Coptic Synaxarium

The First Day
1. The Departure of St. Narcissus.
2. The Martyrdom of St. Alexandrus.
3. Commemoration of Anba Marcura.

. On this day of the year, 222 A.D., departed the father St. Narcissus, Bishop of
Jerusalem. This father came to Jerusalem during the reign of Alexander Caesar, who
loved the Christians, in the year 190 A.D. This father was holy and unblemished in all
his conduct. He shepherded his people with the best of care. Later, Alexander died
and after him Maximianus Caesar reigned who incited persecution against the
Christians. He slew many of the bishops and the remaining fled leaving their
parishes. God granted this father the gift of performing wonders. On the eve of the
feast of Easter, the oil in the lamps ran out, so he ordered the lamps to be filled with
water and were lit. They all illuminated that night also by the light of his teachings.
The enemy of the good did not stop but, moved some people against him. They
accused him of committing the sin of infidelity. God's punishment for those liars was
bitter. One of them burned to death, and the bowels of another poured out and died,
the body of the third wasted out from a long sickness, the fourth was killed and the
fifth repented with tears confessing his sins. As for the saint, he went to the desert
and disappeared there, lest his stay be a stumble to others.
Since nothing was known of St. Narcissus whereabouts, another man was chosen in
his place whose name was Dius. Dius remained for a short period of time; he then
departed. Upon Dius' departure they chose another called Ghordinus. When the time
of persecution was over, Abba Narcissus returned to Jerusalem where he was greeted
by his people with great joy. Ghordinus asked him to take over his Chair but, he
refused preferring the solitary life. Ghordinus insisted that he stays with him in his
cell. St. Narcissus stayed with him for one year at the end of which Ghordinus
departed and St. Narcissus acquired his Chair. He had aged and was very week so, he
asked his people to choose another bishop, but they refused.
Alexander, Bishop of Cappadocia, came to Jerusalem to visit the Holy Land and pray.
When he was about to return, after the feast, the people heard a great voice in the
church of the Resurrection saying: "Go to the gate of the city, the first one to enter
it, seize him, make him stay to assist Narcissus." When, they went to the gate, they
met the Bishop Alexander, and pleaded with him to stay to assist Abba Narcissus.
After much resistant, Bishop Alexander decided to accept and stay until the departure
of St. Narcissus.
This father remained on the Episcopal Chair for thirty seven years, and all the years
of his life were one hundred and sixteen years.
May his prayers be with us. Amen.
2. On this day also St. Alexandrus, the soldier, was martyred during the reign of the
infidel Emperor Maximianus. When this saint refused to raise incense for the idols,
the Emperor punished him. The Emperor ordered him hung by his hands and a large
heavy stone tied to his feet. He ordered him to be beaten, his sides burned, and
placed lit torches against his face. When all these tortures did not dissuade him, the
Emperor ordered him beheaded and he received the crown of martyrdom.
May his intercession be with us. Amen.
3. Today also is the commemoration of Anba Marcura, the Bishop.
May his prayers be with us and Glory be to God forever. Amen.

The Second Day of the Blessed Month of Baramhat
The Martyrdom of St. Macrobius (Makrawy) the Bishop
On this day the blessed Saint Anba Makrawy (Macrobius) the bishop was martyred.
This father was of the nobles of Ashmun Grais (Ashmun Kharirat) and he was
ordained bishop for Nikiu (Nakiyos). When persecution against Christians started,
Youfanyous, the Governor, sent for the Saint to appear before him. Before he went to
the Governor, he went before the Holy Altar, lifted up his hands and prayed. He hid
the Altar accessories (Utensils) and the service vestments in a place in the altar. He
prayed again to the Lord Christ to guard His church. Then he went with the
messengers to the Governor who asked him about his name and his hometown. When
the Governor realized that he was the Bishop of the city, he ordered him to be
beaten and humiliated. They mixed lime with vinegar and poured it down his throat.
Nevertheless, God guarded him and he was unharmed.
Later, the Governor sent him to Armenius, the Governor of Alexandria, who casted
him into prison. The Lord made, through his hands, many signs. Eucharistos, the son
of Julius EL-Akfahsi, the writers of the biography of the martyrs, was paralytic. St.
Macrobius prayed over him and God healed him through his prayers. He celebrated
the Divine Liturgy in Julius home, administered the Holy Mysteries to them, and
asked Julius to care for his body and to write his biography.
When Armenius heard what this Saint was performing signs and wonders, he ordered
him to be tortured with different kinds of tortures: to be squeezed with the wheel, to
cut off his members, to cast him to ferocious lions, to throw him into the sea, and to
cast him into hot fire. The Lord strengthened him and all these tortures did not harm
This Saint had a virgin sister called Mariam who served the church and two brothers
named Yoannis and Isaac. They came to him while he was in prison and wept before
him saying: "You have been a father to us, after our father; so how can you depart
and leave us orphans?" He comforted, encouraged, consoled, and asked them to
leave in peace.
Finally, not wanting to see the Saint tortured any more, Julius EL-Akfahsi advised the
governor saying: "Write the decree of this old man and get rid of him" The Governor
listened to him and ordered his head to be cut off. Julius took his body and swathed
it in wrappings embroidered in gold. He placed a golden cross on his chest and sent
the body with his men in a ship to his Episcopal seat in Nikiu. The ship sailed until it
arrived to the city of Ashmun Grais (Ashmun Kharirat). It stopped as if it had been
tied with chains and all attempts to move it failed. While they were trying to do that,
a voice came out of the body saying: "This is the place wherein God is pleased that
my body shall rest." When they told the people of the city, they came out to the ship
carrying palm branches. They carried the body with great honor to their city. He lived
for one-hundred thirty one years; thirty of them as a priest, thirty nine as a bishop,
and he completed his good strife and received the crown of life.
May his prayers be with us and Glory be to God forever. Amen.

The Third Day of the Blessed Month of Baramhat
1. The Departure of St. Cosmas, the Fifty-Eighth Pope of Alexandria.
2. The Martyrdom of St. Porphyry.
3. The Departure of St. Hadid the priest.
1. On this day of the year 648 A.M. (27th of February 932 A.D.) the blessed father
Anba Cosmas, the Fifty-Eighth Pope of Alexandria, departed. This father was
righteous, pure, merciful, chaste, and knowledgeable of the books of the church and
in the interpretations thereof.
When he was chosen Patriarch, on the 4th of Baramhat 636 A.M. (28th of February
920 A.D.), he shepherded his flock in the fear of God and with wisdom. He distributed
to the poor, the needy and to building churches, all of the church revenue after the
little he used. The evil one, however, did not leave St. Cosmas without grief when he
saw his pure life. He ordained a Metropolitan for Ethiopia from the monks, whose
name was Peter, and sent him there. The king received him with great joy. A short
while later, the king fell sick and felt that his end was near, so he brought his two
sons and asked the Metropolitan to come to him. The king took off his crown and
handed it to the Metropolitan saying: "I am going to my Lord Christ and whomever
you see fit from my sons to rule the kingdom enthrone him."
When the King departed to the Lord, the Metropolitan and the Cabinet saw that the
younger son was more suitable for ruling the kingdom, so they crowned him. Shortly
afterwards, a monk from the monastery of Anba Antonius called Victor and along with
him a companion named Mina came to Ethiopia. They asked the Metropolitan for
money; but he refused to give it to them. The devil enticed them to scheme against
him. One of them put on the garb of the bishops and the other one as his disciple.
They falsified a letter from the father, the Patriarch, to the nobles of the government
saying in it: "We have been informed that a deceptive man called Peter came to you
claiming that we have sent him as a Metropolitan for you and he is lying in that. The
one who is carrying this massage to you is the legitimate Metropolitan Mina. We
have been informed also that Peter has enthroned the younger son of the king
instead of his older brother, against the church and civic laws. On the arrival of this
message, you should exile both the Metropolitan and the king, consider Abba Mina
the carrier of our message to be your legitimate metropolitan and to allow him to
enthrone the older son a king."
The two monks handed the forged letter to the older son of the king. When he read
the letter he gathered the cabinet and the nobles of the government and read it to
them. They ordered the exile of Metropolitan Peter and seated Mina in his place. They
then took away the crown from the younger son and crowned his older brother.
Nevertheless, a dispute occurred between the false Metropolitan and his assistant,
who took the liberties of the absence of his Metropolitan and expelled the servants,
plundered all what he found, returned to Egypt, and became a Moslem. When the
news reached Pope Cosmas, he grieved exceedingly. He sent a letter to Ethiopia
excommunicating Mina the liar. The King of Ethiopia was outraged from Mina's actions
and slew him. He asked for the return of Metropolitan Peter from his exile but found
that he had departed to his Lord and Savior. The father, the Patriarch, refused to
ordain for them another Metropolitan and so the four Patriarchs that followed him.
The days of this father were peaceful and tranquil, if not for this accident. He
occupied the throne of St. Mark for twelve years and departed in peace.
May his prayers be with us. Amen.
2. On this day also St. Porphyry (Porphorius) was martyred. He was one of the most
nobles of Banias, most charitable and caring for the poor. He visited those in prison
because of their debts and paid off their obligations. When the era of persecution
started, it was called in every place to worship the idols. The Saint heard that the
prince was passing by, he stood in front of his house and shouted in his face, saying:
"I am Christian." After many failed trials from the prince to dissuade him on changing
his faith, the prince ordered his neck to be cut off. The Saint received the crown of
life, and the people of his town took his body, and shrouded it with expensive
May his prayers be with us. Amen.
3. On this day also, the blessed father and the lover of God Anba Hadid the priest
departed. He was righteous and virtuous. The Lord granted him the gift of performing
miracles and wonders and granted him the spirit of prophecy and knowing the hidden
things. He revealed what was in the hearts of his visitors and healed those who were
sick. It was said that he raised a dead man through his prayers. He departed, when
he was one hundred years old, in a good old age.
May his prayers be with us and Glory be to God forever. Amen.

The Fourth Day of the Blessed Month of Baramhat
1. Assembly of the Holy Council on the island of Bani-Omar.
2. The Martyrdom of St. Haboulyous (Hanulius) the prince.
1. On this day a Holy Council convened on the island of Bani-Omar against those
people called the Fourteenthians. The Fourteenthians celebrated the feast of the Holy
Easter with the Jews on the fourteenth of the crescent of Neesan (April) which was
on any day of the week. The Bishop of the island excommunicated them, and sent to
Serapion Patriarch of Antioch, Democratus Bishop of Rome, Demetrius Patriarch of
Alexandria, and Symmachus Bishop of Jerusalem to inform them of the heresy of
these people. Each one of them sent an epistle indicating in it that Easter was only
to be celebrated on the Sunday that follows the feast of the Jews and ordered to
excommunicate everyone that contradict and disobey that.
A council of eighteen bishops convened and these holy epistles were read to them.
They brought those heretics and read before them these epistles, some of them
returned from their wrong opinion and the others insisted on their error. They
prevented and excommunicated them from the Holy Church. Also, they decided to
celebrate Easter as the order of the Holy Apostles saying: "Any one that celebrate
Easter on any other day than Sunday, had shared the Jews in their feasts and
separated from the Christians."
The dispute on the feast of the Christian Passover (Easter) started between Asia
Minor and Rome. Polycarp, Bishop of Smyrna, publicly announced the need of keeping
the 14th of Neesan to commemorate the Crucifixion and the 16th of Neesan to
commemorate the Resurrection (These were the original dates that the Crucifixion
and Resurrection fall on regardless what day of the week they fell on) and the
Christians of Mesopotamia, Cilicia, and Syria followed his opinion. Victor, Bishop of
Rome, publicly announced the importance of putting into consideration that the
Crucifixion be on a Friday and the Resurrection be on a Sunday, (since Friday is the
day of the Crucifixion and Sunday is the day of the Resurrection). The Christians of
Egypt, Greece, Pontus and Arabia agreed with him in that. The dispute between the
two bishops intensified, nevertheless their friendship remained unchanged.
Alexandria intervened in this subject, and its Patriarch Anba Demetrius the vine
dresser (El-Karram), tried to mediate between these two opinions (By making the
commemoration of the Crucifixion on Friday and the Resurrection on Sunday), and to
be linked to the day 14th of Neesan (The Jewish Passover).
Pope Demetrius gathered the Alexandrian astronomers, among them was Ptolemy the
astronomer which was from Farma, and with their help the Patriarch established the
reckoning of the Epacts, which is known by the reckoning of El-Karmah. The reckoning
of the Epacts was able to determine the day of the Jewish Passover (The slaughter of
the Lamb) in any Egyptian Coptic year, and fix the Sunday after to be the Feast of
Resurrection. This way he fulfilled what the Apostles commend that the Jewish
Passover and the christian one not to be on the same day. The first Universal council
that convened in Nicea, 325 A.D. approved that view and asked the Alexandrian Pope
to issue a message on the feast and its date every year.
May the Lord Guard us against the enticement of Satan, with the blessing of the
prayers of the saints. Amen.
2. On this day also St. Haboulyous (Hanulius) the prince of the city of Perga in
Pamphylia was martyred. The love of this prince for Christ made him publicly confess
his faith. Barnabakhas the Governor arrested him at Diocletian's command. He
confessed the Lord Christ before him giving the Lord the honor with glorious hymns
then he cursed the idols. The Prince became raged and ordered him to be crucified.
The Saint praised Christ that made him worthy to be martyred in His Name. Then he
delivered his soul in the hand of the Lord and received the crown of martyrdom.
May his prayers be with us and Glory be to God for ever. Amen.

The Fifth Day of The Blessed Month Of Baramhat
1. The Departure of Anba Serapamon, Archpriest of Abba Yehnis (John) monastery.
2. Commemoration of the Martyrdom of St. Eudexia (Eutychia).
3. The Martyrdom of St. Peter the priest.
1. On this day the ascetic holy father Anba Serapamon the Archpriest of Abu-Yehnis
(John) monastery departed. This Saint became a monk in his youth at the monastery
of the saint Abu-Yehnis. He stayed there for thirty two years in worshipping God and
serving the elders. Then he was promoted to be the archpriest (Heagomain) of the
monastery and was delegated to manage it. He added to his works of righteousness
and ascetism, and he spent his day fasting from the day of his monkshood until the
day of his departure. After spending twenty years in running the monastery, he shut
himself up in a church and no one saw him for a period of ten years. During this
period he only ate on Saturday and Sunday.
When the time of his departure drew near, the angel of the Lord appeared to him in a
vision and gave him a cross of fire saying: "Take this cross in your hand". The saint
replied: " How can I hold fire in my hands." The angel said: "Do not be afraid for
Christ have not given the fire dominion over you." The Saint extended his hand and
took the cross from the angel. Then the angel told him: "Be strong, partake of the
Holy Mysteries and after three days I shall come and take you".
When he woke up from his sleep, he told the elders about his vision. They wept, bid
him farewell, and asked him to remember them. He asked them to remember him in
their prayers. He departed on the third day and the elders were around him.
May his prayers be with us. Amen.
2. On this day also is the commemoration of St. Eudexia which is interpreted
"happiness". This Saint was Samaritan by race and religion, from the city of Baalbek.
The name of her father was Younan and the name of her mother was Hakeemah. She
lived her early life in immorality. With the beauty of her face and physical
appearance, she stumbled many and made them to fall into sin acquiring thereby
great wealth.
A saintly monk from Jerusalem called Germanus heard about her. He went to her,
preached her with solemn and frightful words, mentioning to her hell, worms,
darkness, and the fearful punishments which are therein. She asked him: "Does the
body rise after death, and after it becomes dust to be judged?" He replied "Yes". She
asked him: "What are the proofs on what you said, since the Torah that God gave to
Moses the prophet and my fathers did not mention this?" He explained to her with
biblical and logical proofs until she was convinced. She asked him: "If I go back on
my evil works would God accept me?" He replied: "If you believed that the Lord Christ
had come to the world, took away our sins by His Crucifixion, repented now a sincere
repentance, and been baptized, He will accept you, and will not mention any of what
you have done, but you will be as if you just have been borne."
Her heart opened to the faith and asked him to help her to fulfil that. He took her to
the bishop of Baalbek and she confessed before him the Holy Trinity, the incarnation
of the Word and His Crucifixion. While the Bishop was praying over the water to
baptize her, the Lord opened her mind, she saw an angel attracting her to the water
and the other angels were rejoicing for her. Then she saw an ugly terrifying looking
person trying to drag her away from them and he was in wrath with her. What she
saw increased her desire for repentance and baptism.
After her baptism, she gave all what she gained as fruit of her sin to the poor and
needy. She entered a convent of nuns, she put on the garb of monasticism, and
fought a good and perfect fight. Satan entered into some of her friends who informed
the Governor about her. The Governor commanded his men to bring her. When she
came into his house she found great lamentation and weeping for the governor's son
had just died. She came to where the son was laid, prayed entreating the Lord Christ
for his sake and He raised him up from death. The Prince believed in Christ through
her. Another prince called Diogenes heard about her. He brought her before him, and
she saw a soldier standing before him, who was blind in one eye, she prayed and
made the sign of the cross over the eye, and it was opened. The prince released her
Shortly after this, another Prince called Bekeyfius was appointed, and he heard about
her and had her brought to him. She asked the Lord Christ to give her a portion with
the martyrs. The Prince commanded to cut off her head, and she received the crown
of martyrdom.
May her intercession be with us. Amen.
2. On this day also the honorable presbyter St. Peter departed. This father spent his
life fasting, he shut himself in and was disciplined in praying days and nights. The
Lord granted him the gift of knowing the future, healing the sick through the water
and oil after praying over them. He was ordained a priest, after much reluctance, and
he was forced to obey the order. He offered the incense and celebrated the Liturgy
daily. The people of the city rejoiced saying: "May the Lord grant us the forgiveness
of our sins with his prayers and supplications." He had a wonderful power of
reconciling persons at variance.
During his prayer one night, St. Peter the apostle appeared to him and told him: "Hail
to you for you have kept the priesthood without blemish. Hail to you for your prayers
and masses had ascended as sweet aroma." When the Saint saw him, he was
terrified. St Peter told him: "I am the apostle Peter, do not be afraid for the Lord has
sent me to comfort you and to inform you that you are leaving this toilsome world to
the Eternal kingdom, so rejoice and be comforted." The priest rejoiced for that and
said "Remember me O My Father." When he said that he departed in happiness, glory
and honor.
May the Lord have mercy on us with his prayers and blessings and Glory be to God for

The Sixth Day of The Blessed Month Of Baramhat
1. The Martyrdom of St. Dioscorus.
2. The Departure of St. Theodotus, the bishop.
1. On this day, St. Dioscorus was martyred at the time of the Arabs. He was from
Alexandria, and was brought up as Christian but for unexplained reason he left the
faith of his fathers and adopted the faith of the Arabs. He had a married sister in the
city of Fayyum. When she knew what her brother did, she sent a letter to him saying:
"I would have preferred that the news had come to me telling me that you had died a
Christian, and I would have rejoiced, than that the news that reached me, that you
are not dead, and you have abandoned the Faith of Christ your God." At the end she
said: "Know that this letter marks the end of the relation between you and me. From
this time on do not show me your face and do not write me."
When he had read his sister's letter, he wept bitterly, and he smote his face and tore
his beard. Then he rose in haste and girded up his loins, prayed entreating God
fervently and made the sign of the cross over himself. He went out of his house and
wandered about in the city. When the Muslims saw him in this condition, they
brought him to the Governor who asked him: "You have left Christianity and joined
our religion, so what happened to you?" He replied saying "I have been born
Christian, and I shall die Christian, and I do not know except this." The Governor
threatened him, beat him and inflicted great pain upon him and when he did not
change his opinion, he shut him up in prison. The Governor sent to the Khalifa of
Egypt presenting his case to him. The Khalifa ordered the governor to offer him
leaving the faith of the Christians and entering the faith of the Khalifa, if he obeyed
to give him much money and to reward him, otherwise to burn him. The Governor
brought him out of jail and asked him to deny his faith but he refused saying: "I told
you before that I have been born Christian, and I shall die Christian." He ordered him
to be burnt. They dug a large pit outside the city, and they filled it with wood and
they set fire in it. When the flames of the fire mounted up to a great height, they
casted him in the pit after they had beaten him sorely and gashed his body with
knives. He received the crown of martyrdom in the kingdom of heaven.
May his prayers be with us. Amen.
2. On this day also is the commemoration of the departure of St. Theodsius the
confessor, Bishop of Corinth which on the island of Cyprus. Julius, the Governor of
this island, who had been appointed by Diocletian, had him brought before him. He
demanded from him to deny the Lord Christ and to raise incense to the idols. When
he did not obey his orders, he removed off the Saint's garments and lashed him
painfully with whips made of buffalo hide, hanged him from his arms, and combed his
body with steel combs inflicting him with gashes all over his body. Then they tied to
his legs long iron bands, and dragged him to prison. He remained in prison until God
perished Diocletian and Constantine the righteous Emperor reigned, who released him
among all those who had been jailed for the sake of faith. St. Theodsius returned to
his Episcopal Seat, and tended his flock, that he was entrusted with, well until he
departed in peace.
May his intercession be with us and Glory be to God for ever. Amen.

The Seventh Day of The Blessed Month Of Baramhat
1. The Martyrdom of Sts. Philemon and Apollonius.
2. The Martyrdom of St. Mary the Israelite.
1. On this day Sts. Philemon and Apollonius were martyred. Philemon was the jester
and singer, and Apollonius was the musician for Arianus the governor of Ansena
(Antinoe). They were very close friends and they wished to receive the crown of
martyrdom. One day, Philemon went to the Governor and confessed the Lord Christ
before him, so he ordered to shoot him with arrows. After that, Apollonius came
before the Governor and he also confessed the Lord Christ. When the Governor
recognized him he became angry and ordered to shoot him also with arrows. While
they were shooting Apollonius, one of the arrows glanced back and struck the
Governor's eye and destroyed it. Sts. Philemon and Apollonius completed their strife
and received the crown of martyrdom.
May their prayers be with us. Amen.
2. On this day also St. Mary the Israelite was martyred. This Saint did not know the
Lord Christ and she lived an evil life. When she wished to repent and to return to the
righteous life, the Lord sent to her a holy man who preached her, and revealed to her
the way of salvation by believing in the Lord Christ. He told her that the soul has to
give an answer about all her deeds on the day of Resurrection. After death and
departing of this world every one will be rewarded according to his deeds and
explained to her the fearful punishments for the evil doers. She asked him: "What are
the proofs on what you said, since the Torah that God gave to Moses the prophet and
also my fathers did not mention this? so confirm to me the truth of what you said
with biblical and logical proofs".
After he explained and confirmed to her all these facts she became convinced in her
heart and mind. She asked him: "If I repent on my evil works would God accept me?"
He replied: " If you believed that Christ had come to the world for the salvation of
the human race, and walked in the way of repentance, God will accept you" and she
believed and repented. When the Governor knew about her, he brought her before
him. When she insisted on her Christianity, he ordered her beheaded by the sword
and she received the crown of martyrdom.
May her intercession be with us and Glory be to God forever. Amen.

The Eighth Day of The Blessed Month Of Baramhat
1. The Martyrdom of St. Matthias, the apostle.
2. The Departure of St. Julian, the Eleventh Pope of Alexandria.
3. The Martyrdom of St. Arianus, the Governor of Ansena.
1. On this day St. Matthias, the apostle was martyred about 63 A.D. He was born in
Bethlehem, followed the apostles and was chosen in place of Judas Iscariot in the
upper room on the mount of Zion. Peter stood up in the midst of the disciples
(altogether the number of names was about a hundred and twenty), and said, "Men
and brethren, this Scripture had to be fulfilled, which the Holy Spirit spoke before by
the mouth of David concerning Judas, who became a guide to those who arrested
Jesus; "for he was numbered with us and obtained a part in this ministry." (Now this
man purchased a field with the wages of iniquity; and falling headlong, he burst open
in the middle and all his entrails gushed out. And it became known to all those
dwelling in Jerusalem; so that field is called in their own language, Akel Dama, that
is, Field of Blood.) "For it is written in the book of Psalms: 'Let his habitation be
desolate, and let no one live in it'; and, 'Let another take his office.' "Therefore, of
these men who have accompanied us all the time that the Lord Jesus went in and out
among us, "beginning from the baptism of John to that day when He was taken up
from us, one of these must become a witness with us of His resurrection." And they
proposed two: Joseph called Barsabas, who was surnamed Justus, and Matthias. And
they prayed and said, "You, O Lord, who know the hearts of all, show which of these
two You have chosen "to take part in this ministry and apostleship from which Judas
by transgression fell, that he might go to his own place." And they cast their lots,
and the lot fell on Matthias. And he was numbered with the eleven apostles. (Acts
Afterwards he was filled with the Holy Spirit, and went to preach the Gospel until he
came to the country of cannibals. The custom of those people was whenever they
seized a stranger, they put him in prison for thirty days feeding him grass, then they
bring him out and eat him. When St. Matthias came to them and preached among
them the massage of love they seized him, plucked out his eyes and put him in
prison. Before the thirty days were over God sent to him Andrew the apostle and his
disciple. They came to the prison and saw the prisoners and what abominable things
the people of the city did to them. Satan inspired the people of the city to seize
them also and kill them.
When they were about to seize them, the two Saints prayed to the Lord, and a
stream of water flowed from under one of the pillar of the prison. The water flowed
out into the city, and rose up until it reached the necks of the people. When the
people of the city gave up all hope of saving their lives, they came to the apostles,
and wept before them confessing their sins. The apostles told them "Believe in the
Lord Jesus Christ, and you shall be saved." They all believed and they released St.
St. Matthias, along with St. Andrew and his disciple taught them the mystery of the
Incarnation of the Lord Christ. The Apostles prayed and entreated God Who made the
water to cease then they baptized them in the Name of the Holy Trinity. They also
prayed to The Lord Christ Who removed from them their barbaric nature. The Apostles
appointed over them bishops and priests. They tarried with them for a while during
which they instructed them and confirmed them in the faith, then they left. The
people of the city entreated them to come back to them speedily. St. Matthias went
to the city of Damascus and preached there in the Name of the Lord Christ. The
people of the city became angry so they took him and laid him upon an iron bed, they
lighted a fire under it which did not harm him but his face was shining with light like
the sun. They marvelled exceedingly and they all believed on the Lord Christ through
St. Matthias the apostle who baptized them, and appointed priests for them. He
tarried many days with them confirming them in the faith. Afterward he departed in
peace in one of the city of the jews called Falawon (Pilawon) where his body was laid.
May his prayers be with us. Amen.
2. On this day also of the year 188 A.D. (3rd of march) the holy father Pope Julian
the Eleventh Pope of Alexandria departed. This father was a student in the seminary
established by St. Mark, and was ordained priest in the city of Alexandria. He
surpassed many in knowledge, righteousness, and purity so he was ordained
Patriarch on the 9th of Baramhat (Year 178 A.D.) After his enthronement he saw that
the pagans did not allow the bishops to leave the city of Alexandria, so he used to
leave the city in secret to ordain priests everywhere. Before his departure the angel
of the lord announced to him that the one who will bring him a cluster of grapes, is
the one to succeed him on the Patriarchal Chair. One day, while Demetrius the vine
dresser was trimming his trees, he found a cluster of grapes and was not in season.
He took the cluster and gave it to the Patriarch Abba Julian who was pleased with the
present. He gathered the bishops and told them about the vision and commanded
them to enthrone him Patriarch after him.
This father composed many homilies and discourses, he taught the people
continually, preached and visited them. He stayed on the Apostolic Chair for ten
years then departed in peace.
May his prayers be with us. Amen.
3. On this day also St. Arianus, the governor of Ansena was martyred. When he
ordered to shoot St. Apollonius with arrows, and one of the arrows glanced back and
struck his eye and destroyed it, as it is mentioned in the Seventh day of Baramhat,
one of the believers told him: "If you take some of his blood and smear your eye with
it, you will receive your sight." The Governor took some of his blood, smeared his
eye, and immediately he was able to see. Arianus believed on the Lord Christ, with
great sorrow for all the evil things which he had done to the holy martyrs and the
severity with which he tortured them. Then he rose up, destroyed his idols, and he
refrained from torturing any of the believers.
When Diocletian heard the report of Arianus, he brought him, and asked him why he
had forsaken the worship of his idols. Arianus began to tell him about the signs and
wonders which God was working by the hands of the holy martyrs, and how, in spite
of the tortures which he had inflicted upon them, and the cutting of their bodies, they
rose up again whole. The Emperor became furious with him because of what he said
and ordered him to be tortured severely, and to cast him into a pit and to cover it
until he dies.
The Lord Christ sent His angel, who brought him out from the pit, and took him by
the bed of the Emperor. The Emperor woke up from his sleep, and when he saw and
recognized that he wasArianus, he was amazed and terrified. Diocletian again
ordered him to be placed into a hair sack, and to cast him into the sea, so they did.
Arianus the martyr delivered up his soul while he was in the hair sack. The Saint had
told his kinsfolk when he bid them farewell that the Lord had told him in a vision of
the night that He would take care of his body, return it to his town, and they could
find it on the shore of Alexandria.
The Lord ordered a sea creature who carried the Saint, and brought him to the city of
Alexandria, where it casted him on the shore. His men took his body, brought it to
Ansena, and laid it with the bodies of the Saints Philemon and Apollonius. Thus, he
finished his good fight and received the heavenly crown.
May his prayers be with us and Glory be to God forever. Amen.

The Ninth Day Of The Blessed Month Of Baramhat
1. The Departure of St. Konan.
2. The Martyrdom of Sts. Abrianus, Amrata his wife, Eusebius, Armanius, and the
Forty Martyrs.
1. On this day the fighter St. Konan departed. This Saint was from a city called
Antanyos in the country of Syria during the days when the Apostles were preaching
the Name of the Lord Christ to Whome is the glory. His father's name was Nestor, his
mother's name was Theodora, and they worshipped the stars. When this Saint grew
and became a man, the virtues of purity, chastity, piety, and mercy were manifested
in his life.
His parents wished to wed him but he refused. They forced him to get married, but
he refused to have any relation with his wife and both remained virgins. Often he
prayed saying: " O God lead me to Your true Knowledge." Michael, the angel of the
Lord appeared to him and ordered him to go to one of the apostles. Konan went to
him, learned from him all the Laws of the Christian Faith, was baptized and received
the Divine Mysteries. He went on listening to the teachings of the Apostles and he
increased in purity, chastity, ascetism, and praying. God granted him the gift of
performing miracles and the authority over the devil, and he attracted his parents to
the faith in the Lord Christ.
Once, one of the unbelievers went to one of the temples to offer a sacrifice to satan.
St. Konan knew this man, and he cried out against satan, rebuked him and
commanded him to confess before the people telling them whom he was. The devil
confessed that he was satan and was not a god. All the people were present cried
out saying: "One is the God of St. Konan," and they believed and were baptized.
When the Governor, who had been appointed by Claudius Caesar, heard about this
Saint, he had him brought before him, and the saint confessed his faith in the Lord
Christ. The Governor commanded him to be bound and beaten very severely. When
the people of the city heard that, and because of their love to the Saint, they wanted
to kill the Governor but he fled from them.
They released the Saint from his fetters, washed the blood off him, and carried him
to their town. He lived for many years then departed to the Lord. The believers made
his house a church and laid his body in it, from which many signs and wonders were
May his prayers be with us. Amen.
2. On this day also was the martyrdom of Sts. Abrianus, Amrata his wife, Eusebius,
Armanius, and the Forty Martyrs after they had been tortured severely in the Name of
Our Lord Jesus Christ.
May their prayers be with us and Glory be to God forever. Amen.

The Tenth Day Of The Blessed Month Of Baramhat
Commemoration Of the Appearance Of The Glorious Cross
The church celebrates the appearance of the glorious Cross of Our Lord and Saviour
Jesus Christ twice:
The First on the sixteenth day of the month of Tute, 326 A.D. by the hands of the
righteous Empress St. Helen, the mother of Constantine the great, the righteous
Emperor. This Saint when her son Constantine accepted the Faith in the Lord Christ,
she vowed to go to Jerusalem. Her righteous son prepared everything needed to fulfill
this holy visit.
When she arrived to Jerusalem with multitude of soldiers, she asked about the place
of the Cross but no one would tell her. She took one of the jewish elders and
pressured him by hunger and thirst until he was forced to direct them to the place
where they might find the Cross at the hill of Golgotha. She ordered them to clear
out the site of Golgotha where they found three crosses and that was in the year 326
A.D. However, they did not know the cross upon which Our Lord Christ was crucified,
they brought a dead man and they laid upon him one of the crosses and then the
other but he did not rise up but when they laid the third cross upon him he rose up
immediately, then they realized that this was the Cross of Our Lord Christ. The
Empress and all the believers kneeled down before the Holy Cross, and she sent a
piece of it with the nails to her son Constantine. Immediately after, she built the
churches that were mentioned on the Sixteenth day of the blessed month of Tute.
The Second celebration that the church commemorates the Cross is on the Tenth day
of the month of Baramhat by the hands of Emperor Heraclius, in 627 A.D. When the
Persians were defeated by Heraclius they retreated from Egypt to their country. On
their way back they passed through Jerusalem, a persian prince entered the church of
the Cross which was built by Empress Helen. He saw a great light shinning from a
piece of wood located on a place decorated with gold. He thrust his hand to it and
there went forth from it fire which burned his fingers. The Christians told him that
this is the base of the Holy Cross and they told him how it was discovered and no
one was able to touch it except a Christian. He deceived the two deacons who were
standing to guard it and gave them much money so they would carry this piece and
go with it with him to his country. They took it and put it in a box and went with him
to his country along with those who were captured from the city of Jerusalem.
When Emperor Heraclius heard that, he went with his army to Persia, fought with
them and slew many of them. He traveled about this country searching for this piece
of the Holy Cross but he could not find it, for the Persian prince had dug a hole in his
garden and ordered the two deacons to put the box in it and buried it and then he
killed them.
One of the captives of that Persian prince which was the daughter of one of the
priests, was looking out of the window by chance and saw what happened. She went
to Heraclius the Emperor and told him what she saw. He went with the bishops,
priests and the soldiers to the place. They dug there and found the box, they took
the piece of the Holy Cross out, in 628 A.D., wrapped it in magnificent apparel and
Heraclius took it to the city of Constantinople and kept it there.
May the blessings of the Holy Cross be with us and Glory be to God forever. Amen.

The Eleventh Day Of The Blessed Month Of Baramhat
The Martyrdom Of St. Basil (Basilaos) The Bishop
On this day St. Basil (Basilaos) the bishop was martyred. In the year 298 A.D., Abba
Armon, Patriarch of Jerusalem, ordained this holy man among others to be bishops
without stated Sees. He sent them to preach the Kingdom of Heaven in pagan cities.
This Saint preached in many cities where they beat him and drove him out.
When he entered the city of Sharsunah, in Syria, he preached the Gospel, some of its
people believed but the others became angry and drove him out. He went outside the
city and dwelt in a cave where he gave himself to perpetual prayers and supplications
to God that the people of the city might believe in Christ.
The son of the Governor of that city died, he was his only child, and he grieved on
him exceedingly. On the day that the Governor buried his son, he saw him in a vision
at night, standing before him saying: "Call St. Basilaos and ask him to pray to the
Lord Christ on my behalf because I am in great darkness." The Governor woke up
from his dream and took the nobles of the city, went to the cave of St. Basilaos and
asked him to enter the city to pray for his son. The Saint agreed to their request and
went with them to where the Governor's son was buried. He prayed to God with
fervent supplication and the son rose up alive with the power of God.
The Governor, his household, and many of the people of the city believed, and were
baptized by the hands of this Saint. There were in the city a congregation of Jews
who were envious of the Saint. They joined with the men of the city who did not
believe, and rose up against the Saint and beat him and dragged him until he yielded
up his soul in peace.
May his prayers be with us and Glory be to God forever. Amen.

The Twelfth Day Of The Blessed Month Of Baramhat
1. The Commemoration of the Honorable Angel Michael.
2. The Commemoration of the revealing of the virginity of St. Demetrius the Twelfth
Pope of Alexandria.
3. The Martyrdom of St. Malachias of Palestine.
4. The Martyrdom of St. Glathinos in Damascus.
1. On this day the church celebrates the commemoration of the head of the heavenly
hosts the honorable Angel Michael, the intercessor for the human race.
May his intercession be with us. Amen.
2. On this day also the church celebrates the commemoration of the revealing of the
virginity of St. Demetrius the Twelfth Pope of Alexandria. The angel of the Lord
appeared to St. Julian, the Eleventh Pope, before his departure and said: "You are
going to the Lord Christ, the one who will bring you tomorrow a cluster of grapes, is
the one fit to be a Patriarch after you." On the morrow, this saint came with a cluster
of grapes, Abba Julian held him and told the people: "This is your Patriarch after me,"
and told them what the angel told him. After the departure of Abba Julian they took
him and ordained him Patriarch on the 9th. of Baramhat (March 4th., 188 A.D.) and
he was married.
Since no married Patriarch ever before this father been enthroned over the See of
Alexandria, satan entered the hearts of the laity and made them talk and grumble
against the Patriarch and the one who recommended him. The angel of God appeared
to St. Demetrius and told him about that and ordered him to remove the doubt from
their hearts by revealing to them his relation with his wife. When St. Demetrius
refused, the angel told him: "It is not meet that you save your self alone and let
others be perished because of you. But because you are a shepherd you should fight
to save your people also".
On the next day, after he had finished celebrating the Divine Liturgy, he asked the
people not to leave the church. He brought flamed charcoal, and brought his wife
from the place of the women and the congregation wondered at his action, not
knowing what he was going to do. He prayed and walked on the blazing fire, he took
a piece of the blazing fire and put it in his shawl, then he took another piece and put
it in his wife's shawl. He prayed again for a long time and both shawls did not burn.
The congregation marvelled and asked him to tell them why he did that. He told
them of his strife with his wife, and how his father and her father married them
against their will, and they have lived together as a brother and sister since they
were married forty-eight years ago, the angel of the Lord each night covered them
with his wings, and no one knew that before that time until the angel of the Lord
ordered him to reveal his secret.
The congregation marvelled for what they had seen and heard, they praised and
glorified God asking the Saint to pardon them for what they had done or said and to
forgive them. He accepted their apology, forgave them, blessed them, and sent them
to their homes glorifying the Father, and the Son, and the Holy Spirit talking about
what they saw of wonders from this Saint.
May his prayers be with us. Amen.
3. On this day also the righteous St. Malachias was martyred in the land of Palestine.
May his prayers be with us. Amen.
4. On this day the church also celebrates the commemoration of the martyrdom of St.
Glathinos (Glazinos) who was in the early part of the reign of the Emperor
Constantine the great. This Saint was from the city of Marmeen, near Damascus. He
was acting with a group of people who were from the city of Heleopolis, Lebanon, and
dedicated themselves to worship idols.
One day they gathered in the theater, and the actors poured cold water in a large
brass basin, and started mocking those who go to the holy Christian baptism. They
dipped one of those actors in the water, to act his baptism, when he came out of the
water they put on him white cloth. This actor after he had come out of the water,
refused to go on acting, and made it known that he prefered to die Christian on the
Name of the Lord Christ, and he added to that saying: "While you were mocking
during my renewal with the Holy Baptism, I have witnessed a wondrous miracle."
Those who were present became offended, and extremely furious for they were
pagans. They seized the Saint, stoned him, and St. Glathinos delivered up his soul
and received the crown of martyrdom, and was counted among the holy martyrs. His
family and many of the Christians came, took his body, and buried him in the city
where they built a church after his name.
May his blessings be with us and Glory be to God forever. Amen.

The Thirteenth Day Of The Blessed Month Of Baramhat
1. The Departure of Abba Dionysius, the Fourteenth Pope of Alexandria.
2. The Return of the Great Sts. Anba Macarius the Great and Anba Macarius of
Alexandria, from Exile.
3. The Martyrdom of the Forty Martyrs of Sebastia.
1. On this day (March 8th, 264 A.D.) the great father Abba Dionysius, the fourteenth
Pope of Alexandria, departed. His parents were stare worshippers of the Sun
(Sabians) and they put emphasis on teaching him all the knowledge of that sect.
One day a Christian old woman passed by him, who had with her some pages of a
book containing an Epistle of St. Paul the apostle and offered it to him to buy it.
When he read it he found in it strange sayings and unusual knowledge. He asked her:
"For how much will you sell it?" She said: "For one dinar of gold." He gave her three
dinars and asked her to find the rest of the pages of the book and he was willing to
pay her double. She went and brought him more pages. Having read them through he
found the book to be still incomplete, he asked her to search for the rest of the book.
She told him: "I found these quires among my father's books. If you want to acquire
the complete book, go to the church and there you can find it."
He went and asked one of the priests to show him what is called the Epistles of Paul.
He gave it to him, read it, and memorized it. Then he went to St. Demetrius the
twelfth Pope, who taught and instructed him in the facts of the Christian faith then
baptized him. He became well rehearsed in the doctrine and knowledge of the church,
and Anba Demetrius appointed him a teacher for the people.
When Anba Demetrius departed and Anba Heraclas (Yaroklas) was enthroned, he
appointed him as a deputy to judge among the believers and entrusted him to
administer the affairs of the patriarchate.
When St. Heraclas departed, all the people agreed to appoint this father Patriarch.
He was enthroned on the first of Tubah (December 28th, 246 A.D.) during the reign of
Emperor Philip who was a lover of the Christians, and he shepherded his flock with
the best of care, nevertheless, he suffered much tribulations. When Decius rose up
against Philip and killed him, and reigned in his place, he incited persecution against
the Christians. Decius slew many of the patriarchs, bishops, and believers. This
father endured much suffering during that time. Decius died and Gallus reigned after
him, and persecution quieted down during his reign.
When Gallus died and Valerian reigned in his place, he renewed the persecution
severely against the Christians, and his men seized Abba Dionysius and imprisoned
him. They asked him to worship the idols but he refused saying: "We worship God
the Father, and His Son Jesus Christ, and the Holy Spirit the One God." They
threatened him, killed few men in front of him to terrify him but he was not afraid.
They banished him and shortly after, they brought him back and told him: "We have
been informed that you consecrate the offering secretly by yourself." He replied: "We
do not forsake our prayers day or night" then he turned to the people present around
him and told them: "Go and pray and if I am away from you in the body, I shall be
with you in spirit." The governor became raged and returned him to exile.
When Sapor king of Persia overcame Emperor Valerian and seized him, his son
Gallienus, who was wise and gentle, took over the empire. He released all the
believers who were in prison and brought back those who were in exile. He wrote to
the Patriarch and the bishops a letter to assure their safety in opening the churches.
In the days of this father, certain people arose in the Arabian countries saying: "That
the soul dies with the body, and on the day of Resurrection, it shall be raised up with
it." He gathered against them a council and anathematized them. When Paul of
Samosata denied the Son, a Council assembled against him in Antioch, this Saint was
not able to attend for his age. He wrote a letter to the council, rich with wisdom,
explained in it the corruptive opinion of this heretic, and stated the true Orthodox
belief. He finished his good strife, and departed in a good old age on (March 8th, 264
A.D.), having sat on the Apostolic Throne seventeen years, two month and ten days.
May his prayers be with us. Amen.
2. On this day also is the commemoration of the return of the Great Sts. Anba
Macarius the Great and Anba Macarius of Alexandria, from exile on an island in Upper
Egypt. Emperor Valens the arian had exiled them to this island.
The natives of this island worshipped idols, and according to the orders of Valens the
two Saints were tortured severely for three years. It came to pass one day that satan
entered the daughter of the pagan priest of this island and tortured her. St. Macarius
the great came forward and prayed over her and the Lord healed her and
subsequently the priest and the people of the island believed on the Lord Christ. The
Saints taught them the facts of the Christian faith and baptized them on the eve of
the feast of Epiphany, 11th. of Tubah, changed the temple into a church, and with a
revelation from the Lord Christ they ordained priests and deacons for them.
When they wished to return they did not know the way, so the angel of the Lord
appeared to them, guided them walking, until they reached Alexandria. From there
they went to the wilderness of Sheahat (Scetis). The monks of the wilderness came
out to meat them, and they were at that time about fifty thousand monks among
them were Anba John the short and Anba Bishoy, and they all rejoiced to meat their
The prayers of these Saints be with us. Amen.
3. On this day also the holy forty martyrs of the city of Sebastia were martyred.
Emperor Constantine the great had appointed his friend Lecius ruler for the east and
commanded him to treat the Christians well. When he arrived to his headquarter, he
ordered his subordinate to worship the idols but they refused and cursed his idols.
That night some of the soldiers and their children, from the city of Sebastia, made an
agreement among themselves to go to the governor confessing their faith. While
they were sleeping the angel of the Lord appeared to them, strengthened them and
comforted their hearts.
In the morning they stood before the Governor and confessed their faith in the Lord
christ, he threatened them but they were not afraid. He commanded his men to stone
them, but the stones came back upon those who stoned them. He ordered to throw
them in a nearby lake, which was icy. Their organs were severed because of the
excessive cold. One of them whose strength was weakened, went out of the icy water
and entered the bath house nearby the lake. The heat in the bath house melted the
ice that was on him but he died quickly, and lost his reward.
One of the guards saw angels descending from the heaven and in their hands crowns,
they placed them over the heads of the thirty nine martyrs and remained one crown
in the hand of the angel. The guard went down into the lake shouting "I am
christian...I am christian." He took the crown that was in the hand of the angel and
was counted among the martyrs.
Among the martyrs, were young men, whose mothers encouraged and strengthened
them. Because they remained in the lake for a long time and they did not die, the
Governor wished to break their legs, but the Lord took their souls and reposed them.
He ordered to burn their bodies and to cast them after that into the sea. As they
were carrying them out of the lake, they found a young man alive, so they left him.
His mother took him and tried to threw him on the wagon with his mates but they
put him off the wagon again for he was still alive. His mother took him and he died in
her bosom so she put him back on the wagon. They took them outside the city and
cast them into the fire which did not harm them, then they casted them into the river.
On the third day those holy martyrs appeared to the Bishop of Sebastia in a vision
and told him: "Go to the river and take our bodies." He went with the priests,
deacons and the people to the river and found the bodies. They carried the bodies
with great honor and placed them in a beautiful shrine, and their strife was heard in
all the countries.
May their prayers be with us and Glory be to God forever. Amen.

The Fourteenth Day Of The Blessed Month Of Baramhat
1. The Departure of Anba Kyrellos (Cyril) the Seventy Fifth Pope of Alexandria.
2. The Martyrdom of St. Shenouda (Sinouti) El Bahnasawy.
3. The Martyrdom of the Sts. Eugenius, Agathodorus and Elpidius.
1. On this day of the year 959 A.M. (Marsh 10, 1243 A.D.) departed the holy father
Anba Kyrellos, the seventy fifth Pope of Alexandria, who was known as Ebn-Loqloq.
This father was enthroned on the twenty third of the month of Baounah, 951 A.M.
(June 17th., 1235 A.D.). There were objections at first in choosing him but finally
they unanimously agreed on him.
During the days of this father a holy council convened, which was attended by all the
bishops of the See of St. Mark, and they put down a comprehensive cannons for the
church. The honorable scholar El-Safy Ebn El-Assal was the secretary of this council.
This father sat on the Patriarchal Chair for seven years, eight month and twenty three
days. He departed in El-Shamaa (Wax) monastery in the year 959 A.M. (March 10,
1243 A.D.)
May his prayers be with us. Amen.
2. On this day also St. Shenouda (Sinouti) El Bahnasawy was martyred. Certain men
laid accusations against him before Maximianus, a governor appointed by Diocletian,
that he was Christian. The Governor brought him, and asked him about his faith, and
the Saint confessed his faith in the Lord Christ and that He was the True God. He
ordered the soldiers to throw him on the ground, to beat him with hammers until his
flesh was torn, and his blood flew on the ground, then they casted him into a prison
with repulsive odor. The Lord sent Michael the Archangel to him, healed his wounds,
encouraged and strengthened him. He told him that he will receive the crown of glory
after he had endured what would befall him from severe tortures.
On the next morning the Governor ordered his soldiers to go and look at him, and
they found him standing up praying. When they told the Governor about him and
when he saw him whole and un-harmed, he was amazed and said: "He is a sorcerer."
Then he ordered to crucify him with his head downwards, and to light fire under him,
but it did not harm him. They squeezed him with the wheel and finally they beheaded
him and hacked his body into pieces with swords and casted him to the dogs which
did not come near him. During the night the believers took him and poured over him
expensive perfumes, shrouded him in costly wrappings, laid him in a coffin and buried
May his prayers be with us. Amen.
3. On this day also the Sts. Eugenius, Agathodorus and Elpidius were martyred.
These holy men were Christians, through their fathers and forefathers, walking in the
way of God, and had a great deal of knowledge about the church subjects. St.
Hermon (Armos) Patriarch of Jerusalem ordained them bishops without parishes to go
around preaching and teaching the word of God.
They went and preached in many cities, and the people of one of the cities went out,
beat them very severely, then they stoned them until they departed in peace and
received the crown of martyrdom.
May their prayers be with us and Glory be to God forever. Amen.

The Fifteenth Day Of The Blessed Month Of Baramhat
1. The Departure of St. Sarah the nun.
2. The Martyrdom of St. Helias of Hnes.
1. On this day departed the righteous and ascetic St. Sarah the nun who was a native
of Upper Egypt. Her parents, who were exceedingly rich, were Christians and had no
other children. They raised her in a christian manner and taught her reading and
writing. She was always reading the books of the church and especially the biography
and sayings of the fathers the monks. She was influenced by their lives and desired
the ascetic life. She went to one of the convents of Upper Egypt and dwelt there for
many years serving the virgins.
Then she put on the monastic garb, persisting on fighting the lust of Satan for
thirteen years until Satan was weary of her. When Satan was exasperated from her
steadfastness and purity, he wished to overthrow her by the sin of pride. He
appeared to her while she was standing praying on the roof of her cell and said to
her: "Rejoice for you have overcome Satan." She replied: "I am a feeble woman, and I
can not conquer you except by the power of the Lord Christ" and then Satan vanished.
This Saint had many useful sayings that she used to say to the nuns. One of her
sayings: "I never set my foot upon the step of the ladder, and I never go up to the
next step without thinking I may die before I raise my leg so that the enemy might
not entice me with the hope of a long life." And she also said: " IT is better for a
man to show mercy even to satisfy men for the time will come that it will be to
satisfy God." She also had many other sayings written in the Paradise of the Fathers.
She stayed on the banks of the river in a cave for sixty years fighting a great fight
and no one saw her until she departed to the eternal bless and she was eighty years
May her prayers be with us. Amen.
2. On this day also St. Helias of Hnes was martyred.
May his prayers be with us and Glory be to God forever. Amen.

The Sixteenth Day Of The Blessed Month Of Baramhat
The Departure Of The Saint Anba Khail (Mikhail) the Forty Sixth Pope Of The See Of
St. Mark
On this day of the year 483 A.M. (March 12th, 767 A.D.) the holy father Anba Khail
(Mikhail), the forty six Pope of the See Of St. Mark, departed. This father was a monk
in the monastery of St. Macarius and he was knowledgeable and ascetic. When Pope
Theodorus the forty fifth Patriarch, his predecessor, departed the bishops of Lower
Egypt (Delta) and the priests of Alexandria gathered in the church of Anba Shenouda
in Cairo.
A Dispute arose among them about who was fit, and finally they called Anba Mousa,
Bishop of  Ouseem, and Anba Petros, Bishop of Mariout. When they arrived, Anba
Mousa found the priests of Alexandria obstinate, he rebuked them for that, and
dismissed them that night so their minds and souls might calm down. When they met
the next day he mentioned to them the name of the priest Khail the monk in the
monastery of St. Macarius. They unanimously agreed to his choice and obtained a
decree from the Governor of Egypt to the elders of the wilderness of Sheahat (Wadi
El-Natroun) to bring him from the monastery. On their way, when they arrived to
Geza they found father Khail coming along with some elders to fulfill a certain task
connected with the monastery. They seized him, bound him, and took him to
Alexandria where they ordained him Patriarch on the 17th. of Tute, year 460 A.M.
(September 14th., year 743 A.D.).
It Happened that there was a drought in the city of Alexandria for two years, and on
that day the  rain fell heavily for three days and the people of Alexandria considered
that a good omen. During the reign of Marawan the last of the Khalifas of the
Umayyad rule and during the governorship of Hefs Ebn El-Walid and during the days
of this father many great tribulations fell upon the believers.
A large number of the believers fled from Egypt and the number of those who denied
Christ was twenty-four thousand, and because of that the Patriarch was in great
sorrow until God perished those were responsible for that. This father endured many
difficulties from Abdel Malek Ebn-Marawan the new governor. He imprisoned, beaten,
chained, and tortured him with many other ways of painful tortures, then he released
him. The Patriarch went to Upper Egypt to collect alms and when he came back, the
Governor took the money from him and threw him back in prison. When Keriakos king
of Nuba knew that, he was extremely enraged, he prepared one hundred thousand
soldiers and marched down to Egypt. Going threw Upper Egypt he slew all the
Muslims that he met, until he reached El Fostat (Cairo), he camped around the city
threatening to destroy it. When Abdel Malek the Governor saw the army surrounding
the city and that all this had taken place for the sake of the Patriarch, he became
terrified, so he released him from prison with great honor. The Governor entreated
the Patriarch to mediate peace between him and the king of Nuba. The Patriarch
agreed to his request, so he went with some of the clergy to meet the king and
asked him to accept the peace from abdel Malek which the king accepted and
returned back. Abdel Malek respected the Christians and lifted up all his retribution.
When the father the Patriarch prayed for the sake of the Governor's daughter, who
was possessed with an unclean spirit, and with his prayers the unclean spirit left her,
the Governor increased his respect for the Christians.
This father debated with Cosmas the Melchite Patriarch concerning the Hypostatic
Union. Pope Khail wrote him a letter, signed it along with his bishops, which said in
it: "It is not right to say that in Christ two distinct Natures or two distinct Persons
after the Hypostatic Union." Cosmas was convinced with that and asked to become a
bishop under the authority of Anba Khail. When Anba Khail completed his strife, he
departed to the Lord whom he loved after he had spent on the Chair of St. Mark
twenty-three and half years.
May his prayers be with us and Glory be to God forever. Amen.

The Seventeenth Day Of The Blessed Month Of Baramhat
1. The Departure of Lazarus, the beloved of the Lord.
2. The Commemoration of the Sts. George the ascetic, Belasius the martyr, and Anba
Joseph the bishop.
3. The Departure of St. Basilius, Bishop of Jerusalem.
4. The Martyrdom of St. Sedhom Bishay in Domiat.
1. On this day the righteous Lazarus, the beloved of the Lord Christ, departed. He
was the brother of Martha and Mary who anointed the Lord with fragrant oil and
wiped His feet with her hair. When Lazarus fell sick the sisters sent to the Lord
Christ saying: "Lord, behold, he whom You love is sick." When Jesus heard that, He
said, "This sickness is not unto death, but for the glory of God, that the Son of God
may be glorified through it." Now Jesus loved Martha and her sister and Lazarus. So,
when He heard that he was sick, He stayed two more days in the place where He
was" to magnify the miracle.
Then after this He said to the disciples, "Let us go to Judea again." The disciples told
Him, "Rabbi, lately the Jews sought to stone You, and are You going there again?"
Jesus answered, "Are there not twelve hours in the day? If anyone walks in the day,
he does not stumble, because he sees the light of this world. "But if one walks in the
night, he stumbles, because the light is not in him." These things He said, and after
that He said to them, "Our friend Lazarus sleeps, but I go that I may wake him up."
Then His disciples said, "Lord, if he sleeps he will get well." However, Jesus spoke of
his death, but they thought that He was speaking about taking rest in sleep. Then
Jesus said to them plainly, "Lazarus is dead. And I am glad for your sakes that I was
not there, that you may believe. Nevertheless let us go to him."
When the Lord came to Bethany which is nearby Jerusalem He stood before the tomb
and said: "Take away the stone." Martha, the sister of him who was dead, said to
Him, "Lord, by this time there is a stench, for he has been dead four days." Jesus
said to her, "Did I not say to you that if you would believe you would see the glory of
God?" Then they took away the stone from the place where the dead man was lying.
And Jesus lifted up His eyes and prayed then he cried with a loud voice, "Lazarus,
come forth!" And he who had died came out bound hand and foot with graveclothes,
and his face was wrapped with a cloth. Jesus said to them, "Loose him, and let him
go." (John 11:1-45)
That was to manifest the reality of his death, so no one would think that this was
deception with previous arrangement, for that the miracle was magnified and many
The prayers of this righteous be with us. Amen.
2. On this day also the church celebrates the commemoration of the Sts. George the
ascetic, Belasius the martyr, and Anba Joseph the bishop.
May their prayers be with us. Amen.
3. On this day also of the year 1615 A.M. (March 26th., 1899 A.D.) the great father
Anba Basilius, Metropolitan of Jerusalem, departed. This father was born in the
village of El-Dabah, Farshout county, the province of Quena, for righteous parents.
They nursed him with the milk of righteousness since his young age, as they taught
him reading and writing, so he grew on loving perfection and moral excellence.
When he was twenty-five years old he went to the monastery of St. Antonios and put
on the monastic garb in the year 1559 A.M. He persevered in worshipping and
ascetism and because he was adorned with righteousness and piety they ordained
him priest in the year 1565 A.M. and archpriest (Hegumen) in the year 1568 A.M.,
then they appointed him an Abott for the monastery. He managed the monastery well
with gentleness, wisdom and meekness that made the blessed Anba Kyrellos IV to
ordain him Metropolitan for Jerusalem and the parishes that were attached to him:
El-Kaliobia, El-Sharkia, El-Dakahlia, El-Gharbia, Suez, Domiat, and Port-Said.
He had shown prudence in managing the affairs of these parishes that made him the
center of admiration and pride to the Copts. All his efforts were dedicated for the
building of churches all over his parish, buying and renovating properties in Jaffa and
Jerusalem. He was loved by all the people of Syria and Palestine, regardless of their
religion or political persuasion, especially the rulers of Jerusalem, for his wise policy
and straight morals.
During his days a dispute aroused from the Ethiopians where they claimed their
ownership for the monastery of El-Sultan in Jerusalem. Because of this father and his
vigilance they could not establish an ownership for the monastery. He attended the
enthronement of Pope Demetrius II, the hundred eleventh, and Pope Kyrellos V, the
hundred twelfth. He spent his days in continuous effort for what was good for his
people and departed in peace.
May his prayers be with us. Amen.
4. On this day also the church commemorates the martyrdom of Sedhom Bishay in
Domiat on the 17th. of Baramhat year 1565 A.D. (March 25th., 1844 A.D.). He
endured the torture for the Name of the Lord Christ and his martyrdom made the
rising of the Cross during the Christian funeral processions openly, for it was
forbidden before.
This martyr was a clerical employee in the government of the port of Domiat during
the days of Mohammed Ali Basha the Governor of Egypt. A revolt of mobs in the port
arose, they seized Sidhom Bishay and accused him falsely that he cursed Islam and
witnessed against him before the religious judge a low uncivilized person and a
donkey driver. The judge decided either he would forsake his faith or be killed, he
whipped him and then sent him to the Governor of the city. After the Governor had
examined his case he issued the same judgement against him as the judge did.
Sidhom was steadfast in his Christian faith, not caring to be killed. They whipped,
dragged him on his face down the stairs in the Governor palace, then they put him on
a buffalo facing the tail and went around with him in the streets of the city insulting
and degrading him. The Christians in the city became afraid and locked themselves in
their houses.
The mob continued to insult him and tortured him in different ways until he was
about to deliver his soul; so they brought him to the door of his house and left him
there. His family went out and brought him inside and five days later he departed to
His departure was a great martyrdom, and the Christians counted him among the holy
martyrs. They gathered regardless of their denomination and joined in his funeral in a
celebration that there was nothing like it before. The Christians carried their arms
and the priest put on their vestments headed by the Archpriest Yousef Michael who
was the head of the Coptic congregation in Domiat and accompanied by the priests of
the other denominations. They marched in his funeral in the streets of the city and in
front of him the deacons carrying the banners of the Cross, and they arrived to the
church where they prayed the funeral rites. The people went on objecting this
reprehensible and painful incident and talking about the patience and endurance of
the different kinds of torture in silence and the steadfastness of Sidhom the martyr.
The prominent people of the Christian community in Domiat deliberated as how to
avoid these incidents in the future. They decided to ask the consuls of the foreign
countries to mediate with the ruler of the country and the Pope the Patriarch of the
Copts and sent to them detailed reports. Mr Michail Sorour the official representative
of seven countries in Domiat was in charge of this mediation.
The ruler of Egypt was concerned about this incident and sent two official
representatives to examine the case. So they reopened the inquiry and they realized
the injustice and the ill-treatment that befell the great martyr and convicted the
judge and the governor for their wrong doing, stripped them from their honor then
exiled them. They asked, as a good will and to comfort the people, to allow the
raising of the Cross publicly before the Christian funerals, and the ruler allowed that
in Domiat. This was allowed later on all over the country during the Papacy of Pope
Kyrellos IV.
The blessings of this great martyr be with us and glory be to God forever. Amen.

The Eighteenth Day Of The Blessed Month Of Baramhat
The Martyrdom of St. Isidore, Friend of Sina the Soldier
On this day St. Isidore the companion of Sina the soldier was martyred. Sina, who
was a native of the city of Deknash, was one of the soldiers who accompanied the
Governor of Farma. St. Isidore was his friend and he was working as wool maker.
Both of them gave alms to the poor and needy with what they earned. One night
both saw a vision and it seemed to them that a virgin came to them with crowns
which she placed on their heads. When they woke up from their sleep they told each
other about what they had seen, and they rejoiced greatly as they believed that the
Lord had called them to receive the crown of martyrdom. They went to the Governor
and sina unbound the soldier's girdle and cast it down before him and they both
confessed the Lord Christ. He ordered their detention but God sent His angel and
comforted them.
The Governor sent St. Sina to Alexandria and St. Isidore remained prisoner alone.
After a short period St. Sina was returned back to the Farma and St. Isidore rejoiced
at meeting his friend, and they told each other what had happened to them. The
Governor tortured them severely and ordered St. Isidore to be cast into a pit with fire
therein. St. Isidore asked the soldier to wait and he prayed asking our Lord Christ to
accept his soul and to care for his body. He gave himself to the soldiers and they
threw him into the pit but his body was not harmed in any way by the fire. The
mother of St. Sina was weeping for her son because of his separation from his friend.
After a short while St. Isidore delivered up his soul and at that time the mother of St.
Sina saw a multitude of angels carrying away St. Isidore's soul.
May his intercession be with us and glory be to God fore ever. Amen.

The Nineteenth Day Of The Blessed Month Of Baramhat
1. The Martyrdom of St. Aristobulus, the apostle.
2. The Martyrdom of the Sts. Alexander, Agabius, Alexander, Timol (Timolaos),
Romulus, and Blesius (Valesius).
1. On this day St. Aristobulus, one of the seventy apostles that was chosen and sent
to preach by the Lord before His passion, was martyred. He received along with the
disciples the gifts of the Spirit the comforter, accompanied, ministered to them and
preached with them the Life-giving Gospel. He turned many to the path of salvation,
believed in the Lord Christ, baptized them and taught them the Divine
The disciples ordained him bishop for the city of Abratabias, and he went there,
preached it's people, performed many miracles, taught and baptized them. Many
tribulations and humiliation befell him from the Jews and the Greeks, who threw him
out many times, and cast him with stones. Having finished his strife, he departed in
peace. St. Paul had mentioned him in his Epistle to the Romans (Ch.16:10).
May his prayers be with us. Amen.
2. On this day also is the commemoration of the seven holy martyrs: Alexander the
Egyptian, Agabius and Alexander from the city of Gaza, Timol (Timolaos) from
Pontus, Dionysius from the city of Tripoli, and Romulus, and Blesius (Valesius) from
the villages of Egypt. These men were joined together with the Christian love, and
they came to the Governor of Caesarea, Palestine, and confessed before him the Lord
Christ. They all were martyred and received the crown of martyrdom during the days
of Diocletian.
May their prayers be with us and Glory be to God forever. Amen.

The Twentieth Day Of The Blessed Month Of Baramhat
1. The Departure Of the St. Anba Khail (Mikhail) the Fifty Six Pope of the See of St.
2. Raising of Lazarus from the dead.
1. On this day of the year 623 A.M. (March 16th., 907 A.D.) the holy father Anba Khail
(Mikhail), the fifty six Pope of Alexandria, departed. He was enthroned Patriarch on
the 30th. of Baramouda 5296 A.M. (April 25th., year 880 A.D.). This father had nobel
qualities, nevertheless a great sorrow came upon him.
Pope Cosma II built a church on the name of St. Ebtelmaos in the city of Danousher
which was under the jurisdiction of the bishop of Sakha. The people of Danousher
desired to invite the father the Patriarch Anba Mikhail and some of the neighboring
bishops to consecrate this church but the Bishop of Sakha was not pleased with this
idea. When they did against his wish and the father the Patriarch along with the
bishops came, this bishop refused to stay and he left the church pretending that he
was going to check on their meal. When the Bishop did not come back, and the time
to start the service had passed, the bishops and the elders asked the father the
Patriarch to begin the service. Having urged the Patriarch and pointed out that he
was the father of them all and having authority over them, with difficulty he rose up
and prayed the prayer of thanks giving and the offering of the Lamb. When the
Bishop heard of this, and for his wickedness and his love for the glory of the world,
he became enraged with the excuse that the Patriarch had violated the cannons of
the church and celebrated the divine Liturgy in a parish without the permission of its
bishop. He returned to the church in hast and Satan entered his heart, he
transgressed against the holy and pure altar and the offering that was on it, then left
the church full of wrath. The father the Patriarch completed the Divine Liturgy with
calmness and maturity.
On the following day the Patriarch held a council from the bishops who were with
him, the priests, and the scholars and they excommunicated this bishop and
appointed another in his stead. That Bishop became furious, Satan entered his heart
and he went to the Governor of Egypt Ahmad Ebn-Tolon and told him: "The Patriarch
is very wealthy, and his churches are filled with vessels, in gold and silver."
This Governor was preparing to go to war and needed funds to finance these
preparations. He called the Patriarch and demanded the church funds and its vessels,
but the Patriarch refused. He shut him up in prison with a deacon whose name was
Ebn El-Monzer for a year during which the Pope ate only bread, salt, and boiled
beans. John and Moses, two scribes of the Governor, agreed with the scribes of the
Governor's minister John and his son Macarius to free the father the Patriarch and
they asked for the minister's help who agreed to their request. He interceded on their
behalf before the Governor Ebn-Tolon who agreed on a condition that the Patriarch
pay him 20 thousand Dinar. The Patriarch wrote a promissory note to pay the amount
on two installments: the first after one month and the second after four month and
this way he was able to leave the prison. When the time came to pay the first
instalment those scribes paid two thousand dinar, the minister contributed one
thousand and Anba Michail paid seven thousands, he collected from the bishops and
the believers.
The pope was compelled to travel to collect the sum required for the second
instalment. When he was at the city of Belbays, a monk with ragged cloth passed by
the Pope's disciples and told them: "Go and tell your teacher that the lord will relieve
him from his fine after forty days." When the father heard that he sent for that monk
but they could not find him. Before that period had passed Ebn-Tolon died and his
son Khamarawaih, who forgave the Patriarch of his debt, took his place year 875 A.M.
He called the Patriarch, comforted him and then tore up the promissory note as the
monk had prophesied.
The wicked Bishop that caused all these troubles for the holy father Anba Mikhail, the
wrath of God came upon him in his life and his death to be an example for others.
This father spent twenty seven years on the chair of St. Mark, then departed in peace.
May his prayers be with us. Amen.
2. On this day also the Lord raised the righteous lazarus from the dead and many
people believed because of this great miracle. Glory be to God forever. Amen.

The Twenty First Day Of The Blessed Month Of Baramhat
1. The Commemoration of the Theotokos and Ever-Virgin St. Mary.
2. The Commemoration of the visit of Our Lord Christ to Bethany.
3. The Consultation of the chief Priests to put the righteous Lazarus to death, whom
the Lord raised from the dead.
1. On this day we celebrate the commemoration of the pure, and chaste, Virgin Mary
the Theotokos, mother of the merciful, and the compassionate One.
May her intercession be with us. Amen
2. On this day also we commemorate the visit of Our Lord, God, and Savior Jesus
Christ with his disciples to Bethany, which is near by Jerusalem. Lazarus, who had
been dead, and Jesus raised him, sat at the table with Him, and Martha his sister
served those who were present. Then Mary took a pound of very costly oil of
spikenard, anointed the feet of Jesus, and wiped His feet with her hair, and the Lord
praised her. He pointed out to His death by saying: "She has kept this for the day of
My burial." (John 12:1-8)
3. On this day also was the consultation of the chief Priests to put the righteous
Lazarus to death, whome the Lord raised from the dead. For many, because of the
greatness of this sign, had believed in Our lord Jesus christ.
To Him is the Glory forever. Amen.

The Twenty Second Day Of The Blesses Month Of Baramhat
1. The Departure of St. Kyrellos (Cyril), Bishop of Jerusalem.
2. The Departure of St. Michael, Bishop of Naqadah.
1. On this day of the year 386 A.D. the holy father Anba Kyrellos (Cyril), Bishop of
Jerusalem, departed. This father was chosen in the year 348 A.D. as a successor for
Anba Maximus, Bishop of Jerusalem, for his knowledge and righteousness. He did not
stay long on his Chair, until a contention arose between him and Acacius Bishop of
Caesarea about who had the right to be in primacy over the other. Kyrellos argument
in that he was the successor of St. James, one of the Twelve Disciples.
Anba Kyrellos had sold some of the church vessels and distributed the money on the
needy because of a famine that befell the land of Palestine. Acacius took this chance
and made an effort to obtain an order to exile him from the country. Anba Kyrellos
was exiled without any one listening to his case. In the year 359 A.D., he appealed
his case before the council of Seleucia. The council called Acacius to hear from him
his argument, but he did not attend, so they judged by removing him from his office,
and the return of Kyrellos to his Chair (Parish). He did not stay long for Acacius went
and enticed emperor Constans to assemble a council at Constantinople and the Arian
bishops agreed with him. This council convened in the year 360 A.D. and ordered to
exile this saint once more.
When Constans died, and was succeeded by Julian who ordered the return of all the
exiled bishops to their chairs. This saint returned to his chair in the year 362 A.D.
and shepherded his people faithfully and honestly, but he resisted the Arians. They
went to emperor Valens the Arian who invalidated the order of his predecessor Julian
stating the return of the exiled bishops to their chairs. This way St. Kyrellos was
exiled for the third time, where he remained until the death of Valens in the year 379
A.D. When Theodosius the great reigned and assembled the one hundred fifty in a
council against Macedonius (The second universal council), this father attended, and
opposed Macedonius, Sabilius and other heretics. This Saint composed many Homilies
and Exhortations, exceedingly profitable, in the Doctrines of faith and old traditions
then departed in peace.
May his prayers be with us. Amen.
2. On this day also the honored father, and the unblemished bishop Anba Michael
bishop of the Chair of Naqadah, departed.
With his prayers may the Lord have mercy on us, and Glory be to God forever. Amen.

The Twenty Third Day Of The Blessed Month Of Baramhat
The Departure of the Great Prophet Daniel
On this day of the last year of king Cyrus King of Babylon, the great righteous
prophet Daniel Departed. This prophet was from the tribe of Judah, and from the
posterity of king David. He was taken captive along with the Israelites by
Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon when he captured Jerusalem in the year 3398 of the
world. He stayed in babylon for seventy years. This prophet was very young in age,
however, he conducted himself in virtuous life, the Holy Spirit filled him and he
prophesied in Babylon.
In the fourth year of the exile, Nebuchadnezzar the king saw a dreadful dream and
was extremely frightened. When he woke up, he forgot the detail of his dream. He
gathered all the wise men of Babylon to tell the king his dream and its meaning. If
they failed to tell the king the dream and its interpretation they would all be killed,
among those also were Daniel and the three young men. Daniel and the young men
prayed to God with supplications to reveal to them the King's dream. God answered
their prayers and revealed to Daniel the dream and its interpretation. Daniel went to
the king and told him his dream and its interpretation. He also told him about the
kings that they are about to rule after him, and what would happen to every one of
them. Nebuchadnezzar was pleased with Daniel, and fell on his face before him. The
king presented Daniel with great gifts and appointed him over the wise men of
After some time had passed, Nebuchadnezzar saw another dream, and Daniel
interpreted the dream for him. Daniel told the king that because of his arrogance,
God would drive him from among men, to dwell among the beasts of the wild and
would eat grass like oxen for seven years, and then God would bring him back to his
kingdom, and all that happened to Nebuchadnezzar. Daniel also explained to
Belshazzar, the son of Nebuchadnezzar, what the angel of the Lord had written on
the wall, when king Belshazzar drank wine in the gold and silver vessels of the
temple of the Lord. Daniel told the king: " O king, the Most High gave
Nebuchadnezzar your father, a kingdom and majesty, glory and honor... But when his
heart was lifted up in pride, he was deposed from his kingdom and thrown from his
throne into among the animals. And you, Belshazzar, although you knew all what
happened to your father, yet you also lifted your heart against the Lord of heaven.
They brought the vessels of the house of the Lord before you, and you , your lords,
wives and concubines (mistresses) drank wine from these vessels... Then the fingers
of a Hand were send from the Lord, and His writing was written: "Mene, Mene, Tekel,
and Upharsin which meant:
Mene means: God has numbered your days as a king and terminated you rule.
Tekel means: You have been weighed in the balances of the Lord and was found
Upharsin means: your kingdom has been divided and given to the Medes and Persians
after you.
All of them came to pass and the king was killed with all his lords and the kingdom
of the Chaldeans ended. Darius, king of Persia, ruled after him.
There was an idol in Babylon named "Bael" which king Darius worshiped. When Daniel
was asked why he did not worship it, Daniel answered: "I do not worship something
that has no life in it." The king said to him: "He is alive for he eats and drinks every
day." Daniel told him that could not be true. The king was angry and wanted to check
the matter for himself. He put the food and the drinks in the temple of the idol and
closed the door and sealed it. On the next day, he went to the temple, opened the
door and did not find the food nor the drinks. But Daniel with the help of some of his
companions, covered the floor of the temple with fine ashes, found the feet tracks of
those who entered the temple by night and stole the food and drinks.
The king arrested the seventy priests of the idol Bael, together with their wives and
children and tortured them until they told him about the secret entrance to the
temple. The king then ordered them all to be killed and allowed Daniel to destroy the
idol and its altar. The people rebelled against the king and asked him to deliver
Daniel to their hands. The king surrendered to their demands and Daniel was cast
into the den of lions. However God kept Daniel safe and destroyed his enemies.
Daniel saw in a vision the kingdoms and the kings to come after him to rule the world
to the end of time. He also saw the glory of God and the Divinity of Christ the Savior.
He prophesied about His coming and His death, the destruction of Jerusalem, and the
abolition of the sacrifice and the offerings, and all has been fulfilled.
This great prophet remained in Babylon for seventy years, then departed in peace.
May his prayers be with us, and glory be to God for ever. Amen.

The Twenty Fourth Day Of The Blessed Month Of Baramhat
1. The Apparition of the Pure Lady the Virgin in the church of Zeiton.
2. The Departure of Anba Macarius, the Fifty-Ninth Pope of Alexandria.
1. On the eve of this day of the year 1684 A.M. which coincide with tuesday the 2nd.
of April 1968 A.D., during the papacy of Pope Kyrellos VI, the hundred sixteenth Pope
of Alexandria, our Lady and the pride of our faith started to transfigure in luminous
spiritual forms in and around the domes of the church dedicated to her immaculate
name in Zeiton, a suburb of Cairo.
This transfiguration continued in following nights in a manner that was never known
in the East or the West. This transfiguration in some nights was as long as many
hours, without stop, in front of tens of thousands of people from every race and
religion, with every one seeing her, pointing at her and interceding to her with songs,
hymns, tears, prayers and hails and She was looking to them in a compassionate way
raising her hand at times to bless them in all directions.
The first one to notice this transfiguration was the workmen at the garage of the
Public Transit System which was across the street from the church. The watchman
Abdel-Aziz Aly, who was in charge of guarding the garage at that night, saw a
luminous body over the dome of the church. He started shouting: "light over the
dome" and he called the other workers in the garage. They all came and saw the
bright light over the large dome of the church. When they looked closely, they saw a
young lady in white, kneeling by the cross at the top of the dome. Because the dome
had a round, smooth, and very sloping surface, it held the men as though they were
nailed in their places watching the fate of the lady. Few seconds passed then they
saw the kneeling lady as she stood over the dome. They gave out a cry of fear that
she might fall down. They thought she was a girl in despair trying to commit suicide
and they cried warning that person not to jump down and some of them called the
police. The pedestrians, men and women started to gather around. The view of the
lady was getting more clear and she appeared as a beautiful girl in a bright gown of
light and had branches of olive tree in her hand, and around her flew white doves.
Then they realized that they were seeing a heavenly spiritual view. They directed
flood light to the luminous picture to remove all doubt from their minds, but instead
it became more clear and bright. They cut the electricity off all the area but the lady
remained in her heavenly illumination and her bright gown of light became more
clear. She started moving around in a circle of light radiating from her body to all the
directions around her. All the people then realized that this lady in front of them,
without no doubt is the Virgin Mary. They started to shout and cry saying: "She is the
Virgin ... She is the Mother of Light ... " They prayed with songs, hymns and hails all
the night until the next morning.
Since that night the pure Virgin had transfigured in different spiritual views in front of
thousands and ten of thousands of masses, Egyptian and foreigners, Christians and
non-christians, men, women and children. Spiritual beings formed like doves would
appear before, during and after the transfiguration zooming through the sky in a way
raising the human from a materialistic to a heavenly atmosphere.
This transfiguration was in different forms. One of the most significant ways this
apparition took place was that; the head of St. Mary under the vail looking down as
in the picture of the sad Virgin and she was looking toward the Cross and that view
would stay like this at times or slowly bow before the Cross at other times. The
Cross itself will shine and illuminate although it was made of concrete. And some
times an angel would appear standing behind her spreading his wings. That view
might stay as long as many hours.
Another view was the view of the Mother of Light standing as a great Queen in a
beautiful spiritual portrait radiating dignity, elegance and beauty. On her head was a
crown of a queen as if it were made of diamonds and some times there appeared on
the top of the crown a small luminous cross. And some times she appeared in the
same way but carrying Christ, to Him is the Glory, in the form of a child on her hand
and on His head a crown. And on other times she raised her both hands as She was
blessing the world moving to the right, to the front, and to the left in a dignified way.
Many spiritual signs appeared before, during, and after the apparition of the Virgin
the mother of the Lord's transfiguration. The appearance of tongues of yellowish
flame would flash over the  church and then subside and that repeated several times.
Another form of the signs were the  piritual beings formed like doves, larger than the
doves that we know, appear about midnight or after, flying in the middle of darkness
illuminating in a fast speed, appeared suddenly from no where, and also disappeared
suddenly. These spiritual beings appeared in different formations and in varying
numbers. A fact we should be aware of that pigeons do not fly during the night.
Another sign was the shooting stars which were constantly falling and were seen very
close to the apparition on many occasions as if coming down to glorify her from
heaven. Another sign was the fragrance of incense. The smoke of the incense poured
out of the domes in large quantities. Substance resembling clouds, thick fog or
smoke would roll in toward the church and completely cover the church.
Also the illuminated cloud that appeared over the domes of the church in large
volume and often  proceeded the transfiguration of the Virgin or at times the cloud
slowly formed in the shape of the virgin. Sometimes the apparition of the Virgin
would appear from the clouds.
This transfiguration and all the spiritual signs were a forerunner and announcement
for serious or important events to come in the near and far future. Or it might be a
spiritual gesture from heaven to indicate the Lord's caring for His church and His
people and our country.
May the mercy of God be upon us all. May the Lord keep His people and church in
peace, with the intercession of Our Lady and the pride of our race the pure Virgin St.
Mary. Amen.
2. On this day also of the year 668 A.M. (May 20th. 952 A.D.) St. Macarius the fifty
ninth Pope of Alexandria, departed. He was born in the city of Shoubra. He rejected
the world since his youth and he desired the monastic life. He went to the monastery
of St. Macarius at the wilderness of Sheahat (Scetis). He lived in virtues and good
conduct made him worthy to be chosen a Patriarch, and a successor for Pope Cosma.
He was enthroned on the first of Baramouda 648 A.M. (March 27th. 932 A.D.).
When he went forth from Alexandria going to visit the monasteries in the desert of
Scetis according to the custom of his predecessors, he passed by his home town to
visit his mother who was a righteous woman. When his mother heard that he had
arrived she did not go out to meet him. When he had come to the house, he found
her sitting down weaving and she did not greet him or paid attention to him. He
thought that she did not know him. He told her: "Don't you know that I am your son
Macarius who was elevated to a great position and became a head for a great
nation?" She answered him with tears in her eyes: "I did not ignore you and I know
what became of you, but I would have rather seen you dead than seen you as a
Patriarch. Before, you were responsible only for your own soul but now your are
responsible about the souls of all your flock: Now remember you are in danger and it
is difficult to escape it." She said that and went on weaving as she did before.
The father the Patriarch left her sad, and attended to his office with delegant and
care. He instructed his people with preaching and sermons. He did not touch any of
the church revenue, and did not lay his hand on any one without people consent. He
commanded the bishops and the priests to watch their flock and to protect them with
homilies and admonitions. He sat on the throne of St. Mark twenty years in peace
and tranquility, then departed in peace.
May his prayers be with us and Glory be to God forever. Amen.

The Twenty Fifth Day Of The Blessed Month Of Baramhat
1. The Departure of St. Onesiphorous (Friska), One of the Seventy Apostles.
2. The Departure of Pope Mattheos, the One Hundredth Pope of Alexandria.
1. On this day the great St. Friska or Onesiphorus, one of the seventy apostles
departed. This apostle was an Israelite of the tribe of Benjamin. His parents kept the
Law of Moses and were of those who followed the Savior, listened to His teachings,
and witnessed His wonders and miracles.
When Our Lord raised the son of the widow of the city of Nain, this saint was
present. He went without delay to the Lord Christ at once forsaking the light of the
lamp of the Jewish Law, to be enlightened by the Sun of righteousness. He believed
on Him heartily, was baptized, became one of the seventy apostles, and was present
with the disciples in the upper room of Zion at the time of the coming of the Holy
He preached the Gospel in many countries. He was ordained bishop for Khoranias,
where he preached it's people and enlightened them with his teachings and sermons
then baptized them. And having finished his holy strife he departed in peace. He
received the crown of heavenly glory and he was seventy years old, twenty nine years
of it as Jewish and forty one years as Christian. St. Paul mentioned him in his Second
Epistle to Timothy (2 Tim. 4:19).
May his prayers be with us. Amen.
2. On this day also of the year 1362 A.M. (March 31st. 1646 A.D.) on Lazarus'
Saturday Pope Mattheos III, the one hundredth Patriarch departed. He was known by
the name Matthew El-Toukhy, a son of Christian parents from the city of Toukh
El-Nasarah, El-Monofiah province. They feared God, caring for the strangers and
charitable to the poor and the needy. God granted them a son, they called him
Tadros, and they raised him well. They disciplined him with every spiritual discipline,
and taught him the holy church books. The grace of God filled this blessed son, so he
devoted himself to study and teach Christian education. The grace of God moved
himto the angelic and ascetic life, so he went forth from his town, left his family and
kinfolks and followed the commandments of the Lord Christ and went to the
wilderness of Sheahat. He became a monk in the monastery of the great St.
Macarius, and he fought a great fight in asceticism and worship. They ordained him a
priest so he increased in asceticism and grew in virtues then they promoted him
archpriest and head for the monastery.
Shortly after, Pope Yoannis XV, the ninety-ninth Patriarch departed, the fathers the
bishops, the priests and the notables gathered to choose who would fit to be
elevated to the Chair of St. Mark. They continued on praying asking the Lord Christ,
to Him is the glory, to chose for them a good shepherd to guard His flock from the
ravenous wolves. With the Will of the Lord Christ, the Shepherd of the shepherds,
everyone agreed on choosing father Tadros the hegumen of St. Macarius monastery.
They went to the monastery and forcibly seized him and enthroned him a Patriarch by
the name Mattheos on the 4th. of El-Nasi (The intercalary days) year 1347 A.M.
(September 7th. 1631 A.D.) and Anba Yoanis, the metropolitan of the Syrian
monastery, headed the enthronement service.
When this Pope sat on the Apostolic Chair, he cared for Christ's flock with the best of
care, and at the beginning of his days, there was peace and tranquility for the
believers. The churches rested from the tribulations that they were under. Satan the
enemy of the good envied him, he moved some evil doers against the Pope, so they
went to the Governor in Cairo and told him that whomever sat on the Patriarchal
Chair paid much money to the Governor. The Governor listened to their accusations
and called the Patriarch to collect the dues. The notables went to meet the Governor
who did not ask about the absence of the Patriarch but rather discussed the dues
that the Patriarch pay. He forced them to bring four thousands Dinars. They left him
with sadness and grief because of the heavy fine.
But God, to Him is the glory, who does not wish anyone to parish had put mercy in
the heart of a Jewish man who paid the required fine to the Governor. The notables
promised that man to pay him back, they divided the fine among them and allocated
a small portion of this heavy fine for the Pope to pay. He went to Upper Egypt to
collect the sum of money required from him, and because of his faith and his strong
belief in God's help, the people with compassionate heart and willingly gave him
what he asked them. Shortly after, he came to Lower Egypt to visit his flock, he went
to the city of Berma, and the people of the city of Toukh his home town came to him
and invited him to come to visit the city so they be blessed by him, and he fulfilled
their request. During the days of this Patriarch a great famine befell all the land of
Egypt, nothing like it happened before, the people suffered much and many died.
King of Ethiopia sent to the Patriarch asking for a Metropolitan. Pope Mattheos
ordained for them a Metropolitan from the people of the city of Assiut and sent him
to them. Much tribulations and sorrows befell this Metropolitan while he was there,
until they removed him and ordained another one instead of him.
After the Pope had finished his pastoral visit to the people of Lower Egypt and his
acceptance to the invitation of the people of Toukh to visit their city, he left Berma
with them on their way to Toukh El-Nasarah. When he drew near from the city, the
priests and the Christian mass received him with reverence, veneration, and spiritual
hymns to befit his honor. He entered the church with honor and glory and stayed with
them one year preaching and teaching the people.
On the blessed Saturday, the commemoration of the day in which the Lord raised
Lazarus from the dead, he met the priests and the people after the liturgy, ate with
them, and he bade them farewell saying, with the guidance of the Holy Spirit, that
his tomb will be in the church of this city and that he will not depart Toukh. He
dismissed the people and went to rest in the house of one of the deacons. When the
deacon returned home, he knocked on the door of the Pope's room, when he did not
get any answer he entered the room and found the Patriarch laying on his bed,
looking toward the east, his hand over his chest as the Holy Cross and his spirit had
departed in the Hands of the Lord. The priests and the people came in haste and
found him departed and his look did not change, but his face was shining as the sun.
They took his blessed body to the church, and prayed over him as worthy of the
fathers the Patriarchs, and buried him in the church in the city of Toukh his home
town. He stayed on the Apostolic Chair for fourteen years, six month and 23 days did
not eat meat or drink wine in it, and departed in a good old age.
May his prayers be with us and Glory be to God forever. Amen.

The Twenty Sixth Day Of The Blessed Month Of Baramhat
1. The Departure of St. Euphrasia (Eupraxia), the virgin.
2. The Departure of Pope Peter VI, the One Hundred and Fourth Pope of Alexandria.
1. On this day the blessed St. Euphrasia (Eupraxia) the virgin departed. She was the
daughter of a noble family in the city of Rome, who was related to Emperor Honorius.
Before her father's departure, he asked the Emperor to care for her.
Her mother went to Egypt to collect the revenues and rent of her estates and
orchards, which her husband had left her. She took her daughter, who was nine years
of age, with her, and they lodged in one of the houses of virgins. The nuns of that
convent were on high degree of asceticism, piety and devoutness, they never ate
food with meat, oil, fruits, at no time drank wine and slept on the floor.
Eupraxia loved the life in that convent, and she was pleased with the nun that served
her. That nun told her: "Promise me that you will not leave this convent"; and she
promised her that. When her mother finished her work that she came to achieve, her
daughter refused to return with her and she said to her mother: "I have vowed myself
to Christ, and I have no need for this world, for my true Bridegroom is the Lord
Christ." When her mother knew that, she gave all her money and goods to the poor
and needy, and she lived with her daughter in the convent for many years, then
departed in peace.
When Emperor Honorius heard that, he sent asking for her. She answered back saying
that she had vowed her self to the Lord Christ, and she can not break her covenant.
The Emperor marvelled at her wisdom and righteousness and allowed her to stay.
Eupraxia contended strenuously in the ascetic life, she fasted two days at a time,
then three, then four, and afterwards she fasted for a week at a time, and during the
Holy Lent she did not eat anything which was cooked. Satan was jealous of her, and
he smote her with an illness in her feet, gave her pain for a long time, until God had
compassion on her and healed her. God granted her the gift of healing the sick, and
she was beloved by all the sisters and the abbess for her humility and obedience to
One night the abbess saw in a vision crowns which had been prepared, and she
asked: "Who are these for?", and she was told: "These crowns for your daughter
Eupraxia, she will be coming to us after a short while." The abbess told the nuns of
the vision which she had seen, and commanded them not to tell Eupraxia about it.
When her time came to depart of this world, she fell sick of a slight fever. The
abbess and the nuns gathered around St. Eupraxia and asked her to remember them
before the Divine Throne, then she departed in peace.
Then right after her departure the nun her friend departed, and shortly after, the
abbess fell sick, so she gathered the nuns and told them: "Choose whom will be
abbess over you, for I am going to the Lord." When they came on the following
morning to visit her, they found that she had departed.
May their prayers be with us. Amen.
2. On this day also the church commemorates the departure of Pope Peter VI
(Petros), the one hundred and fourth Patriarch in the year 1442 A.M. (April 2nd., 1726
A.D.). This blessed father and spiritual angel was the son of pure and Christian
parents from the city of Assiut. They raised him well, educated him with ecclesiastic
subjects and manners and he excelled in them. His name was Mourgan, but later on
he became known by the name Peter El-Assuity. The grace of God was on him since
his young age, and when he came to the age of maturity, he forsook the world and
what in it, and longed to the monastic life. He went to the monastery of the great
St.Antonios in the mount of El-Arabah, he dwelt there, became a monk and put on
the monastic garb. He exerted himself in worship, and when he achieved the ascetic
life, purity, righteousness, and humility, the fathers the monks chose him to be a
priest. They took him against his will to Cairo, and he was ordained a priest, for the
monastery of the great Saint Anba Paula the first hermit, among others, by the hand
of Pope Yoannis El-Toukhy (103), in the church of the Lady the Virgin in Haret
El-Roum. He increased in virtues and he became well known among the people.
When Pope Yoannis, the above mentioned, departed, the Chair became vacant after
him for two month and six days. They went on looking for whom was fit for this
honorable rank so they chose some priests and monks. They wrote their names on
pieces of papers, placed them over the alter and celebrated the Divine Liturgy. On
the third day after asking and supplicating God to raise the one He chooses, the lot
fell on this father, so they realized that he was the chosen one by God. He was
ordained Patriarch for the See of St. Mark on sunday the 17th. of Mesra 1434 A.M.
(August 21st., year 1718 A.D.) at the church of St. Marcurius in Old Cairo. It was a
great joy for his enthronement, which was attended by the Christian mass, foreign
dignitaries, Catholics, Greeks, Armenians, and the military.
Afterwards, Pope Peter went to visit the cities of Lower Egypt, visited the churches,
and at the end he arrived to Alexandria to visit the church of St. Mark the evangelist
in the 11th. of Baramouda year 1438 A.M. He kissed the pure holy head of St. Mark,
and he did extensive renovation inside the church. When he was about to return he
was informed that a group in Alexandria planning to steal the holy head so he hid it
in the monastery since that time. Then he gave a lamb made of silver as a gift and
lit it over the tomb of the Evangelist, and he encircled it by a partition with windows
looking inside. He went to Lower and Upper Egypt and the people of Egypt rejoiced.
During the days of this father, a group of priests and deacons came, delegated by the
Emperor of Ethiopia, with extravagant gifts and a letter from the Emperor, asking for
a Metropolitan. He deliberated the subject with Mr. Lotf-Allah Abu-Yousif a prominent
notable of Cairo and others, and they all agreed on the honorable father Khristozolo
bishop of Jerusalem. He was a blessed father, and knowledgeable teacher, so Pope
Peter ordained him Metropolitan, and called him Khristozolo III. They went with him
to Ethiopia happy and joyful, and he cared for that parish from 1720 - 1742 A.D. Pope
Peter ordained Anba Athanasius bishop for Jerusalem.
During the papacy of this Pope many churches were built and consecrated with his
blessed hand. Among those churches, the church of St. Mary on the Nile in the district
of El-Maady, the church of Michael the archangel in Babylon, and the church of St.
Mina the wonder worker in Fum El-Khalig - Cairo. The last two churches were built by
the noble and charitable Mr. Lotf-Allah Abu-Yousif by his private funds, also he built
the church of the Apostles in the monastery of St. Antonios, and also assumed and
paid the cost of the enthronement festivals of the Patriarch. The days of this Pope
were peaceful and tranquil, and he worked on implementing the church cannons
especially he stopped the divorce, for whatever the reason. For that purpose he went
to the Governor Ebn-Eiwaz and discussed the subject with the Muslim scholars, so
they gave him a formal legal opinion and a decree that the No Divorce only apply to
the Christians, and no one can object him for that in courts. He ordered the priests
not to wed except in his presence. That was because a man, who was the son of a
priest, protested against him. The man had divorced his wife and married another
without the Patriarch's knowledge in the church. He ordered them to come before him
so he might dissolve the illegal marriage, but the man refused and did not come. The
Pope excommunicated the man, his wife and his father the priest for he had married
them. This man died after sever illness in his mouth, and his father the priest went
to the Pope, asked for his forgiveness, the Pope absolved him and shortly after he
This pope shepherded the flock of Christ with the best of care, and when he
completed his strife, he fell sick for a short sickness and departed on the 26th. of
Baramhat, year 1442 A.M. in the Holy Lent. His body was placed in the tomb of the
Patriarchs in the church of St. Marcurius in Old Cairo. He remained on the Chair for 7
years, 7 month and 11 days. He was charitable, generous and merciful to his people
as his predecessor. Pope Peter (Petros) El-Assuity was approximately forty six years
old, and he was a contemporary of Sultan Ahmed III the Ottoman. The Chair
remained vacant for 9 month and 11 days after him.
The year this pope departed, there was an outbreak of Plaque in the land along with
severe drought, many bishops and priests departed and death befell the people from
Alexandria toAswan.
May the lord have mercy on his people and benefit us with the prayers and blessings
of Pope Petros El-Asuity, and Glory be to God forever. Amen.

The Twenty Seventh Day Of The Blessed Month Of Baramhat
1. The Commemoration of the Crucifixion of Our Lord Jesus Christ.
2. The Departure of St. Macarius the Great.
3. The Martyrdom of St. Domicos.
1. On this day is the commemoration of the Crucifixion of Our Lord Jesus Christ
Incarnate, to Him is the Glory, for the salvation of the world. The Holy Bible
mentioned that: "From the sixth hour until the ninth hour there was darkness over all
the land." (Matthew 27:45) The sun had hidden its light when it saw its creator
incarnated, hanging with His own free will on the wood of the Cross, inclined His
head, and yielded up His spirit.
The Holy Church teaches us that: " His Divinity parted not from His Humanity for a
single moment, nor a twinkle of an eye, and He descended to the hades from the
cross to save those in bondage therein." St. Peter also said: "For Christ also suffered
once for sins, the just for the unjust, that He might bring us to God, being put to
death in the flesh but made alive by the Spirit, by whom also He went and preached
to the spirits in prison." (1 Peter 3:18-19) In the heavens He was in His might, and
on earth He was a savior. Praise the Lord, the omnipotent God, Who is in every
place, He saved us by giving Himself up, and opened to us the door of His kingdom.
To Him is the Glory, Power and Dominion forever. Amen.
2. On this day also, of the year 392 A.D. the blessed father, the lamp of the
wilderness and the father of all the monks the great saint Anba Macarius, departed.
This Saint was born in the village of Shabsheer - Menuf, from good and righteous
parents. His father's name was Abraham and his mother's name was Sarah and they
had no son. In a vision at night he saw the angel of the Lord and told him that God
was about to give him a son, and his name will be known all over the earth, and he
will have a multitude of spiritual sons.
Shortly after, this holy man had a son and called him Macarius which means
"Blessed." He was obedient to his parents, and the grace of God was upon him since
his young age. When he grew up his father forced him to get married against his will,
so he pretended that he was sick for several days. Then he asked his father if he
might go to the wilderness to relax and that may make him recover from his illness
speedily. He went to the wilderness and prayed to the Lord Christ to direct him to do
what is pleasing to Him. While he was in the wilderness he saw a vision, and it
seemed that one of the Cherubim, with wings, took his hands, and ascended up to
the top of the mountain, and showed him all the desert, east and west, and north
and south. The Cherub told him: "God has given this desert to you and your sons for
an inheritance." When he returned from the wilderness he found that his wife, who
was still virgin, had died, and Macarius thanked the Lord Christ. Shortly after, his
parents departed, and he gave all what they had left to the poor and the needy.
When the people of Shabsheer saw his chastity and purity, they took him to the
bishop of Ashmoun who ordained him a priest for them. They built a place for him
outside the city, and they went to him to confess and to partake from the Holy
Mysteries. They appointed a servant to take care of his needs and to sell for him the
work of his hands.
When Satan saw St. Macarius growth in virtues, he brought on him a severe
temptation. He inspired a girl that had defiled herself with a man to claim that St.
Macarius is the one who had defiled her. When her family heard that, they went to
him, insulted and beat him severely, inflicting much pain on him, which he endured
silently. Macarius reproached himself saying "O  Macarius now you have a wife and a
child, and it is meet for you to work day and night for your own food and for that of
your child and your wife." He worked continually at weaving mats and baskets, and
he gave them to the man who ministered unto him; and he sold them and gave the
money to the woman. When the day of her delivery drew near her labor was
exceedingly difficult, she continued to suffer for four days and did not deliver until
she confessed her false accusation against the Saint and named the man that defiled
When the family of the girl heard that, they decided to go to ask for his forgiveness
for what happened from them. When St. Macarius heard that, he fled away from them
running from the vain glory of this world.
At that time he was 30 years old, and the angel of the Lord appeared to him and
walked with him for two days until they came to Wadi El-Natroun and the Saint asked
the angel: "Appoint for me O master a place to live in." The angel replied: "I have
not marked out a place for you to live, lest you leave it in the future and transgress
the commandment of God. Behold all the wilderness is yours, so wheresoever you
wish, live there." St. Macarius dwelt in the Inner Desert, in the place of the
monastery of Sts. Maximus and Domadius which is known now by the monastery of
El-Baramous. He went to visit St. Antonios, who said about St. Macarius when he saw
him: "This is an Israelite in whom there is no guile." St. Antonios put on him the Holy
Eskeem, then St. Macarius returned to his place. When the number of monks
increased around him he built a church for them. His fame was known all over the
country and many kings and Emperors heard about the miracles that God performed
on his hands. He healed the daughter of the king of Antioch that was possessed by
an unclean spirit. The angel of the Lord appeared to him and took him to a place and
told him to make this place his abode, for many people will come to him in that
place. He built a cell for himself and a church.
He thought one day that the world had no more righteous people, so a voice came to
him from heaven saying: "In the city of Alexandria there are two women who feared
God." He took his staff, his provisions, and went to Alexandria and he asked around
until he reached their house. When he entered, they welcomed him, washed his feet
with warm water, and when he asked them about their life, one of them told him:
"There is no kinship between us and when we married these two brothers we asked
them to leave us to be nuns but they refused. So we committed ourself to spent our
life fasting till evening with often prayers. When each of us had a son, whenever one
of them cry, any one of us would carry and nurse him even if he was not her own son.
We are in one living arrangement, the unity in opinion is our model, and our
husbands work is shepherding sheep, we are poor and only have our daily bread and
what is left over we give it to the poor and the needy." When the Saint heard these
words he cried saying: "Indeed God looks to the readiness of the heart and grant the
grace of His Holy Spirit for all those who wish to worship him." He bade them farewell
and left returning to the wilderness.
There was an erring monk who strayed many by his saying that there was no
resurrection of the dead. The bishop of the city of Osseem went to St. Macarius and
told him about that monk. Abba Macarius went to that monk and stayed with him
until the monk believed and returned from his error.
On the day of his departure, he saw Sts. Antonios and Pachomius, and a company of
the saints, and he delivered up his soul. He was ninety-seven years old. St. Macarius
had commanded his disciples to hid his body, but some of the natives of the city of
Shabsheer came and stole his body, built a church for him and placed the body in it
for around one hundred and sixty years until the Arab conquest and the rebuilding of
his monastery, they returned the body to it.
In a manuscript in Shebeen El-Koum, was mentioned that St. Babnuda, his disciple,
saw the soul of St. Macarius ascending to heaven, and he heard the devils crying out
and calling after him, "You have conquered us O Macarius." The Saint replied "I have
not conquered you yet." When they came to the gates of heaven they cried again
saying "You have conquered us", and he replied as the first time. When he entered
the gate of heaven they cried "You have overcome us O Macarius." He replied
"Blessed be the Lord Jesus Christ who has delivered me from your hands."
May his blessing be with us. Amen.
3. On this day also St. Domicos was martyred during the reign of the infidel Emperor
Julian. Sapor (Shapur) Arsakis II king of Persia was in peace with the Roman Empire,
and he paid tribute to the lover of God Emperor Constantine. A dispute took place
between Emperor Julian and Sapor king of Persia, and the later prepared an army to
fight the Romans. Julian offered the sacrifices to his idols in the city of Casius which
was about six miles from Antioch where was the idol Apollon. The enemy of God went
along with the magicians, sorcerers, and the army to meet the Persians. On his way
he passed by an isolated place, where he saw a multitude of men, women, and
When he asked about this multitudes they told him: "A monk who live in a cave in
this place, perform miracles and heal the sick, and the multitudes that you see are
the Christians that came to get his blessing and be cured from their illnesses." Julian
became raged and sent a soldier to St. Domicos who talked to him in a threatening
way saying: "If you are living in this cave to please God so why you are seeking the
gratitude of men? and why don't you hide your self from them?" The Saint replied
saying: "I have given my soul and body to the hands of God, the God of heaven and
earth the Lord Jesus Christ, and spent many years in seclusion in this cave, as for
those who come to me with a strong faith, I can not dismiss them." When the
Emperor heard his answer, he ordered his soldiers to seal the mouth of the cave with
a wall and the Saint was inside where he delivered his soul therein.
Thus this Saint ended his pure life and received the crown of martyrdom on the 27th.
of Baramhat, year 78 A.M. (March 23rd., year 362 A.D.).
May his prayers be with us and Glory be to God forever. Amen.

The Twenty Eighth Day Of The Blessed Month Of Baramhat
1. The Departure of the righteous Emperor Constantine the Great.
2. The Departure of Pope Peter (Petros) VII, the One Hundred and Ninth Patriarch.
3. The commemoration of Anba Sarapamon, known as "The Veiled" Bishop of
1. On this day of the year 53 A.M. (337 A.D.) the righteous Emperor Constantine the
great departed. His father's name was Constantius I Chlorus which means (Green),
and his mother's name was Helena. Constantius reigned over Byzantium, Maximianus
reigned over Rome, and Diocletian reigned over Antioch and Egypt. Constantius was
pagan, but he was honorable, loved to do good, compassionate and merciful. He
went to the city of El-Ruha (Urfa - Gr. Edessa) and there he saw Helena, liked her
and he married her. She was a Christian, and she conceived Constantine. Constantius
left her in El-Ruha and returned to Byzantium. She brought forth Constantine and
raised him up very piously, taught him every kind of learning, sowed in his heart
mercy and compassion for the Christians, but she did not dare to have him baptized.
Constantine grew up, and he was a bold and skilful horseman. He went to his father
who rejoiced in him when he saw that he was full of wisdom, knowledge, and he was
a skilful horseman. After his father's death he received the kingdom and he reigned
with justice and integrity, and stopped all unfair practices. All the people were
subject to him and they loved him and his righteous judgement spread throughout
the Empire. The nobles of Rome sent asking him to come and save them from the
injustice of Maximianus. Constantine marched with his army toward Rome to save
them. During the war he saw in the heaven, in the middle of the day, a Cross made
of stars, and on it was written in Greek words which being interpreted as "With this
you shall conquer." The light of the Cross was more shinning than the sun, and he
shewed it to his ministers and the nobles of his kingdom. They read what was
written, marvelled and they did not know for what reason that cross had appeared.
That night the angel of the Lord appeared to him in a vision and told him: "Make a
sign for yourself like that sign which you had seen, and with it you shall conquer your
enemies." The next morning, he prepared a large flag with the sign of the cross on it,
and made the sign of the cross on all the armaments. He engaged with Maximianus
in a battle and fought. Constantine overcame Maximianus who withdrew with his
army, and while crossing the bridge over the Tiber river, the bridge broke and he and
most of his men perished. Constantine entered Rome and its people welcomed him
with joy and gladness, and its learned men praised the Honorable Cross and called it
the Savior of their city. Then they celebrated for the Cross seven days and
Constantine became the Emperor of the East and the West.
When Constantine established himself in Rome, he and most of his soldiers were
baptized by the Pope of Rome, in the eleventh year of his reign, which is the fourth
year after the appearance of the Honorable Cross. He sent throughout the kingdom
and commanded to set free all those who were imprisoned for the sake of faith, and
that they should not work during the Passion week as the Apostles commanded.
Then he sent his mother Helena to Jerusalem where she discovered the Holy Cross of
Our Lord Christ. In the seventeenth year of his reign the Holy Council of the Three
Hundred and Eighteen bishops assembled at Nicea in the year 325 A.D. which
arranged the affairs of the Christians and put down the cannons of the church. He
rebuilt the city of Byzantium and called it after his name "Constantinia" and he
brought to it many of the bodies of the apostles and holy martyrs. He departed in the
city of Nicomedia, they laid him in a gold sarcophagus, carried him and brought him
to Constantinia. The Patriarch, bishops, priests, and all the people received him with
prayers, psalms, and spiritual hymns, and laid him in the sanctuary of the holy
apostles. All the days of his life were seventy five years.
To Our God is the glory, might, and dominion and may His mercy and grace be upon
us forever. Amen.
2. On this day also of the year 1568 A.M. (April 5th., year 1852 A.D. the holy father
Pope Peter (Petros) VII, the 109th. Pope of Alexandria, departed. This father was
born in the village of Gawli - Manfalout, and his name was Mankarius. He forsake the
world since his young age, and the Divine grace led him to the monastery of the
great St. Antonios where he became a monk. He immersed in worship, asceticism and
purity as he occupied himself by reading the ecclesiastic books and learned the
theological and liturgical subjects. He was ordained priest for the monastery, he
surpassed his fellows in the practice of virtues and performing the religious duties,
and was called Fr. Marcurius. Then he was promoted to archpriest (Hegumen) for his
asceticism, zeal, and the purity of his heart.
When his news reached Pope Marcus (Mark) VIII, he called him. A group of the
Ethiopians had come, delegated from the king of Ethiopia asking for a Metropolitan
instead of Anba Yousab their predecessor one who had departed. The Pope searched
for an honorable, learned and just man, and he found these virtues in the Archpriest
Marcurius, so he chose him to be a Metropolitan for Ethiopia. During the ordination,
instead he ordained him a bishop without a parish and called him Theophilus and
ordained Anba Macarius II a Metropolitan for the kingdom of Ethiopia in the year 1808
After ordaining Anba Theophilus a bishop at large the Pope kept him with him in the
patriarchate to help him in managing the church business and the affairs of the
Coptic people.
When Pope Marcus VIII departed on the 13th. day of Kiahk year 526 A.M. (December
21st., year 1809), the bishops were present in Cairo met with the notables of the
people and unanimously agreed to chose Anba Theophilus to be his successor. They
ordained him Patriarch in St. Mark church in El-Azbakiah three days after the
departure of Pope Marcus, on sunday the 16th. of Kiahk, year 1526 A.M. (December
24th., year 1809), and they called him Peter VIII and he was known by Petros
El-Gawly. He was a gentle, meek, wise, greatly intelligent, outstandingly smart
father with a nobel policy in caring for the people. He devoted himself to studying,
reading and learning the ecclesiastic subjects and the holy books. He wrote a
valuable text to defend the church and its teachings, and he provided the patriarchal
library with valuable and rare texts. His era was a peaceful time in the land, so the
church had a complete serenity and total freedom in worship, and the churches were
renovated in Upper and Lower Egypt.
During his Papacy the Chair of El-Nuba and Sudan returned to the Chair of Alexandria
after separation for five hundred years. The governor of Egypt Muhammad Ali Basha
conquered Sudan and took over its land and consolidated it to the land of Egypt.
Many of the people of Sudan returned to the Christian faith and many of the christian
government employees and army men lived in Sudan. They built churches, then they
asked Pope Petros to send them a bishop to shepherd the Christian people in these
countries. He ordained for them a bishop who was nominated by the people of Sudan
from among the monks called Damianus. This bishop departed during the days of
Pope Petros so he ordained for them another.
This Pope, during his papacy, ordained twenty five bishops for the different parishes
of Egypt and Nuba, and he ordained two Metropolitans For Ethiopia, the first was
Anba Kyrellos IV in the year 1820, and the second in the year 1833 A.D.
God had performed many wonders through the hands of Pope Peter VII the most
famous of them is the incident of the Nile Inundation. One year the flood of the Nile
was not enough to water people, land and animals. The masses were worried about
famine, inflation and high prices if the land could not be cultivated. They went to the
Governor of Egypt asking to order the clergy to pray and supplicate God almighty that
He might bless the water of the Nile and increase the flood water to be able to water
the land to bring forth a plenteous crop and to avoid a famine that might befall the
people. Pope Peter VII called the bishops and the clergy and went with them to the
banks of the river where he celebrated the Divine Liturgy and after the service he
washed the Holy Service utensils with water from the river, then he threw the water
and the blessed Kourbana (Blessed Bread) in the river. The waves of the river roared,
the water was disturbed and flooded, the deacons in haste removed all the elements
used in the celebration, fearing of drowning. This incident glorified the Patriarch
position before the Basha the Governor who made him close to him, and honor the
men of his nation, and increased their authority and grace.
From these remarkable wonders also was the incident of the Holy Sepulcher light in
Jerusalem. After prince Ibrahim Basha, Mohammed Ali Basha's son, had conquered
Jerusalem and Syria year 1832 A.D., he invited Pope Peter VII to visit Jerusalem and
attend to the service of the appearance of the light on Bright Saturday from the
Sepulcher of the Lord Christ in Jerusalem as the Greek Orthodox Patriarchs did every
year. The Pope accepted the invitation, and when he arrived, he was received with
honor and reverence and he entered Jerusalem with a great procession and a splendid
celebration, in which the governor, the rulers and the heads of the different Christian
denominations participated. He realized with his wisdom that if he minister alone in
the Holy sepulcher that would cause animosity between the Copts and the Greeks.
The Pope asked the Basha to relieve him from this service, but he asked him to
participate with the Greek Patriarch on the condition that he will be their third, for he
doubted the authenticity of the light. On Bright Saturday the church of the holy
sepulcher was crowded with the worshipers, the Basha ordered the people to
evacuate the church to the spacious outer courtyard. When the time to start the
service came the two Patriarchs and the Basha entered the Holy Sepulcher to pray
the customary prayers. In the specific time, the light burst out of the Sepulcher in a
way that terrified the Basha, who became in a daze and confusion, and the Pope
attended to him until he recovered. The people outside in the courtyard were not
deprived from the blessing of the light since one of the pillars of the western gate of
the church split and the light appeared to them from the pillar. This incident
increased the reverence and respect of the Pope before the Basha. His holiness the
Pope made many repairs and renovations in the church of Resurrection.
During the days of this Pope, Mohammed Ali Basha wanted to join the Coptic church
with the church of Rome because of the efforts of one of his catholic army generals,
in return of the services of the French scientists and army leaders who offered the
Governor to organize the Egyptian government. The Governor (Basha) called the
master Ghali and his son Basilius and presented the subject to them, and they
replied saying that this merge would cause revolt and unrest among the Coptic
people so to avoid shedding of blood and to encourage the topic of unity, his family
and himself would join the Catholic church, on a condition that they would not be
forced to change their rituals or Eastern custom. The Basha accepted that solution
and accordingly they declared their joining the Catholic faith, and only few followed
them, nevertheless they all continued to worship in Coptic churches.
During his time, the monk Daoud (David) excelled among the monks of St. Antonios
monastery, and was promoted to be the head of the monastery. The fruits of his
effort became obvious, in organizing the monastery and improving the condition of
the monks. Pope Peter chose him for his intelligence and good management and sent
him to Ethiopia in an official church duty which he took care of it well, and his return
to Egypt was after the departure of Pope Peter.
History will exalt the memory of Pope Peter (Petros), because the Russian Caesar
sent his delegates to offer putting the Coptic Church under the protection of Caesar.
The Pope refused the proposal graciously by asking: "Does your Caesar live forever?"
When the envoy answered that he would die like all human beings, the Pope told him
that he preferred the protector of the church would be her true shepherd, the King
that does not die. The prince admired the Pope's faith and patriotism, and he left
after taking the blessings from the Pope stating that he is truly the good successor
for the Eternal King, Christ the Savior.
When this Pope finished his course and completed his strife, he departed in peace.
They prayed over him in a great celebration on Paschal Monday, participated in it all
the heads of the Christian denominations in St. Mark church in El-Azbakiah. He was
buried beside his predecessor Pope Marcus, and Anba Sarapamon bishop of
El-Menofia in the eastern side of the great cathedral in El-Azbakiah. He stayed on the
Patriarchal Chair for 42 years, 3 month, and 12 days and the Chair remained vacant
after him one year and 12 days.
May his prayers be with us. Amen.
3. On this day also is the commemoration of Anba Sarapamon, known as "The Veiled"
Bishop of El-Monofia. This blessed and great Saint was contemporary of Pope Petros
El-Gawly and one of his famous bishops. God had granted him the gift to heal the
sick, and to cast out evil spirits. He was called Salib. When he was a young man,
some evil women seized him and accused him of murdering a young man they had
killed in the market. In the court, he lifted up his heart to God and with tears he
asked the help of St. Mary and other saints. He looked to the slain person and asked
him to confess before the judge who killed him. The slain person rose up and told the
judge about the murderesses. The judge was astonished and set Salib free. Salib left
the court and went immediately to St. Antonios monastery to become a monk, and
later on, the Pope chose him a Bishop for El-Monofia.
When Mohammed Ali Basha asked the Pope's help concerning his daughter Zahra
Hanem who was possessed by evil spirit, he sent Anba Sarapamon who healed her by
praying over her. Mohammed Ali offered him money, but he refused saying that God's
gifts are free. When the Governor insisted he asked for supplies and clothes for the
monks in the monasteries, and to reinstate the Copts to their jobs in the government.
May his prayers be with us, and glory be to God forever. Amen.

The Twenty Ninth Of The Blessed Month Of Baramhat
1. The Commemoration of the Life giving Annunciation.
2. The Commemoration of the Resurrection of the Lord Christ from the dead.
1. On this day the church commemorates the Annunciation of our Lady, the
Theotokos, the Virgin St. Mary. When the appointed time by God since eternity for
the salvation of the human race had come, God sent Gabriel the Archangel to the
Virgin St. Mary, who is from the tribe of Judah the house of king David, to announce
her with the Divine conception and the Glorious Birth as the Holy Scriptures testifies:
" Now in the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent by God to a city of Galilee
named Nazareth, to a virgin betrothed to a man whose name was Joseph, of the
house of David. The virgin's name was Mary. And having come in, the angel said to
her, "Rejoice, highly favored one, the Lord is with you; blessed are you among
women!" But when she saw him, she was troubled at his saying, and considered what
manner of greeting this was. Then the angel said to her, "Do not be afraid, Mary, for
you have found favor with God. "And behold, you will conceive in your womb and
bring forth a Son, and shall call His name JESUS. "He will be great, and will be called
the Son of the Highest; and the Lord God will give Him the throne of His father
David. "And He will reign over the house of Jacob forever, and of His kingdom there
will be no end." Then Mary said to the angel, "How can this be, since I do not know a
man?" And the angel answered and said to her, "The Holy Spirit will come upon you,
and the power of the Highest will overshadow you; therefore, also, that Holy One
who is to be born will be called the Son of God.
Then the angel gave her the proof of the validity of his massage: "Now indeed,
Elizabeth your relative has also conceived a son in her old age; and this is now the
sixth month for her who was called barren. "For with God nothing will be impossible."
Then Mary said, "Behold the maidservant of the Lord! Let it be to me according to
your word." And the angel departed from her. (Luke 1:26-36)
When she had accepted this Divine Annunciation, the Only Begotten Son, the Word of
God, who is One of the Three eternal Persons, came and dwelt in her womb, a
dwelling, the human race can not comprehend. And straightway He united with
perfect humanity a complete unity inseparable and unchangeable after the unity.
This day then is the first-born of all feasts, for in it was the beginning of the
salvation of the world which was fulfilled by the Holy Resurrection of our Lord, saving
Adam and his offspring from the hands of Satan.
We ask Our God and Savior graciously to forgive our transgressions and excuse our
sins. Amen.
2. On this day also the salvation was completed by the holy Resurrection, for Our
Lord when he had finished His work upon earth, during a period of thirty three years,
suffered of His own free will on the eve of the twenty-seventh day of this month, and
He rose from the dead on this very day. As it was on this very day the incarnation of
Christ was announced to the people of the world who were awaiting Him. On friday,
the living and the dead rejoiced in their Salvation, and on sunday the living became
certain of it, and they knew of their resurrection by the Resurrection of the body of
Christ, Who was the first-fruits of the dead as the apostle Paul Said: "But now Christ
is risen from the dead, and has become the firstfruits of those who have fallen
asleep." (1 Corinthians 15:20)
We ask Him according to His great mercy and His compassion that He may grant us
the forgiveness of our sins. Amen.

The Thirtieth Day Of The Blessed Month Of Baramhat
1. The Commemoration of the Archangel Gabriel the Announcer.
2. The Commemoration of the Transfer of the Relies of St. James, known as the
3. The Commemoration of Samson, One of the Judges of Israel.
1. On this day, the church commemorates of the Archangel Gabriel the announcer, for
his honor is great with God, he was worthy to announce the birth of His only
begotten Son to the virgin St. Mary. He also foretold Daniel the prophet about the
return of the people of Israel from exile, about the first coming of Christ, to Whome
is the glory, for the salvation of the world, and also about the end of the animal
sacrifices. For what God had done for us through him it is meet for us to honor and
venerate him.
May his intercession be with us. Amen.
2. On this day also, is the commemoration of the relocation of the relics of St. James
(James the mangled). His biography and martyrdom are mentioned under the twenty
seventh day of the month of Hatour.
May his prayers be with us. Amen.
3. On this day also, is the commemoration of Samson, one of the Judges of Israel.
The name of the father of this righteous was Manoah from the tribe of Dan, and his
mother was barren. The angel of the Lord appeared to her and announced her of his
birth, and commanded her not to drink wine nor to eat unclean food all the days of
her pregnancy. The angel also commanded her that no razor should come on his
head, for the child was to be a Nazirite (dedicated) unto God from the womb, and
that he would deliver Israel out of the hands of the Philistines.
When she told her husband about what the angel had said to her, her husband asked
God to allow the angel to appear to him. The angel appeared, and said to him: "All
that I commanded your wife let her observe." The woman conceived, and gave birth
to Samson, and God blessed him and the Spirit of God filled him. At one time, he
tore a lion apart as one would tear a young goat, and on another time, he killed
thirty men and burned their fields. The Philistines rose against the tribe of Judah to
fight and seize Samson, but Samson told the men of Judah: "Swear to me that you
will not deliver me to them or kill me yourselves." They said to him: "No, but we will
tie you securely and deliver you into their hands. We surely shall not kill you." They
bound him with two new cords and brought him to the Philistines, who jumped upon
him to kill him. The Spirit of the Lord came mightily upon him, and the strong cords
that were on his arms became as flax that were burnt with fire, and his bonds broke
loose off his hands. He found a fresh jaw-bone of an ass, reached out and took it
with his hand and killed a thousand men with it. Then he became very thirsty, he
cried out to the Lord and said: "You have given this great deliverance by the hands of
you servant, and now shall I die from thirst... ?" The all mighty God then split a
hollow place and water came out. He drank and his spirit returned, and he survived.
When he was in Gaza, the Philistines surrounded the place and laid wait for him all
the night at the gate of the city to capture and kill him. Samson arose at midnight,
took hold of the doors of the gate, pulled them up, put them on his shoulders, and
carried them to the top of the hill. The Philistines came to his wife, Delilah, and
asked her to entice Samson to find out the secret of his strength. When Samson told
her that the secret was in his hair, for he was a Nazirite (Dedicated unto God). She
told his enemies, lulled him to sleep on her knees, and called for a man to shave off
the seven locks of hair off his head. She began to afflict him, as his strength went
from him. The Philistines took him to their city, insulted him, and plucked out his
His hair grew again, and his strength came back to him. He went to the temple of
their idol, and took hold of the two middle pillars which supported the temple.
Samson leaned with all his strength on the two pillars and said: "Let me die with the
Philistines." The temple fell on three thousands of the Philistine people and their
lords killing them all. So the dead that he killed on his death were more than he
killed in his life. He judged for the people of Israel twenty years, then departed in
To our God is the glory for ever. Amen.
  • The Blessed Month of Baramhat