of Abib.
The Martyrdom of St. Theodore of Shotep
On this day, of the year 220 A.D., St. Theodore of Shotep was martyred. His father's
name was John and he was from the city of Shotep in Upper Egypt. He went with his
regiment to the city of Antioch, where he married the daughter of a pagan noble man,
and begot by her this St. Theodore. When his mother wanted to present him to the
house of idols to be educated there, his father refused. She became angry, drove him
away, and the child remained with his mother. His father John prayed ceaselessly, and
entreated God to guide his son Theodore to the path of salvation. The child grew up,
and learned philosophy, wisdom, and literature. The Lord Christ illuminated his heart,
and Theodore went to a righteous bishop who baptized him. When his mother heard of
this she was sorrowed greatly, but the Saint did not mind her.
He joined the army and advanced in the ranks until he became one of the great
generals during the reign of Emperor Lucianus. The people of the city of Eukhitos
worshipped a great serpent, and offered to him a human sacrifice every year. While St.
Theodore was passing through this district, he saw a woman crying bitterly. He asked
her about the reason for her crying. She answered him saying, "I am a widow and they
have taken my two sons to offer them as a sacrifice to the serpent, although I am
Christian." He said to himself, "They have wronged this woman, but God shall avenge
her." He came down from his horse, and turned his face towards the East and prayed,
then drew near the serpent. The people of the city were watching him from the tops of
the walls of the city. The serpent was fourteen cubits long, but God gave him power
over it, and he speared it with his spear and killed it, and delivered the sons of the
After this, Theodore came to Egypt to search for his father, and he stayed with him
until he died, and then returned to Antioch. He found that the Emperor had
apostatized the faith and started to persecute the Christians. He came before him and
confessed the Lord Christ. The Emperor ordered him beaten with rods, burned, and
cast into the fire. He delivered up his soul and received the crown of martyrdom. A
Christian woman took his body - it was said that she was his mother - after she gave
much money to the soldiers and hid his body until the end of the time of persecution.
Churches were built in his name in many cities.
May his prayers be with us and Glory be to God forever. Amen.

  • The Twenty-First Day of the Blessed Month of Abib
1. The Commemoration of the Lady, the Virgin Mary.
2. The Departure of St. Sisinnios (Sosenius), the Eunich.

21-1. On this day, is the commemoration of the Virgin
Lady, St. Mary, the mother of
the Savior of the world, the great shelter, and the inexhaustible treasure.
May her intercession be with us. Amen.
21-2. On this day also, St. Sisinnios (Sosenius), the Eunich, departed. He was one
the men in the palace of Emperor Theodosius. He was full of grace and wisdom,
and his compassion was great. When the third Ecumenical Council convened in
Ephesus to judge Nestorius, this saint ministered to St. Cyril (Kyrillos) the Great, and
the rest of the holy members of the council. He fell ill and St. Cyril prayed to God for
his sake, and St. Sisinnios was healed from his sickness. He gave all his money to the
poor and the needy, then departed in peace. St. Cyril prayed over him, and arranged
an annual commemoration for him on this day.
May his prayers be with us and Glory be to God forever. Amen.

  • The Twenty-Second Day of the Blessed Month of Abib
1. The Commemoration of the Martyrdom of St. Macarius, the Son of Basilides
(Wasilides) the Minister.
2. The Commemoration of the Martyrdom of St. Leontius of Tripoli (Lawendius).

22-1. On this day, the great St. Macarius, the son of Basilidis the Chancellor, was
martyred. When themessengers reviewed the order of Emperor Diocletian, which
dictates the worship of idols, with Macarius, he did not heed them. When the Emperor
knew that, he sent Macarius to the governor of Alexandria. He bid farewell to his
mother, and asked her to care for the poor and the needy, then he went with the
envoy. The Lord Christ appeared to him in a vision, encouraged him, and told him
what would happen to him. When he arrived to the city of Alexandria, he stood before
Armanius the governor, who deceitfully treated him well because he knew that he was
the son of Basilidis the Chancellor. When Macarius did not change his counsel, the
governor tortured him with all kinds of torture. While he was being tortured, his soul
was taken up to heaven and he saw the habitations of the saints. Afterwards, the
governor sent him to Nikios where he was tortured again. They cut off his tongue and
arms and placed hot nails in his sides. God wrought many miracles on his hands.
Among these was a procession, in which a dead man passed by him. The saint asked
the Lord Christ to reveal His glory, and the man rose from the dead instantly. The man
told the people around him of what he saw in Hades, and that Christ is the Lord of all.
Many believed, and they were beheaded and received the crown of martyrdom.
It happened that Arianus the governor of Antinoe (Ansena) was present in Alexandria,
who took the saint with him on his way back to Ansena. When he arrived in Shatanouf
(Setnuf, Pshati), the ship stopped and they could not move it again. The governor
ordered the soldiers to disembark the saint, where they cut-off his head. Thus, he
finished his strife and received the crown of martyrdom. When the righteous emperor
Constantine reigned, he sent the commander Eulogius with an order to open the
churches, renovate the fallen ones, and to destroy the pagan temples. The Saint
appeared to him in a vision and told him about the place of his body. He went to the
place and brought out the body, built a church after his name, and placed the body in
it. God performed many miracles through the body of St. Macarius.
May his prayers be with us, Amen.
22-2. Also on this day, St. Leontius of Tripoli (Lawendius), was martyred. He was
in Tripoli to Christian parents. He was handsome, perfect in his conduct, and
gentle in his relationships. He read continuously the Holy Scriptures, especially the
book of Psalms until he memorized it. When he enlisted in the army, he preached to
his fellow soldiers, and demonstrated to them the corruption of idol worshipping. He
advised them to refrain from its worship, some of them followed his advice while
others were enticed by the devil and informed the commander that Leontius despised
the idols, and was preaching that Christ was the true God.
The commander brought him to investigate the matter. The Saint answered the
commander with the saying of St. Paul: "Who shall separate us from the love of
Christ? Shall tribulation, or distress, or persecution, or famine, or nakedness, or peril
or sword?" (Romans 8:35)
The commander became enraged, and he threw the saint in prison. The next day, he
brought him back, and asked him, "With what power do you dare to disobey the
Emperor, and to drive the people away from worshipping the gods?" The Saint
answered, "Truly I desire that all people come to the obedience of Christ. You too will
inherit the Eternal Kingdom, if you abandon your error, and worship Christ." The
commander ordered him to be beaten until his blood poured out on the ground, while
the saint was praising God and glorifying His name. One of the soldiers sympathized
with him, and came close to him, saying, "I greatly sympathize with you, therefore I
want you to sacrifice to the gods, so you will be pardoned." The Saint cried out at him
saying, "Go away from me Satan." The commander increased his torture until he
delivered up his pure spirit while he was in prison.
A rich believing woman came, gave money to the soldiers and to the prison guard, and
took the body. She wrapped it in a golden shroud, and put him in a coffin inside her
home, until the end of the time of persecution.
May his prayers be with us and Glory be to God forever, Amen.

  • The Twenty-Third Day of the Blessed Month of Abib
1. The Martyrdom of St. Longinus the Soldier.
2. The Martyrdom of St. Marina, of Antioch.

23-1. On this day, St. Longinus the Soldier, was martyred. He was Greek by
from one of the countries of Cappadocia. When Tiberius Caesar reigned,
and appointed Pilate governor of the land of Judah, Longinus was one of the soldiers
that accompanied him.
When the time arrived that Our Lord wished to save the creation, Longinus was one of
the soldiers that were in charge of crucifying the Lord of Glory. It happened that after
the Lord had delivered up His soul, Longinus pierced His side with a spear, and blood
and water flowed from His Side. Longinus marvelled exceedingly when he saw this,
and his amazement increased when he saw that the sun became dark, the curtain of
the Temple was rent, the rocks were split, and that the dead rose up from the tombs.
He believed and realized all the miracles which Our Lord performed from His Birth to
His Crucifixion. When the righteous Joseph took the body of the Savior, shrouded Him,
and laid it in the sepulcher, this Saint was standing there with the guards when they
sealed the tomb.
When Our Lord rose from the sealed tomb, Longinus was perplexed, and he asked God
to explain to him this mystery. Our Lord sent to him the Apostle Peter, who told him
everything which had been prophesied concerning the Redeemer. He believed,
abandoned the military service, went back to his country, and preached the Name of
When Pilate heard about this, he wrote to Tiberius about him, who ordered his head
cut off, and thus he received the crown of martyrdom.
May his prayers be with us, Amen.
23-2. On this day also, is the commemoration of the martyrdom of the blessed St.
Marina, who overcame the Devil. She was one of the daughters of the nobles of
Antioch. Her parents were pagan. When her mother died, her father sent her to a
nanny to raise her, who was a Christian. She taught Marina the Faith of Christ. When
Marina reached the age of fifteen years, her father died. One day she heard her nurse
talking about the biography of the martyrs and what glory they receive in the Kingdom
of  Heaven. She longed to become a martyr in the Name of the Lord Christ. One day
St. Marina went out of her house with her maiden servants, and on her way she
passed by Lopharius Ebrotus, the governor, who admired her much when he saw her.
He ordered her brought to him. When the soldiers came to her, she told them that she
was Christian. In turn, when they told the governor this, he was distressed for he
liked her, and he had her brought to him by force. He offered her the worship of the
idols and asked her to forsake God, but she refused. Then he asked her, "What is your
name? and from where are you?" She told him, "I am Christian. I believe in the Lord
Christ, and my name is Marina." He tried to persuade her by many promises and
promised to marry her, but she did not heed him. When she cursed and insulted him,
he ordered her body scraped with iron combs, then rubbed with vinegar, salt and lime,
which they did. Nevertheless, she endured with patience. They cast her in prison,
thinking that she was about to die. Immediately the angel of the Lord came, and
healed all her wounds. While she was standing up praying, and her hands were
extended in the form of a cross, a huge and terrifying serpent came forth. When she
saw it she was frightened and her whole body trembled. The serpent swallowed her
up, and her soul almost departed from her. She made the sign of the cross and prayed
while she was in the belly of the serpent. It split open and fell on the ground dead.
St. Marina went out unharmed.
The next morning, the governor ordered her brought to him. When he saw that she
was well, he marvelled much, and told her, "Marina, your sorcery has become evident
today, so listen to me.Worship the gods and much good would be for you, and I will
give you all that I have promised you." She looked to him and to the dumb idols with
contempt and said, "I worship the Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of the Living God, the
God of heavens and earth, and whatever you wish to do with me, do, for I will not
heed you." The governor ordered her hanged on the wheel, the squeezing wheel, and
squeezed very tightly. They did so, then cast her in prison. The angel of the Lord came
to her, and healed her. Then the Devil appeared to her and said, "O Marina, if you
obey the governor that would be for your good for he is merciless, and he wishes to
erase your name from the face of the earth." She realized that he was the Devil.
Straightway she caught the hair of his head, and she took an iron rod and started to
beat him, saying, "Stop it O Satan." Then she bound him with the sign of the cross,
not to depart from before her until he told her all about what he does to the human
race. When she pressed him, he told her, "I am the one who makes adultery, stealing,
blasphemy, and earthly desires, good and desirable to the human. And if I do not
overcome him, I steer sleep and laziness against him, so he will not pray and ask for
the forgiveness of his sins." The Saint straightway expelled him.
When the governor saw her he marvelled much, then he ordered to uncover her body,
and to fill a large cauldron with melted lead, and to immerse her in it. When they did
so, she asked the Lord to make this a baptism for her. The Lord sent his angel in the
form of a dove. She immersed while saying, "In the Name of the Father, and the Son,
and the Holy Spirit, one God Amen." A voice from heaven called her and said, "O
Marina you have been baptized in the baptismal water." She rejoiced exceedingly, and
those who were present heard what had happened to the saint. Many of them
believed, and the governor ordered to cut off their necks, and afterwards ordered to
cut off St. Marina's holy head. The executioner took her and went outside the city,
then told her, "My lady Marina, I see the angel of the Lord and with him a crown of
bright light." She said, "I ask you to tarry on me until I have prayed." She extended
her arms and prayed fervently, then told the executioner, "Do what you have been
ordered to do." She bowed her neck to the executioner who told her, "I could not do
so." The saint told him, "If you do not do so, you would not have a share in the
Kingdom of God." When he heard what she said, he took the sword and cut her neck
off then he cut his neck also while he was saying, "I believe in the God of St. Marina."
He fell down beside her and he received the crown of martyrdom in the Kingdom of
Heaven. The Lord had manifested from her body many signs and healing miracles. Her
body is presently located in the church of the Lady the Virgin Mary in Haret El-Roum.
May her prayers and intercession be with us and Glory be to God forever. Amen

  • The Twenty-Fourth Day of the Blessed Month of Abib
1. The Martyrdom of St. Apanoub.
2. The Departure of St. Simeon the First, 42nd Pope of Alexandria.

24-1. On this day, St. Apanoub (Abba Nob) was martyred. He was born in the city
Nehisa (District of Talkha). His parents were pure and merciful and they reared him
in the fear of God. When Diocletian incited the persecution against the Christian, St.
Apanoub was twelve years old, and he desired to shed his blood for the Name of
One day he went to the church, and he heard the priest teaching the believers,
strengthening them in the Faith, warning them from worshipping the idols, and
encouraging them to deliver themselves over to death for the sake of the Lord Christ.
He returned to his house, and set before him all what his father had left him of gold,
silver, and apparels and told himself it is written, "The world is passing away, and the
lust of it." (I John 2:17) Straightway he rose up, and gave all his money to the poor
and needy, then went to Samanoud, walking along the river bank. He confessed the
Name of the Lord Christ before Lucianus the governor, who tortured him severely.
Then he hung him up upon the mast of his ship head downwards. The governor sat
down to eat and to drink, and the vessel which was in his hand became a stone. The
angel of the Lord came down from heaven, released the saint, and wiped up the blood
that was running down from his nose and mouth. The governor and his soldiers were
greatly disturbed. Strong winds blew, that made the ship to sail fast to Athribis. When
they arrived, the soldiers unfastened their belts, and cast them before the governor,
then confessed the Lord Christ and they received the crown of martyrdom.
The governor of Athribis tortured St. Apanoub (Abba Nob) severely, then sent him to
the city of Alexandria. There, he was tortured until he delivered up his pure soul and
received the crown of martyrdom. St. Julius El-Akfahsi was present, he wrote the
biography of St. Apanoub, took his body and sent it with some of his men to his
hometown Nehisa.
Many churches were built in his name. Many signs and miracles were manifested from
his body which is now located in his church in the city of Samnanoud.
May his prayers be with us. Amen.
24-2. On this day also, of the year 416 A.M. St. Simeon the First, 42nd Pope of
Alexandria, departed. This Pope was Syrian in nationality, and his parents brought him
to El-Zugag monastery, west of the city of Alexandria, wherein is the body of St.
Severus, the Antiochian. He became a monk there, and he learned to read and to
write, and he learned by heart the books of the Church. Pope Agathon ordained him a
priest. When his virtues and knowledge became well known, they elected him for the
patriarchate. He was ordained a patriarch in 23rd of Kiahk, of the year 409 A.M.
(December 19, year 692 A.D.).
He called his spiritual guide and delegated to him the management of the affairs of
the patriarchate. He devoted himself to fasting, praying, and reading the Scriptures.
He ate only bread, salt and cumin, and uncooked legumes, until he made the spirit of
lust subjected to his rational and understanding soul. God wrought great signs and
miracles by his hands, among which were the following: Some of the priests of the city
of Alexandria, were resentful of him, and they plotted to kill him. They went to a
magician who prepared a deadly poison for them and he gave it to them in a bottle. In
turn they gave it to the Pope as if it was a medicine to use and bless them. Pope
Simeon drank that drink after he had received the Holy Mysteries and no harm came to
him. As they failed in their scheme, they worked up another deadly poison in some of
the figs. Then they deceived the appointed one to prepare the Korban from making it
that night, so the Pope would not be able to celebrate the Divine Liturgy and receive
the Holy Mysteries. They went to the Pope in the morning and gave him the figs as a
present. They pressed him until he ate some of the figs, which made him ill, and he
was bed-redden for forty days. When the Khalifah Abdel-Aziz came to Alexandria, the
Pope could not go out to welcome him. The Khalifa asked about the Patriarch, the
Christian scribes told him what had happened. He ordered to burn the priests and the
magician. The Pope besought the Khalifa with tears to have mercy on them. The
Khalifa marvelled at his gentleness and compassion, then he pardoned the priests and
burned the magician.
Since that time he increased in reverence and respect in the sight of the Khalifa, who
allowed him to build churches and monasteries. He built two monasteries at Helwan,
south of Cairo. This Pope appointed a priest whose name was Mina, to administer all
the properties of the church, to take care of its funds, endowments, sacred vessels
and books. Nevertheless, Mina mishandled his duties, to the point that he had denied
what he had from the church's funds. Fr. Mina fell ill and was not able to talk. When
Pope Simeon heard that, he was sorry and asked the Lord to heal him, lest the
properties of the church's be lost. The Pope sent one of his disciples to the wife of
that priest to ask her about the properties of the church. When he drew near to the
house, he heard the crying and weeping, and he was informed that the priest had
died. He went in and bowed his head to kiss him in salutation to his priesthood.
Straightway, the dead man rose, sat up and talked, thanking the Lord Christ, and
confessing that the prayers of St. Simeon on his behalf had raised him up from the
dead. The priest came hastily to the Pope repenting and weeping, and returned all
that he had from the church's funds. During the papacy of St. Simeon there were some
who took concubines besides their wives, and he excommunicated them until they
returned from their transgression. He remained on the Patriarchal Chair for seven
years and seven months, then departed in peace.
May his prayers be with us and Glory be to God forever. Amen.

  • The Twenty-Fifth Day of the Blessed Month of Abib
1. The Departure of St. Thecla.
2. The Martyrdom of the Saint Abba Isaac.
3. The Martyrdom of St. Hilaria.
4. The Martyrdom of Sts. Thecla and Mouji.
5. The Martyrdom of St. Antonius (Anthony) of Beba.
6. The Martyrdom of St. Abakragoun.
7. The Martyrdom of St. Domadius El-Souriani (The Syrian).
8. The Consecration of the Church of St. Mercurius.
9. The Departure of St. Palamon, the Father of the Monks.

25-1. On this day, St. Thecla, who was contemporary to St. Paul the Apostle,
When St. Paul went forth from Antioch and came to the city of Nicomedia,
there was a certain believer, whose name was Sefaros, took him to his house. Many
gathered together to hear St. Paul's teaching. When this virgin Thecla heard St. Paul's
teaching, she looked out from the window of her house so that she might hear more of
his teachings. Her heart was pleased with his teachings, and she followed the apostle.
Her father and her family were grieved and wanted to prevent her from following St.
Paul to his meetings. When she did not heed their counsel, her father presented her
situation to the governor, to prevent her from listening to St. Paul's teachings. The
governor brought the apostle Paul, examined his teachings, and when he could find no
cause for complaint against him, he shut him up in prison.
St. Thecla took off her expensive attire and ornaments, and came to St. Paul in prison,
and bowed down at his feet. When her parents sought her, they could not find her.
When they found out that she was with St. Paul in prison, the Governor ordered to
burn her. Her mother cried out saying, "Burn her to be an example for the other
women of noble families who believe in the teaching of the Apostle." They threw her
in the fire, which did not harm her. She escaped and came to St. Paul, then went to
Antioch. There, a nobleman saw her, and was captivated with her beauty. He asked to
marry her, but she refused saying, "I am the pride of Christ." He informed the governor
of the city about her, who seized her and cast her to the lions, which did not harm her
for two days. Then she came to where St. Paul was, he comforted her, strengthened
her and commanded her to preach Christ in Iconium. She went there and preached the
Faith of Christ, and then went to her own city and converted her father to the Faith of
Christ. Having finished her fight, she departed in peace.
May her prayers be with us. Amen.
25-2. This day also marks, the martyrdom of the Saint Abba Isaac, who was from
Shama, district of Ashmoun. He worked as a gardener and overseer of an orchard. He
was pious, gentle, and devoted to God. He did not eat meat or drink wine. He fasted
two days at a time, then broke the fast with legumes. He visited the poor and the
needy, and gave them what was left of his wages. The angel of the Lord appeared to
him in a vision and commanded him to go to the governor and confess the Name of
Christ to receive the crown of martyrdom. Abba Isaac rejoiced, distributed all that he
had, went to the governor, and confessed the Lord Christ. The governor tortured him
much, but the Lord strengthened and healed him. Afterwards, the governor cut off his
holy head and he received the crown of martyrdom. The people of his hometown came
and took his pure body with great honor. The Lord wrought many great signs and
wonders of his holy body.
May his prayers be with us. Amen.
25-3. On this day also, was the martyrdom of St. Hilaria (Liyarya). She was born
in the
city of Demliana which is near by the city of Demera, to pious Christian parents.
She was chaste, and she fasted and prayed continually. When she was twelve years
old, the angel of the Lord appeared to her while she was working and told her, "Why
are you sitting here, and the strife is going on and the crown of martyrdom is prepared
for you."
She gave all that she had to the poor and departed to Toah, and then to the city of
Sarsana, district of El-Shouhada, Menoufiah. She located the governor and confessed
the Lord Christ before him. He tortured her much. St. Shenousy was there. He
comforted and strengthened her. The governor intensified his torture by making
gashes in her body with an iron comb, and he drove red-hot iron pegs into her ears.
Afterwards, he bound her along with seven thousand, six hundred martyrs, took them
with him and departed. While they were on the ship, a crocodile jumped from the
water and snatched away an only child from his mother, who wept and lamented for
her son. This saint had compassion on her, and prayed to the Lord Christ. The
crocodile returned the child alive and sound. When they came to Toah, the governor
cast St. Hilaria (Liyarya) in the fire which did not harm her. Then they hacked off her
members, cut off her head and cast them in the fire, thus she received the crown of
May her prayers be with us. Amen.
25-4. This day also marks, the martyrdom of Sts. Thecla and Mouji (Mugi). They
born in the city of Kerakus, and they were brought up by a God-fearing woman,
who was a teacher. Once when they were crossing the river they saw the governor
torturing the Christians. They were amazed from his hard-heartedness. The angel of
the Lord appeared to them, and showed them the glory of the saints. They went to
Alexandria, where they confessed the Lord Christ before the governor, who tortured
them severely. Then, he cut off the head of St. Mouji. As off St. Thecla, he sent her to
the city of Demtaw, where she was martyred, after much torture. Thus they received
the crown of martyrdom.
May there prayers be with us. Amen.
25-5. Today also, St. Antonius (Andona), was martyred. He was born in the city
Beba, to pious and merciful parents. When he heard about the torture of the
martyrs, he went to Ansena, and confessed the Lord Christ before the governor. The
governor ordered him shut to death with arrows. When no harm came upon him, he
sent him bound with St. Abimachus and two other martyrs to Alexandria. The Governor
shut up the three in prison and crucified St. Antonius head downwards but he was not
harmed. When the governor became weary of torturing him, he sent him to the
governor of Farma. There he found St. Mina in prison, and they rejoiced for their
meeting. The governor of Farma tortured Antonius, at times by combing his body with
iron combs, and at other times by casting him in a cauldron filled with boiling oil, but
the Lord strengthened and healed him. Afterwards, they cut off his head and thus he
received the crown of martyrdom.
May his prayers be with us. Amen.
25-6. On this day also, St. Abakragoun, who was from El-Batanoon, was
martyred. He
was formerly a thief. Two young men plotted with him to steal. They
went to the cell of a monk, and they found him keeping a vigil, praying. They waited
until he had finished his prayer and had lain down. Nevertheless, he remained
standing praying until they became weary and troubled. At dawn, the old monk went
out to the thieves, and when they saw him they bowed down before him, and cast
down their swords. He preached to them, taught them, and they became monks under
his direction.
St. Abakragoun fought a very great fight, and devoted himself to the ascetic life. The
old monk prophesied to him that he would receive the crown of martyrdom for the
Name of Christ, and his saying was fulfilled later on. Six years latter the devil incited
persecution against the church, St. Abakragoun bid his spiritual father farewell and
took his blessings. He went to Nakios, and confessed the Name of the Lord Christ
before the governor, who was appointed by Maximianus Caesar. The governor tortured
him much and then took him to Alexandria. Then he was tortured by hanging him on
the mast of the ship five times, and each time the ropes broke. Then they placed him
in a sack made of hide, and threw him into the sea.
The angel of the Lord brought him out of the water, and commanded him to go to
Samanoud. On his way he passed by the city of El-Benwan, and its people recognized
him. They brought to him everyone who had an infirmity and they were healed by his
When he arrived at Samanoud, God wrought on his hands many signs. He raised, by
his prayers, the daughter of Justus the Vizier from the dead. Justus, his wife, and all
his soldiers, believed, and they all received the crown of martyrdom, and they were
numbered, nine hundred thirty-five men. As for St. Abakragoun, they sent him back to
Alexandria. After they tortured him with different kinds of tortures, they cut off his
head, and he received the crown of martyrdom. The angel of the Lord appeared to a
priest from the city of Menuf, told him about the place of the body of the saint, and
the priest went and took it. After the end of the time of persecution, they built a
church in his name in the city of El-Batanoon, and placed his body in it.
May his prayers be with us. Amen.
25-7. This day also, marks the martyrdom of St. Domadius El-Souriani (The
Syrian). He
was brought up n Persia, and learned Astrology, and wished to become
Christian. One day he found a Persian monk in the market, whose name was Aughalis,
who taught him the way of God and he rejoiced exceedingly. He began to preach to
the people of his house, and to teach them what might facilitate them to the path of
Faith. Then he was baptized, and became a monk. He performed many great deeds
that the brethren were jealous of him. When he felt that, he left them and went to
the monastery of St. Sergius. There he lived with a hermit for ten years during which
he did not eat any cooked food. Then they ordained him a deacon.
While he was ministering with the hermit priest in the sanctuary, he saw a white dove
of most beautiful appearance, which came down and descended upon the altar.
Domadius thought that it was a real dove, so he made a motion with his hand to drive
the dove off, for he was worried about the content of the chalice. After the service
was ended, the priest asked him, "What did disturb you during the liturgy?" Domadius
told him what he had seen. The priest told him, "If you see the dove again tell me."
In the next day, the priest went up to the altar to celebrate the liturgy as usual, and
when Domadius saw the dove, he told the priest, "My father the dove has come." The
priest looked around but he could not see anything. He bowed his head before God
with weeping and prayer by day and night for a period of time, until he was worthy to
see this dove. He realized that this was the sign of the Holy Spirit. He did not say
anything to St. Domadius lest pride fill his heart, but he told the bishop who had
ordained him a priest.
When the news of his holiness reached the patriarch of this area, he wished to visit
him. When St. Domadius knew of this, he fled from there and came to the church of
St. Cosmas, where he lived for a while nearby, feeding on the vegetation of the earth.
God wrought on his hand many signs and miracles.
When Emperor Julian went out to fight against the Persians, he passed by the cave of
this saint. They told him about the saint, so he ordered him stoned. The soldiers
stoned him and his disciple, until a great heap of stones stood over the cave. Many
years later, God revealed his body, a church was built for him and God manifested
many wonders in it.
May his prayers be with us. Amen.
25-8. Today also the church celebrates the commemoration of the consecration of
church of the great St. Mercurius Abu-Saifain. The biography of his life is written
under the twenty- fifth day of the month of Hatour.
May his blessing be with us. Amen.
25-9. On this day also, of the year 316 A.M., the saint Anba Palamon the
departed. He was an anchorite in the Eastern Mount in a town called El-
Kasre and El-Sayad, district of Nagaa-Hammady, governorate of Quena. The Devil was
weary of tempting this father, and failed to overcome him. The Devil took every
chance to direct his snares against him.
One day, the man of God Anba Palamon rose up, took the work of his hand, and
walked toward the countryside of Egypt. While he was walking in his way, he was
weeping for his sins. The enemy of the good led him astray in the mountain, for seven
days, until he was close to death from hunger and thirst, for it was summer. Finally,
he collapsed, fell on the ground, wishing to die. God, the lover of mankind, wished not
to leave His servant Anba Palamon fall prey to the devil, so He ordered the devil to
leave him. When the old man realized that, he cried saying, "O Lord Jesus Christ help
me." Instantly he heard a voice saying to him, "Do not be afraid, for the enemy can
not overcome you. Rise and walk a short distance to the south. You shall find a
righteous old monk whose name is Talasoun. Tell him about all that the devil has
brought on you, and the grievous sin that he tempted you with in your young age. He
will pray on your behalf so that your sins will be forgiven." The blessed Anba Palamon
rose up, carried the works of his hands, and walked in the mount reciting Psalm fifty
four, "Save me, O God, by Your name, And vindicate me by Your strength. Hear my
prayer, O God; Give ear to the words of my mouth. For strangers have risen up against
me, And oppressors have sought after my life; They have not set God before them.
Behold, God is my helper; The Lord is with those who uphold my life. He will repay my
enemies for their evil. Cut them off in Your truth. I will freely sacrifice to You; I will
praise Your name, O LORD, for it is good. For He has delivered me out of all trouble;
And my eye has seen its desire upon my enemies." He also recited Psalms 68, "Let
God arise, Let His enemies bescattered; Let those also who hate Him flee before Him.
As smoke is driven away, So drive them away; As wax melts before the fire, So let the
wicked perish at the presence of God. But let the righteous be glad; Let them rejoice
before God; Yes, let them rejoice exceedingly." He did not cease praying until
God guided him to the place of Anba Talasoun.
When Anba Talasoun saw him, he rejoiced exceedingly, greeted him, held his hand
and pulled him up the rock where he lived. They prayed, then sat down talking about
the greatness of God. Anba Talasoun asked Anba Palamon about how he found his
way to come to visit him in this wilderness. Then Anba Palamon started crying and
kneeled, saying, "Please forgive me O my beloved holy father." Anba Talasoun said,
"The Lord Jesus Christ forgives to all of us all our transgressions." Anba Palamon
replied saying, "I am ashamed to tell you, O my holy father, about the enormous sin
that befell me by the Devil without knowing." Anba Talasoun told him, "It is written
'Confess your faults one to another, and pray one for another, that you may be
When Anba Palamon saw that the blessed Anba Talasoun was comforting and
encouraging him, he started to tell him, "While I was living in the monastery, I asked
God to forgive me my sins. I also read in the holy books of the fathers which are
inspired by the Spirit of God, that solitary life brings forth the fear of God, and God
despises mockery and laughing for no reason. So I decided to live a solitary life in my
small home, to not talk to anyone, and never to laugh, but to cry on my sins by day
and night. The Devil often fought against me. He tried to please my heart with
laughter but I did not heed him, and I never cursed. I fought for a long time through
these tribulations, steadfast in the salvation of our Lord Christ until the enemy was
wrath with me. One day I took the work of my hands, walked in the mount to go to
sell it and buy a little of bread. After I was at a considerable distance from my abode,
the Devil captivated me, and right away I lost my mind. He removed the Name of God
from my mouth and I was no longer reciting the Divine sayings. The mount changed
entirely before me, the sandy earth became black. When I looked before me I saw a
new city, had splendid buildings, magnificent houses, rich palaces, and the city had
shining armored gat which was fortified as a city of a king, surrounded by trees and
gardens. When I saw it, I wondered about this city and its great distinction.
"When I inclined to enter the city thinking that its people might buy from me the work
of my hands. As I came close to the walls of the city, I found a turning water wheel
(sakieh), and I saw a sorrowful woman. Her face was very gloomy. Her clothes were
torn and her veil covered her eyes for the sake of decency. She was standing beside
the well, running the water wheel and watering the vines. When she saw me, she sat
down, covered her head and said, 'Bless me O my holy father.' In hast she put down
the baskets before me then said, 'Sit down and rest O my beloved father for you had
become tired from what you have carried.' She sat me down beside running water, she
took water in her hands, poured it on my feet, and washed them as someone taking
blessings. She acted as a woman of a rich man. I asked her, 'O faithful woman, tell
me, if I enter this city with the work of my hands would I find one who would buy it
from me?' She said, 'Yes, they would buy it from you. Nevertheless, leave it and I will
buy it from you, and I will give you all that you need. For I was married to a rich man
who died recently and left me much money and herds of cattle. I pick the fruits of
these enormous vines, and I do not have anyone to oversee it. I wish to have a man
like you, to whom I can hand all my possessions, to handle the way he sees fit. So if
you accept, O my holy father, to come and oversee my house and to take charge of all
my possessions, I will take you as a husband.' I replied, 'If the monk gets married,
shame and disgrace follow him.' Then the woman told me, 'If you do not take me as a
wife, be an overseer for my possessions. You supervise it during the day, for I own
fields, cattle, barns, vineyards, slaves and maiden servants, and when the night falls
you shall fulfill your prayers.' Then she rose up, and took me to her house. She
prepared a table of different kinds of foods and placed it before me.
Afterwards, she went to her room, and put on expensive and extravagant clothes, then
came and embraced me. I was surprised and I held fast to the power of God almighty,
and crossed myself with the sign of the cross. All that I saw immediately vanished as
the smoke before the winds, and nothing of what this woman did remained.
"Instantly, I realized that all of this was the doing of the Devil who wished to make
me fall in sin. I cried bitterly, and regretted much what I had done. The Lord had
compassion on me with His tender mercy, and sent me His angel who comforted me,
and promised the forgiveness of my sins and told me, 'Go to the saint Anba Talasoun
who is nearby you, and confess to him your sins. Tell him that you have come to him
so that the Lord may forgive your sins through his prayers.'" The saint Anba Talasoun
prayed saying, "O my son may the Lord forgive you and myself." Subsequently, a table
came down from heaven, they ate, then Anba Palamon returned to his place of
worship in peace.
This Saint received the gift of healing from God. The beasts were friendly to him, he
fed them by his hands, and they licked his feet. He lived naked, so God lengthened
his hair until it covered his whole body. He fasted the whole week, only ate on
Saturday and Sunday. He ate a half loaf of bread that God sent him with the raven.
Often he ate from the vegetation of the mount. He was merciful, compassionate, and
tender like His creator. When the night fell, he went down from his place of worship,
to visit the prisoners, orphans, widowers, those in trouble, and the sojourners, as his
strength allowed him, to help them from the price of the works of his hands.
St. Palamon was fervent in his asceticism and worship. He persevered, all the days of
his life, in the daily and nightly prayers, and watching all night in ascetic worships. St.
Pachomius, the father of the monastic cenobite, was the disciple of this saint. When
St. Pachomius rejected paganism and adopted Christianity, he wished to live a life of
asceticism and worship, so the priest of his hometown directed him to go to the great
hermit Anba Palamon. Pachomius handed the care for the poor and the needy in his
town to another elder monk, and went to Anba Palamon. When he arrived, he knocked
the door of his cell. The old man looked from an aperture and asked him, "Who are
you O brother? and what do you want?" Pachomius answered hastily, "I, O blessed
father, looking for the Christ the God Whom you do worship,  and I beg your
fatherhood to accept me and to make me a monk." Abba Palamon told him, "O my
son, monasticism is not an unrestricted labor, and the man does not come into it as
he pleases, for many had adopted it not knowing its hardships, and when they
adopted it they could not endure it, and you have heard about it without knowing its
Pachomius replied, "Do not turn my request, and my desire, and do not put off the
flame of my zeal. Accept me, be patient with me, and examine me, and afterward do
whatever you see fit with me." The old man told him, "Go, O my son test your self
alone for a period of time, then come back to me for I am willing to labor with you as
much as my weakness allows so you might know your own self. The monastic piety
needs toughness and asceticism, and I will teach you first its extent. Then you go and
examine your self if you could endure the matter or not. My intent in that, God knows,
is for the sake of your teaching and discipline and not for any other reason. When we,
O my beloved son, knew the vanity and trickery of this world, we came to this distant
place, and carried on our shoulders the cross of our Christ, not the wooden rod, but
the overcoming of the flesh, subduing its lusts, and wasting its power. We spent the
night praying and glorifying God. Often we vigil from sun set till the morning praying
and working much with our hands, making either ropes, braid palm fibers, weave palm
leaves or hair to resist sleep and to have what our bodies need and to feed the poor
as the apostle said, 'remember the needy.' We entirely do not know the eating of oil,
cooked food or drinking liquors. We fast till the evening of the summer days, and two
days at a time during the winter then we break the fast by eating only bread and salt.
We keep away the boredom by remembering death, and how close it is. We refute
every pride and exaltation and guard ourselves from evil thoughts by humility and
piety. By this ascetic strive that is accomplished by the grace of God, we offer our
souls a living sacrifice, acceptable to God, not only once but many times. For
according to the strive and how much we exert ourselves in it, we realize spiritual
gifts, remembering the saying of the Lord, "Those overcame themselves, seize the
Kingdom of Heaven."
When Pachomius heard from Abba Palamon these sayings that he never heard before,
he was more assured by the spirit, and was encouraged on facing the hardships and
endure the pains. He replied saying, "I am confident in the Lord Christ first, and by
the support of your prayers second, I would be able to fulfill all the precepts, and
persevere with you till death."
Pachomius then kneeled before him and kissed his hand. The old man preached him
and instructed him about the importance of mortifying the flesh, the humility and
contrition of the heart. He told him, "If you kept what I told you, did not go back, or
vacillate between two opinions, we will rejoice with  you." Then he told him, "Do you
think my son that by all what I mentioned to you from asceticism, praying, watching
and fasting we ask for the glory of men, no my son, it is not like that. We lead you to
the works of salvation so we would be blameless, for it is written every apparent thing
is light, and we must through many tribulations enter the kingdom of heaven. Now go
back to your abode so you might examine your self and test her for few days for what
you are asking is not an easy task."
Pachomius answered him saying, "I have examined myself in every thing, and I hope
with the Grace of God and your holy prayers, that your heart would be pleased toward
me." The old man answered, "Well."
Anba Palamon accepted him with joy, then left him for ten days testing him in prayer,
watching and fasting. Three month later and after he tested his patience, endurance,
strife and will, he prayed over him, clipped off his hair, and put on him the garb of the
monks (El-Eskeem) in year 304 A.D.
They persevered together on asceticism and prayer as they worked in their spare
times in weaving hair and knitting clothes to gain their bare necessities, and what
they spared they gave to the needy. Whenever they were vigilance and the sleep
overcame them, they went out their cells and moved sand from one place to another
to exhaust their bodies and remove the sleep away from them. The old man went on
preaching the young man and encouraging him saying, "Be courageous O Pachomius,
let your devotion to God always be flamed with the fire of love, and be before Him, in
fear, humility, and persevering in praying and kneeling without boredom. Be watchful
lest the tempter examine you and grief you."
It came in the biography of St. Pachomius in a manuscript in the monastery of El-
Baramous the following:
One day someone knocked on the door of Sts. Palamon and Pachomius to visit them,
and he spent the night with them. The pride and self-reliance had overcome that
person. While they were talking about the words of God and before them was fire, for
it was winter, the guest told them, "Whoever of you has strong faith in God, let him
rise up, stand on this blazing embers, and recite the prayer which the Lord had taught
to His disciples." When the old man St. Palamon heard that, he admonished him
saying, "Cursed is the defiled devil who planted this thought in your heart. so stop
talking." The guest did not head to the words of the old man and said, "I, I would." He
rose up and stood on the blazing coal while saying the Lord's prayer slowly. Then he
stepped out the fire which did not touch his body with any harm, and went to his
abode with arrogance. Pachomius told Anba Palamon, "God knows
that I marveled about this brother who stood on the amber and his feet did not burn."
The old man replied saying, "Do not be amazed for there is no doubt that this from
the work of the Devil. The Lord had allowed his feet not to be burned as it is written
to the crooked, God sends crooked ways. Believe me O my son, if you know the
torment that is prepared for him, you will be weeping for his wretchedness."
The Devil came to this man in the form of a woman and enticed him to allow her to
enter his cell. Because of the pride and the blindness of his perception, he did not
realize the danger that surrounded him. The lust filled his heart toward her, and
immediately the devil struck and threw him on the ground and he remained as a dead
man for a day. When he regained his conscious and his faculties, he went to Abba
Palamon weeping and remorseful for what he had done. He asked for their help and
prayers for the devil had captivated him by his own free will. While he was talking to
them, the old man and his disciple were weeping, the evil spirit suddenly came over
him. He went to the mountain, and he lost his mind. He was astray for a period of
time, then he threw himself in a fire which burned him. When the old man knew that,
he was grieved. His disciple asked him, "How God allowed this to happen to him after
he confessed and asked for repentance with tears and remorse." The Abba answered,
"God with His foreknowledge knew that the repentance of this brother was not sincere,
so He allowed him to reap what he did."
While St. Pachomius was still staying with his teacher Anba Palamon, one day he was
wondering in the wilderness, and he came to the village of Tabanseen. When he was
praying, the angel of the Lord appeared and told him, "O Pachomius, with the order of
the Lord, build a monastery in the spot that your are standing on, hence many will
come to you seeking monasticism." He returned to the old man Anba Palamon and told
him what the angel had told him, and his intention of fulfilling the Will of God. Anba
Palamon was sad for the departure of his disciple and said, "How could you leave me
after seven years you spent with me in obedience and submission and I am an old
man. I see that it is easier on me to accompany you than you leaving me."
They moved south until they came to Tabanseen, and started to build a monastery.
That was in the year 311 A.D., and Pachomius was thirty years old. When they
finished building the monastery, Anba Palamon told his disciple Pachomius, "My
beloved son I long to return to my cell and the place of my solitude. I had known that
God had appointed you to establish this monastery, which will grow and be filled with
God pleasing monks. You shall receive power and long suffering to manage them. As
of myself, I have became old, weak, and the time of my departure had drew near. So I
see that my solitary life is best for me. Nevertheless, I ask from your kindness that
you do not deprive me from seeing you from now and then. I shall come to visit you
as the few days left for me allow." They were separated after they prayed with each
other, and they visited each other. In one of the visits of Anba Palamon, he became ill
and departed to the Lord that he served and loved since his young age. Anba
Pachomius took the blessings of his teacher, shrouded and buried him.
Many wonders and miracles have been attributed to this saint. An ancient church in his
name is located in the town of El-Kasre and El-Sayad in a monastery named after him
which had other churches in the name of the Virgin St. Mary, the archangel Michael, St.
Mercurius Abu-Saifain, and St. Demianah. A great festival celebration is celebrated
annually in his feast day.
May his prayers be with us and Glory be to God forever. Amen.

  • The Twenty-Sixth Day of the Blessed Month of Abib
1. The Departure of the Upright St. Joseph, the Carpenter.
2. The Departure of St. Timothy, 22nd Pope of Alexandria.
1. On this day, the righteous man St. Joseph, the carpenter, who was worthy to be
called the father of Christ in the flesh, departed at a good old age. The Holy Gospel
bore witness that he was a righteous man, and God chose him to be betrothed to the
all-pure, our lady, the Virgin St. Mary. When he finished his course, his strife, his toil
in the journey together with the Lord and the Virgin Lady from Bethlehem to the land
of Egypt, and the tribulations that befell him from the Jews, he departed in peace.
When the time came for him to depart from this world, to the world of the living, the
Lord Christ was present at his departure, and laid His hand upon his eyes. He
extended his arms, and delivered up his soul, and was buried in the tomb of his father
Jacob. All the days of his life were one hundred and eleven years; forty years before
his marriage, fifty-two years married, and nineteen years a widow. His departure was
in the sixteenth year of the advent of the Lord Christ.
May his prayers be with us. Amen.
2. On this day also, of the year 101 A.M. (July 20th, 385 A.D.), St. Timothy, 22nd Pope
of Alexandria, departed. This saint was enthroned in the seventeenth of Baramhat, 95
A.M. (March 14th, 379 A.D.). He shepherded the flock of Christ with the best of care,
and guarded them from the Arian wolves. In the sixth year of his papacy, Emperor
Theodosius the Great reigned, who ordered the assembly of the Ecumenical Council at
Constantinople to judge Macedonius the enemy of the Holy Spirit. This Pope presided
over this council, and he disputed with Macedonius, Sabilius, and Apolinarius and
refuted their erroneous council as it is mentioned in the first day of Amshir. This saint
took great care concerning the buildings of the churches in Alexandria and elsewhere.
He was knowledgeable and eloquent, and he left many sayings refuting the heresy of
the Arians. He remained on the Chair for six years, four months and six days, then
departed in peace.
May his prayers be with us and Glory be to God forever. Amen.

The Twenty-Seventh Day of the Blessed Month of Abib
1. The Consecration of the Church of St. Abba Fam.
2. The Martyrdom of St. Apamon (Abba Amoun).
1. On this day, was the consecration of the church of St. Abba Fam.
May his intercession be with us. Amen.
2. On this day also, St. Apamon (Abba Amoun), who was from the city of Tarnut, was
martyred. This saint came to Upper Egypt, and he saw the tortures which were being
inflicted by the infidels upon the holy martyrs. He went to Arianus, the governor of
Ansena (Antinoe), and confessed the Lord Christ before him. Arianus tortured him
severely, by beating him, combing him by iron combs, and drove sharp long nails
through his body. The Lord Christ strengthened and healed him.
Then, Arianus sent him to Alexandria. The angel of the Lord appeared to him,
encouraged, and strengthened him. There he was tortured much and many were
martyred because of him. Among them was a virgin, whose name was Theophila, she
came and stood up before the governor, confessed the Lord Christ, and admonished
him for his worship of the idols. He cast her in the fire but the Lord saved her, and
finally they cut off her head as they cut also the head of St. Apamon.
May there prayers be with us and Glory be to God forever. Amen.

The Twenty-Eighth Day of the Blessed Month of Abib
The Departure of St. Mary Magdalene
On this day, St. Mary Magdalene, departed. The Lord Christ cast seven demons out of
her, she followed Him, and she served Him during His passion, crucifixion, death, and
burial. She came early with the other Mary to the sepulcher, and saw the stone had
been rolled back and the angel was sitting on it. When they became frightened the
angel told them, "Do not be afraid, for I know that you seek Jesus who was crucified.
He is not her; for He is risen." (Matthew 28:1-7) The savior appeared to her and told
her, "Go to my brethren, and say to the, I ascend to my Father, and your Father; and
to my God, and your God." (John 20-17)
She came and told the disciples about the resurrection of the Lord, and after the
ascension of the Lord, she remained ministering to the disciples. She received the
gifts of the Spirit of Comfort, fulfilling the prophesy of Joel the prophet which said,
"And it shall come to pass afterward that I will pour out My Spirit on all flesh; your
sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your young
men shall see visions." (Joel 2:28)
This saint preached with the disciples, and brought back many women to the Faith of
Christ. The apostles ordained her a deaconess, to teach the women, and to assist in
their baptism. She received many insults and humiliation from the Jews, and she
departed in peace while she was still ministering unto the disciples.
May her prayers be with us and Glory be to God forever. Amen.

The Twenty-Ninth Day of the Blessed Month of Abib
1. The Commemoration of the Translocation of the Relics of
St. Andrew, the Apostle.
2. The Martyrdom of St. Ouarshenoufa (Warshenofius).
1. On this day, the church commemorates the relocation of the relics of St. Andrew the
apostle from Syria to Constantinople, at the order of the righteous emperor
Constantine. He built for his name a beautiful altar and consecrated it on this day.
May his prayers be with us. Amen.
2. On this day also, St. Ouarshenoufa (Warshenofius) was martyred. He was well
learned, righteous, and pious. When they asked him to become a bishop, he fled to
the city of Tahmoun (Galgamoun, or Dalgamoun), and spent the night there with two
God loving, Christian brothers. The Angel of the Lord appeared to him, and told him to
go to the governor, and confess Christ before him. When he woke up, he told the two
brothers about the vision. They all agreed to go together to go to the governor. They
came to the governor, confessed the Name of Christ before him, and he tortured them
severely. Then he took them with him to Sanhour where he continued to torture them.
Then he took them to the city of Sa, gathered all the confessors and read to them the
edict of the emperor to worship the idols. St. Ouarshenoufa jumped and took the
emperor's edict and tore it to pieces. The governor was enraged and ordered him to be
thrown in a fiery furnace and thus he received the crown of martyrdom.
May his prayers be with us, and Glory be to God forever, Amen.

The Thirtieth Day of the Blessed Month of Abib
The Martyrdom of Sts. Mercurius and Ephraem
On this day, the two honorable Sts. Mercurius and Ephraem (Ephraim) were martyred.
These saints were loving brethren in the spirit, and kinsmen in the flesh, and they
were born in the city of Akhmim. They became monks in one of the monasteries of
Upper Egypt, and they remained their for twenty year.
Satan, the enemy of good, brought tribulation upon the Orthodox Church, and the
followers of Arius entered the churches to offer the sacrifices upon the altars of the
Orthodox. These two saints rose up and came to the church and cast aside the bread
and wine which the Arians had laid on the alter and said, "He who has not been
baptized in the Name of the Holy Trinity is only fit to offer up an offering on the altar
of idols." The Arians seized the saints and beat them very severely, until they
delivered their souls into the hand of the Lord and they received the crown of
May their prayers be with us, and Glory be to God forever. Amen.